Zhytomyr Oblast

Zhytomyr Oblast (Ukrainian: Житомирська область, translit. Zhytomyrs’ka oblast’; also referred to as Zhytomyrshchyna - Ukrainian: Житомирщина) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Zhytomyr. Its population is approximately 1,240,482(2017 est.)[3].

Zhytomyr Oblast

Житомирська область
Zhytomyrs'ka oblast’


Coat of arms
Житомирщина (Zhytomyrshchyna)
Coordinates: 50.65°N 28.52°E / 50.65; 28.52
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerZhytomyr
  GovernorVitaliy Bunechko[1]
  Oblast council64[2] seats
  ChairpersonVolodymyr Shyrma
  Total29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 5th
 (January 1, 2017[3])
  Total 1,240,482
  RankRanked 16th
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
from 10 to 13
Area code+380-41
ISO 3166 codeUA-18
Cities (total)11
 Regional cities5
Urban-type settlements43
FIPS 10-4UP27


The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on September 22, 1937 out of territories of Vinnytsia and Kiev oblasts as well as two border okrugs of Kiev Oblast Korosten Okrug and Novohrad-Volynsky Okrug.

The oblast covers territories of the historic regions of Polesia, Volhynia, and Podolia, which are reflected on the oblast's coat of arms.

Before the 18th century bigger half of the oblast belonged to the Kiev (Kijow) Voivodeship, while smaller western half around the city of Zviahel (Novohrad-Volynskyi) belonged to the Volhynian (Wolyn) Voivodeship. Following the treaty of Andrusovo, the city of Zhytomyr (Zytomierz) continued to act as an administrative center of the Kiev Voivodeship.

Following the second partition of Poland, on the newly annexed territory was formed oversized Izyaslav Vice-royalty (namestnichestvo) which included former Polish territories in Volhynia, Podolia, and Kiev land and centered in Izyaslav. However couple of years later the Russian Empire annexed more territories of the Polish Kingdom during the third partition of Poland contributing to the complete disappearance of the Polish statehood. The Izyaslav Vice-royalty was reformed and the territory of today's Zhytomyr Oblast predominantly ended up in the Russian Volhynian Governorate and the city of Zviahel which was renamed as Novohrad-Volynskyi (Novograd-Volynskiy) became its administrative center. Later the administrative center was transferred to the bigger city of Zhytomyr (Zhitomir).


The total area of the Zhytomyr Oblast is 29,832 km2 (11,518 sq mi).

Among the points of interest it is important to mention the following sites that were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine:

The Museum of Ukrainian home icons, which is the only one in Europe, is situated in the Zhytomyr Oblast. It is located in Radomyshl, a small town, about 90 km (56 mi) away from Kiev. The museum is the part of the Radomysl Castle historical and cultural complex. It was founded by Olga Bogomolets.[4]


The current estimated population of the oblast is 1,268,903 (as of 2013). Zhytomyr Oblast is the most important center of Polish minority in Ukraine, which is numbered there at 49,000.

Age structure

0-14 years: 15.8% (male 103,194/female 97,617)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 420,285/female 444,803)
65 years and over: 16.1% (male 65,301/female 138,472) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.4 years
male: 36.1 years
female: 42.6 years (2013 official)


The economy of Zhytomyr Oblast mostly deals with mining of granite and other construction stone, forestry, agriculture and various machinery manufacturing.

The northern part of the province is highly affected by the Chernobyl disaster: some of the towns and raions are devastated and are included in the Chernobyl zone, while others are prohibited from producing their own agriculture.

Administrative divisions

The Zhytomyr Oblast is subdivided into 23 raions (districts), and 5 of its cities are designated as separate raions within the oblast.

The districts of the Zhytomyr oblast include:

Important cities

Important cities of Zhytomyr Oblast include:


Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Zhytomyr is the center of the Zhytomyrs'ka oblast' (Zhytomyr Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Zhytomyr Oblast, Zhytomyrshchyna.


  1. Volodymyr Zelenskyy introduced new Zhytomyr RSA Head Vitaliy Bunechko Office of the President of Ukraine (12 August 2019)
  2. Oblast Council website
  3. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  4. Богомолець. О. "Замок-музей Радомисль на Шляху Королів Via Regia". — Київ, 2013
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.