Zond 8, a formal member of the Soviet Zond program and unmanned version of Soyuz 7K-L1 manned Moon-flyby spacecraft, was launched from an Earth orbiting platform, Tyazheliy Sputnik (1970-088B), towards the Moon.
|Names||Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 14|
|Mission type||Spacecraft test|
|Mission duration||7 days (day of launch to day of landing)|
|Launch mass||5,375 kilograms (11,850 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||October 20, 1970, 19:55:39 UT|
|Launch site||Baikonur Cosmodrome|
|End of mission|
|Recovered by||Soviet recovery vessel Taman|
|Landing date||Splashdown October 27, 1970, 13:55 UT|
|Landing site||730 kilometres (450 mi) SE of the Chagos Archipelago|
|Flyby of Moon|
|Closest approach||October 24, 1970|
|Distance||1,110.4 km (690.0 mi)|
The announced objectives of Zond 8 were investigations of the Moon and circumlunar space and testing of onboard systems and units. The spacecraft obtained photographs of Earth on 21 October from a distance of 64,480 km. The spacecraft transmitted flight images of Earth for three days. Zond 8 flew past the Moon on October 24, 1970, at a distance of 1110.4 km and obtained both black-and-white and color photographs of the lunar surface. Scientific measurements were also obtained during the flight.
Zond 8 reentered the Earth's atmosphere and splashed down 730 km SE of the Chagos Archipelago, in the Indian Ocean on 27 October 1970, 24 km from the USSR recovery ship Taman.
- "Soviet and Russian Lunar Exploration" (PDF). p. 314.
- Brian Harvey (2007). Soviet and Russian Lunar Exploration. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-387-73976-2.
- "Zond 8, Landing Point" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, NASA Solar System Exploration - Zond 8, Splashdown area.
- Soviet Lunar Images
- Astronautix.com - detailed on Soyuz 7K-L1 (Zond) program
- NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: The Moon from Zond 8 (16 July 2013)
This article was originally based on material from NASA (NSSDC) information on Zond 8