Zeyathiri Township formerly part of Mandalay Division. The township was designated as one of the original townships constituting the new capital region of Naypyidaw on 26 March 2006 by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA).
The 2014 Myanmar Census reported that Zeyathiri Township had a population of 111,293. The population density was 186.2 people per km². The census reported that the median age was 26.6 years, and 100 males per 100 females. There were 26,075 households; the mean household size was 4.0.