Zalavár

Zalavár is a village in Hungary, located in Zala County. It is located around 9 km (6 mi) southwest of Lake Balaton.

Zalavár
Zalavár
Location of Zalavár
Coordinates: 46.66996°N 17.15683°E / 46.66996; 17.15683
Country Hungary
CountyZala County
Area
  Total31.06 km2 (11.99 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)
  Total959
  Density30.88/km2 (80.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8392
Area code(s)83

Name

According to written sources the settlement was called 'Mosapurc' in the 9th century, "Mosapurc regia civitate".[1] It was also known as Moosburg, Urbs Paludarum, Braslavespurch[2] and Blatengrad in medieval records. The medieval settlement is known in modern sources as Blatnohrad (Slovak), Blatnograd (Serbian and Croatian), Блатноград (Serbian and Bulgarian). Ján Kollár called it Salavár in his travel book and described the state of the ruins in 1841.

History

In the 9th century, Mosapurc or Moosburg[3] was a fortified settlement built at the Zala river and was the capital of the Frankish vassal Balaton Principality ruled by a Slavic prince Pribina ("Privinae civitas, munimen, castrum in nemore et palude Salae" in a Salzburg chronicle). During the reign of Pribina's son, prince Kocel (861-876), in the summer of 867, it provided short-term hospitality to brothers Cyril and Methodius on their way from Great Moravia to the pope in Rome to justify the use of the Slavonic language as a liturgical language. They and their disciples turned Blatnograd into one of the centers that spread the knowledge of the new Slavonic script (Glagolitic alphabet) and literature, educating numerous future missionaries in their native language.

Battle of Pressburg

Specialists claim that Urbs Paludarum, Brazlavo's burg (Moosburg), was the place of the Battle of Pressburg, instead of Bratislava.[4] The only contemporary source mentioning a location of the battle is the Annales iuvavenses maximi (Annals of Salzburg); however, the reliability of these annals is questionable, as they survive only in fragments copied in the 12th century.[5] According to the annals the battle took place in the vicinity of Brezalauspurc, the castle of Duke Brazlavo, located west of Lake Balaton.[6]

References

  1. Charles R. Bowlus, Franks, Moravians, and Magyars: the struggle for the Middle Danube, 788-907, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995, p. 220
  2. Guus Kroonen, Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik, Band 74, BRILL, 2015, p. 207, ISBN 9789004298460
  3. Richard A. Fletcher, The Barbarian Conversion: From Paganism to Christianity, University of California Press, 1999, p. 348
  4. Bowlus, Charles R. (1995). Franks, Moravians, and Magyars: The Struggle for the Middle Danube, 788-907. pp. 258-9.
  5. Timothy Reuter, Germany in the Early Middle Ages 8001056 (New York: Longman, 1991), 138139.
  6. Bowlus, Charles R. (2006). The battle of Lechfeld and its aftermath, August 955: the end of the age of ... p. 83. ISBN 9780754654704.
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