Yuendumu

Yuendumu (22°15′S 131°47′E) is a town in the Northern Territory of Australia.[9][10] It ranks as one of the larger remote communities in central Australia and has a thriving community of Aboriginal artists. Yuendumu lies 293 km northwest of Alice Springs on the Tanami Road, and is a community largely made up of the Warlpiri and Anmatyerr Aboriginal people, with a population of 759 at the 2016 Australian census.[2] Yuendumu is located within the Yuendumu Aboriginal Lands Trust area on traditional Anmatyerr land and includes numerous outstations.[11][12]

Yuendumu
Northern Territory
Yuendumu
Coordinates22°15′32″S 131°47′33″E[1]
Population759 (2016 census)[2]
 • Density108/km2 (281/sq mi)
Established1946 (Yendumu Aboriginal Reserve)
4 April 2007 (locality)[1]
Postcode(s)0872[3]
Elevation667 m (2,188 ft)(weather station)[4]
Area7 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Time zoneACST (UTC+9:30)
Location
LGA(s)Central Desert Region[1]
Territory electorate(s)Stuart[5]
Federal Division(s)Lingiari[6]
Mean max temp[4] Mean min temp[4] Annual rainfall[4]
30.3 °C
87 °F
15.4 °C
60 °F
365.2 mm
14.4 in
Localities around Yuendumu:
Chilla Well Chilla Well Chilla Well
Chilla Well Yuendumu Chilla Well
Chilla Well Chilla Well Chilla Well
FootnotesLocations[3]
Adjoining locality[7][8]

It was established in 1946 by the Native Affairs Branch of the Australian Government to deliver rations and welfare services.[13] In 1947 a Baptist mission was established there.[14] By 1955 many of the Aboriginal people had settled in the town. Today, some of the services and facilities available in Yuendumu include three community stores, Yuendumu Mediation Centre, school,[15] airstrip, swimming pool,[16] the Warlukurlangu art centre, an Aboriginal media organisation (PAW Media), a church, an elderly people's program, women's centre and safe house. Yuendumu retains links with other communities within the region, including Yuelumu, Papunya, Lajamanu, Willowra and Nyirripi.

Yuendumu hosts its annual sports weekend in the first week of August. The event includes football, basketball and softball competitions, attracting teams from other communities around the region. There is also a 'Battle of the Bands' night which showcases local bands.

Accomplishments

In the early 1980s the Yuendumu elders painted ceremonial designs on canvas, which begun the art movement at Yuendumu.[17] The first painting there was on the door of the Yuendumu school (which later started the Yuendumu Doors series), painted by P. Japaljarri Stewart and Kumanjayi Japaljarri Sims, who are some of the most well known artists at the community. In 1985 the Warlukurlangu Artists Association was founded at Yuendumu.[18] Notable artists who have painted with Warlukurlangu include Kumanjayi Nelson Napaljarri,[19] Norah Nelson Napaljarri,[20] Sheila Brown Napaljarri,[21] Dolly Nampijinpa Daniels[20] and Judy Watson Napangardi.[22]

Contemporary Indigenous Australian artist Kumanjayi Napaljarri Kennedy was a senior woman at Yuendumu,[23] a member of the community council,[24] and was made a Member of the Order of Australia in 1994, for services to the Yuendumu community.[25] Artist Maggie Napaljarri Ross has received the Order of Australia for her work in establishing the Yuendumu Night Patrol.[26]

Yuendumu elders founded the Mt Theo Program in 1993 which has become a model for substance misuse prevention and youth diversion/development in remote Australian communities.[27] In 2007, Johnny Japangardi Miller 'Hooker Creek',[28] Peggy Nampijimpa Brown[29] and Andrew Stojanovski[30] were awarded the Order of Australia Medal (OAM) for their efforts in founding the program and 'for service to the community of Yuendumu and the surrounding region of the Northern Territory through programs addressing substance abuse among Indigenous youth'.

Yuendumu leaders who were awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001, which commemorates 100 years of Federation and recognises "citizens and other people who made a contribution to Australian society or government" include Wendy Nungarrayi Brown[31] and Rex Granites.[32] Yuendumu is the home community of indigenous activist and former NT Government minister Bess Nungarrayi Price.

For over 25 years the community has also been home to PAW Media (formerly Warlpiri Media),[33] most famously producing Bush Mechanics,[34][35] and Aboriginal Rules[36] which explored the social meaning of football in remote communities.

Yuendumu is home of the Yuendumu Magpies football team,[37] who play in the Central Australian Football League (CAFL) (formerly playing in the Ngurratjuta 'Country' Cup). Yuendumu won the inaugural season of the new Alice Springs competition in 2008.[38] Yuendumu player Liam Jurrah was drafted into the AFL soon after by the Melbourne Football Club.[39]

References in music, video games, and literature

The town is mentioned in the Midnight Oil song "Beds are Burning" (from the Diesel and Dust album): Four wheels scare the cockatoos/From Kintore east to Yuendumu.

In The 2005 PlayStation 2 Video Game Sly 3: Honor Among Thieves, the second chapter "Rumble Down Under" takes place in a fictional Yuendumu in the Australian outback, which is a mining and digging site.

