Zamboanga Peninsula (landmass)

The Zamboanga Peninsula is a peninsula of Mindanao, the second largest island in the Philippines. It is a large, semi-circular peninsula located in northwestern Mindanao, forming the Moro Gulf and part of the border between the Sulu Sea and Celebes Sea. Politically, the majority of the Zamboanga Peninsula belongs to the administrative region of Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX), and a minority belongs to Northern Mindanao (Region X).

Zamboanga Peninsula
Peninsula de Zamboanga
Lawis sa Zamboanga
Adjacent bodies of water
Administrative regionsZamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)

Northern Mindanao (Region X)

The Zamboanga Peninsula is notable as the home of the Zamboangueño people, a creole people and speakers of Chavacano, the only Spanish-based creole language in Asia, as well as the homeland of the Subanen people.


The peninsula is connected to the main section of Mindanao Island through an isthmus situated between Panguil Bay and Pagadian Bay.

Zamboanga Peninsula extends southwesterly toward the Sulu Archipelago and Borneo island. It has an area of roughly 5,600 square miles (14,500 square km). It is between the Sulu Sea on the north and west, and the Moro Gulf of the Celebes Sea on the south.

Political subdivisions

The boundary between the peninsula and the mainland is politically defined by the border between the peninsula's Zamboanga del Sur province and main island's Lanao del Norte province. The geographic Zamboanga Peninsula consists of the provinces of Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay of Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX); and the northwestern province of Misamis Occidental in the Northern Mindanao (Region X), and the independent Zamboanga City.

The land of almost 4 million people belonging to the people of Mindanao, the Lumad groups who are pagans, the converted Moro groups, the converted Christian groups and the Christians and non-Christian settlers. the region is believed to be first inhabited by Subanon, which is considered as the largest Lumad ethnic group in Mindanao. During the Islamic colonization, some Subanon converted to Islam and accepted the Islamic culture whom we call today the Kalibogan and those Subanon who accepted the Christian faith, Hispanic Culture and names are today's Zamboangueño.

Existing cities of the peninsula


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