Zeiss Inner Rail

Zeiss Inner Rail,[1] often simply called Zeiss rail, is a ringless telescopic sight mounting system introduced by Zeiss in 1990 as an alternative to traditional ring mounts.[2] A patent was granted in 1992, and the patent expired in 2008.[3][1] The mounting system is now also offered on sights sold by other major manufacturers, such as Blaser,[4] Leica, Minox, Meopta, Nikon,[5] Noblex (formerly Docter[6]), Schmidt & Bender[7] and Steiner.[8] It has therefore, in some sense, become the industry standard for scope mounting rails. The system has so far seen most use on the European high end market.[9]

History

Before the Zeiss rail, many European scope manufacturers used to offer a single type of standardized ringless mounting solution known as standard prism. This mounting solution was also known under names such as exterior rail, 70° prism rail or LM rail (Light Metal).[10] Compared to ring mounts, this type of mounting rail permitted mounting without putting compression on the internal mechanics of the scope. The system also allowed the shooter to place the scope at their preferred height and correct eye relief (distance to the eye), as well as the opportunity to easily move the scope between different firearms. However, the standard prism had an aesthetic drawback in that the scope rail had to drilled on the side for attachment screws. In case the rifle scope was to be used on different guns, new holes often had to be drilled. A motivation for developing the Zeiss rail was thus to avoid such drilling.

The Zeiss rail system was introduced in 1990 as an option on all Zeiss ZM/Z riflescopes, the top of the line riflescope offered by Zeiss at that time. The system was later offered on the new top of line VM/V models. For these reasons, some sources have referred to the Zeiss rail system under names such as Zeiss ZM/VM rail or Zeiss M rail. Names such as Zeiss Integral rail, Zeiss 45° rail or simply Z rail have also been used.[9]

Technical

Compared to the older prism rail, the Zeiss rail does not require any drilling, and therefore provides easier mounting to the user, as well as improved aesthetics. Compatible scopes have an internal dovetail rail where two or more 45 degree wedge nuts can be slided in. For example, EAW uses wedge nuts with M5 or M4 threads.[11] The scope mount is then attached using simple hand tools like a torx key or hex key to a torque between 4–5 N⋅m (3.0–3.7 lbf⋅ft).[12]

Advantages

Robust mounting
Compared to ring mounts, the rail mount can hold on to the scope in stronger recoil forces without slipping.[13]
Added stiffness
The extra material on the underside of the scope body increases stiffness and robustness. While this also increases the weight of the scope itself, it also allows for a lighter mount.
Horizontal reticle
The aiming reticle is ensured to be mounted horizontally each time.
Less chance of mounting errors
On ring mounts, overtightening of the rings is not an uncommon mounting error.[14] This can squeeze the otherwise round tube and put stress on the inner workings of the scope, resulting in either temporary or permanent damage to its mechanical and/or optical properties. In comparison, inner rail mounts are designed to be tension-free and not put stress on the main tube. After placing the wedge nuts inside the rail, the scope mount is then attached from the outside with a force from a 22.5 degree angle on each side, resulting in a self centering design.
More flexible placement
Inner rail mounts can allow for more variations in placement on the firearm. With ring mounts, the scope adjustment knobs can put restraints on the placement of the scope. In comparison, the inner rail mount gives the user more freedom to slide the scope forwards or backwards. The stepless dovetail shaped mounting surface gives more flexibility in adjustment of distance to the shooter's eye in order to get the proper eye relief.
No ring marks
When using ring mounts, marks on the scope tube can occur.[15] This can happen even when ring mounts are mounted with proper torque if for example either the ring mount or the scope tube itself are slightly over or undersized.[16] Since inner rail mounts do not have rings, ring marks are avoided.
A different look
A ringless mount gives the firearm a different look which is preferred by some as being less protrusive.
Same mount for different main tube sizes
Scopes with rail mounts do not grip around the main tube. The same rail mount can therefore be used for different scopes regardless of their main tube size. Therefore the user does not have to worry about the main tube size and compatability with existing mounts when purchasing a new scope.

Disadvantages

Price and availability
Inner rail scope mounts are currently offered by far fewer manufacturers compared to ring mounts. For some time they have only been offered by high end European manufacturers.
Compatibility
Scopes made for other systems, such as ring mounts or other inner rail mounts, are not compatible with the Zeiss rail. Before purchase the user has to decide which system to use. These inner rails are an integral part of the scope body and can not be removed.

Scope offerings

The Zeiss rail system can be found on some models from scope manufacturers such as Docter, Leica, Minox, Meopta and Schmidt & Bender,[9] and sometimes only on high end models. Often the manufacturer will offer these models in two variations; one for traditional ring mounts, and another for the Zeiss rail mount.