Midnight Oil and Warumpi Band's tour to Yuendumu is documented in Andrew McMillan's book Strict Rules: The BlackfellaWhitefella Tour.

Climate

Climate data for Yuendumu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.5
(115.7)
43.2
(109.8)
41.1
(106.0)
38.5
(101.3)
34.5
(94.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.1
(88.0)
35.2
(95.4)
38.2
(100.8)
41.2
(106.2)
45.6
(114.1)
44.6
(112.3)
46.5
(115.7)
Average high °C (°F) 36.5
(97.7)
35.2
(95.4)
33.4
(92.1)
30.1
(86.2)
25.0
(77.0)
22.1
(71.8)
22.0
(71.6)
25.1
(77.2)
29.5
(85.1)
32.9
(91.2)
35.1
(95.2)
36.2
(97.2)
30.3
(86.5)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.1
(71.8)
19.4
(66.9)
15.5
(59.9)
11.0
(51.8)
7.6
(45.7)
6.4
(43.5)
8.5
(47.3)
13.0
(55.4)
16.9
(62.4)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
15.4
(59.7)
Record low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
12.3
(54.1)
9.3
(48.7)
5.4
(41.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−1.1
(30.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.1
(37.6)
5.9
(42.6)
8.4
(47.1)
12.1
(53.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 64.9
(2.56)
64.8
(2.55)
47.4
(1.87)
22.6
(0.89)
23.9
(0.94)
13.6
(0.54)
15.1
(0.59)
7.4
(0.29)
8.6
(0.34)
21.0
(0.83)
31.3
(1.23)
45.9
(1.81)
365.2
(14.38)
Average rainy days 6.3 6.2 3.9 2.2 2.8 2.0 1.8 1.4 2.1 4.1 5.4 6.0 44.2
Source: [4]

References

  1. "Place Names Register Extract for Tanami". NT Place Names Register. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Yuendumu (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  3. "Tanami East Postcode". postcode-finders.com.au. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  4. "Yuendumu". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  5. "Division of Daly". Northern Territory Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  6. "Federal electoral division of Lingiari". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  7. "Yeundumu". NT Atlas and Spatial Data Directory. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  8. "Localities within Central Desert Shire (sic) (map)" (PDF). Northern Territory Government. 2 April 2007. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  9. http://www.bams.nt.gov.au/dtw/bams/public/pdfslaps/slp-198.pdf
  10. DLGH - Bushtel | Community Search Display
  11. DLGH - Bushtel | Community Search Display
  12. DLGH - Bushtel | Community Search Display
  13. Meggitt, 1962:28; O'Grady, 1955: ch. 8.
  14. Baptists in Australia; O'Grady, 1955:118.
  15. Yuendumu CEC
  16. Macklin gets out the scissors as Yuendumu pool opens | Crikey
  17. Tradition and Transformation
  18. Warlukurlangu Artists Aboriginal Corporation
  19. Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3.
  20. Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 209. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3.
  21. Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 212. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3.
  22. Gosford, Robert (19 May 2016). "Vale Judy Napangardi Watson, 1925 - 2016 - Warlpiri artist and force of nature - The Northern Myth". The Northern Myth. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  23. Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3.
  24. "Lucy Napaljarri". Dictionary of Australian Artists Online. 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
  25. "Search Australian Honours: Kennedy, Lucy Napaljarri". It's an honour. Australian Government. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
  26. Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3.
  27. Mt Theo Program
  28. It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  29. It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  30. It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  31. It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  32. It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  33. Warlpiri Media Association
  34. Bush Mechanics!
  35. ABC TV Documentaries: Bush Mechanics
  36. Aboriginal Rules
  37. Under Construction: yuendumumagpies.com
  38. http://www.footballcentralaustralia.com/afl-football-alice-springs/premiers Archived 24 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  39. In the red dirt Demon president delivers on promise - RFNews - theage.com.au

Further reading

  • Campbell, Liam (2006) Darby: One hundred years of life in a changing culture, Sydney, ABC Books.
  • Daly A and Barrett G. (2014) Independent Cost Benefit Analysis of the Yuendumu Mediation and Justice Committee Alice Springs: Central Desert Regional Council. http://www.centraldesert.nt.gov.au/files/attachments/yuendumup_cba_0.pdf
  • Dussart, Francoise (2000) The politics of ritual in an aboriginal settlement: kinship, gender, and the currency of knowledge, Washington D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Meggitt, Mervyn J. (1962) Desert people: A study of the Walpiri Aborigines of Central Australia, Angus & Robertson, London.
  • Musharbash, Yasmine (2008) Yuendumu everyday: intimacy, immediacy and mobility in a remote Aboriginal settlement, Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press
  • Musharbash, Yasmine (2002) "Yuendumu CDEP: The Warlpiri work ethic and Kardiya staff turnover", pp. 153 – 166 in F. Morphy and W.G. Sanders (ed), The Indigenous Welfare Economy and the CDEP Scheme Research Monograph No. 21, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University E Press
  • O'Grady, Frank (1955), Francis of Central Australia, Sydney, Wentworth Books.
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