Yuzhny Island

Yuzhny (Russian: Южный, lit. southern) is the southern island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, lying north of Russia. It has an area of 33,275 square kilometres (12,800 sq mi), which while smaller than the northern island of Severny, makes it one of the largest islands in the world. It is separated from Severny Island by the narrow Matochkin Strait, which is covered with ice most of the year. West of Yuzhny Island lies the Barents Sea, and to the east the Kara Sea.

Native name:
Yuzhny Island (Russia)
LocationArkhangelsk Oblast, Russia
Coordinates72°N 54°E
ArchipelagoNovaya Zemlya
Area33,275 km2 (12,848 sq mi)
Area rank41st
OblastArkhangelsk Oblast

Originally home to the Nenets people, the island was largely evacuated in the 1950s to make way for nuclear weapons testing.[1]


Yuzhny Island is known for its large seabird population. The island's vegetation largely subsists on tundra.

See also


  1. "Nuclear Explosions in the USSR: The North Test Site Reference Material" (PDF). The Division of Nuclear Safety and Security: International Atomic Energy Agency. December 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2012.

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