There are also examples of rifle scopes that thave been sold exclusively for Zeiss rail mounts (i.e. no option for a ring mount version). These include the Zeiss Victory Diarange laser rangefinder scope[17] and the Zeiss Varipoint iC models.[18] In late 2017,[19] Blaser released their Infinity iC (illumination Control) line of scopes which also only uses the Zeiss rail system.[4]

Mount offerings

Aftermarket mounts compatible with the Zeiss rail system are offered by several well known manufacturers such as Blaser,[20] EAW,[9] Henneberger,[21] Innomount,[22] Kozap, [9] MAK,[23] Recknagel,[24] Rusan,[9] Uronen Precision,[25] Virtus,[26] and Ziegler.[27] Both two-piece or monobloc mounts are offered.[9]

Compatible mounts are offered in different configurations, depending on the mounting opportunities on the firearm receiver. Examples include Picatinny, Weaver or different types of claw or swing (pivot) mounts.

Competing standards

Competing standards to the Zeiss rail include the Swarovski SR rail and Schmidt & Bender Convex rail. The three systems are not compatible. While the Zeiss rail has a stepless dovetail shaped mounting surface, the Swarovski SR rail has a finely toothed rail, and the S&B Convex has a smooth convex rail.

Swarovski applied for patent on their SR rail system in 2002,[28][29][30] and introduced to the product to the market in late 2005.[31] The Swarovski SR rail is also used by Kahles, a Swarovski subsidiary.[32]

The Convex rail has been offered by Schmidt & Bender since at least 2005,[33][34] and has also been marketed under the name LMC (Light Metal with Convex rail).[7] Contrary to the Zeiss and Swarovski rails, which ensure a levelled reticle, the S&B Convex rail instead allows the user to tilt the reticle up to 1° (60 moa; 17.5 mrad) to the left or right.[35] Since 2016, Schmidt & Bender has also offered the Zeiss rail system as an option on some of their hunting scope sights under the name LMZ (Light Metal with Z-rail).[7]

References

  1. ZEISS Hunting Catalogue 2018 "ZEISS revolutionised riflescope mounting? The introduction of the ZEISS inner rail in 1990 meant that gunsmiths no longer needed to perform the laborious tasks of gluing and drilling the mounting components to attach them to the riflescope. Since the patent expired in 2008, the ZEISS inner rail is now offered by almost all prominent European manufacturers."
  2. 100 Years of Carl Zeiss riflescopes 1904 – 2004 Milestones and Pioneering Achievements, page 2
  3. German patent No. 38 20 471 granted 19 March 1992
  4. Blaser Infinity 2.8-20x50 IC vs Swarovski Z8i 2-16x50 - Rifles Scopes Expert Every Blaser [scope] comes with a Zeiss ZM/VM mounting rail [...]
  5. Nikon Sport Optics & Hunting Catalogue 2017 "Rail mount models (Zeiss Inner Rail Standard) are available (1-4x24 IL ZR and 2.5-10x50SF IL ZR"
  6. Docter to Noblex - Optics info
  7. Schmidt & Bender – Main catalog 2016
  8. Nighthunter Xtreme Riflescope Instruction Manual "Rail models work with standard rail bases for “Z” or Zeiss rails."
  9. Zeiss ZM / VM Rifle Scope mounting rail – Optics info
  10. Mount rail
  11. EAW Spare Parts and Tools catalogue 2017, Keilmutter/clamping block page 3 and 5
  12. Zeiss ZM / VM rail Mounts - Optics-trade
  13. Zeiss ZM/VM rail mounting of Rifle Scopes (YouTube)
  14. Two Common Scope-Mounting Mistakes – Shooting Times
  15. larrywillis.com – Mounting a Scope
  16. buckmasters.com – Advanced Scope Mounting
  17. Victory Diarange riflescopes from ZEISS – with integrated laser rangefinder | ZEISS United States
  18. Victory Varipoint iC riflescopes from ZEISS – with illumination control iC | ZEISS International
  19. Blaser Infinity: three new riflescopes for hunters - all4shooters
  20. Alan Rhone Ltd – Contessa | QD Rail for Blaser
  21. Henneberger GmbH & Co. KG – Oberteile für Zeiss-Schiene
  22. Scope Innomount scope mounts by Innogun
  23. Mounts HELIX | Merkel
  24. Alan Rhone Ltd – Recknagel | Other Mounts
  25. Uronen Precision Secondary Sight Mount for the C-More RTS2 -The Firearm Blog
  26. Galerie virtus-scopemounts.com – Zeiss Innenschiene
  27. Alan Rhone Ltd – Ziegler ZP Mounts
  28. Patent AT480748T Application filed 9 June 2002 by Swarovski Optik]
  29. Patent US6901692B2 Application granted 7 June 2005]
  30. Patent DE50214644D1 Application granted 21 October 2010]
  31. Swarovski catalog October 2005
  32. Scopes and Mounting Systems | Hunt Forever
  33. Wild und hund, das jagdmagazin zeit 1894, 19/2005, Sieben auf einen Streich, page 92. "Schmidt & Bender Zenith 2,5-10x56 FD [... LM mit Convex-Innenschiene"]
  34. [http://up.picr.de/11135682bd.pdf HEYM Pivot mount catalogue (10.2003), mounting solutions for Schmidt & Bender convex rail (Convex-Schiene)
  35. Schmidt & Bender catalogue "The convex hollow rail. Our hollow rail with a convex outer surface, offered on all Zenith models, is distinguished by elegant lines, and allows the use of reliable slide-in mount fasteners. This innovative rail also makes it possible to tilt the scope up to 1° to the left or to the right."
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