Zlín Z-XII

The Zlín Z-XII was a Czechoslovak two-seat sports aircraft, and the first major design success by the Zlínská Letecká Akciová Společnost (Zlín) aircraft manufacturing company, after its founding in Otrokovice after the takeover by the Bata Group.

Role Sports aircraft
Manufacturer Zlín
First flight 1935
Number built 252–259

Design and development

The low-wing all-wooden aircraft was designed by Jaroslav Lonek. Two prototypes, with different engines, were presented in April 1935. These were subjected to an extensive test program.

The Z-XII, equipped with a 33/35 kW (44/47 hp) Zlin Persy II engine emerged as the winner from the tests. The Z-212 was an improved version, equipped with a Walter Mikron engine. The aircraft could come with an open cockpit or with a cockpit hood. It was a very popular aircraft and was exported to many countries.

Production of the Z-212 ran under German supervision after the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The German Luftwaffe operated Z-XIIs and Z-212s until 1943, and about 20 Z-XIIs went to Slovakia. One Z-212 was captured by the Americans at the end of World War II. It was later used for sightseeing flights. Another Z-XII survived the war, being disassembled into parts in Otrokovice. It was later rebuilt and flew with the registration OK-ZJD.

A total of 201 Z-XIIs and 58 (other sources mention 51) Z-212s were built. Replicas of Z-XII and Z-212 have been built.


Equipped with a 33 kW (44 hp) ZLAS or 47 kW (63 hp) Zlin Persy II engine
Equipped with a Walter Mikron engine


Former civil operators

Former military operators

Slovak Republic
 United Kingdom
  • One Zlin 212 Tourist was impressed into service in India in 1942.
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Aircraft on display


Zlín Z-XII is on display.

Czech Republic

Specifications (Z-XII)

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1938[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.8 m (25 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 12 m2 (130 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 295 kg (650 lb)
  • Gross weight: 500 kg (1,102 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 42 l (11 US gal; 9.2 imp gal) in a fuselage tank
  • Powerplant: 1 × Zlin Persy II 4-cylinder air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 35 kW (47 hp) for take-off ; 34 kW (45 hp) normal
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller


  • Maximum speed: 150 km/h (93 mph, 81 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 125 km/h (78 mph, 67 kn)
  • Landing speed: 70 km/h (43 mph; 38 kn)
  • Range: 450 km (280 mi, 240 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 3,200 m (10,500 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 400 m (1,300 ft) in 4 minutes
  • Wing loading: 41.6 kg/m2 (8.5 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.0408 hp/lb (0.0671 kW/kg)


  1. Ketley, Barry, and Rolfe, Mark. Luftwaffe Fledglings 1935–1945: Luftwaffe Training Units and their Aircraft (Aldershot, GB: Hikoki Publications, 1996), p.11.
  2. Grey, C.G.; Bridgman, Leonard, eds. (1938). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1938. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. p. 98c.
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