Yozgat is a city and the capital district of Yozgat province in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. According to 2009 census, population of the district is 645,266 of which 75,853 live in the city of Yozgat.
A panoramic view of the city center
Emblem of Yozgat Municipality
Location in Turkey
|Coordinates: 39°49′15″N 34°48′30″E|
|• Mayor||Kazım Arslan|
|• District||2,054.30 km2 (793.17 sq mi)|
|• District density||47/km2 (120/sq mi)|
Yozgat has been subjected to a number of surveys and excavations in the past and it has become quite clear that there is still a great deal of history located under the surface of Yozgat. Officials from the Yozgat Museum Directorate are expected to concentrate their efforts in uncovering an old world Roman bath that is said to be located in the Sarikaya neighborhood while other archaeologists are carrying out excavation work in Cadirhoyuk, home to the lost city of Pteria and one of the greatest ancient civilizations in world history. Cadirhoyuk is located close to the Peyniryemez village in the Sorgun district and excavation work is planned to continue till the month of August 2014.
The first surveys were started in the year 1993. Since then archaeologists have uncovered countless artifacts belonging to 5 different ancient civilizations from the area and as well as artifacts that belong to 5 different eras – the Bronze, Hellenistic, Hittite, Copper and Upper Byzantine eras.
Surface excavations and surveys were also undertaken on the Kerkenes plateau by Dr. Geoffery Summers, a British archaeologist. The plateau is believed to be the home to the lost city of Pteria. The search for this lost city as well as other old world constructions began in 2013 and it plans to go on till the month of August as well. The expedition covers an area which is surrounded by walls and is known to date back to almost 2600 years.
Lincoln at Forgotten Books According to historical reports, Pteria was destroyed, burned and abandoned during the Battle of the Eclipse between the Lydians and the Medes. This battle ended during a solar eclipse on 28 May 585 BC and it was understood to be an omen that the gods wanted the fighting to stop.
Another excavation site in the region that deserves to be mentioned is in Kusaklu Tumulus. A team headed by Dr. Stefania Mazzoni has been working at the site since the year 2008 and it is believed that the Hittite civilization as well as the city of Zippalandawas once existed in the region. As a part of these excavations a 2000 year old Roman bath that was said to be used to heal people from their wounds has been discovered. Traces of the Roman, Seljuk, Byzantine and Ottoman eras have also been found in the region.
With so much of history yet to be uncovered from a single city, archaeologists remain hopeful of unearthing many more wonders of the ancient world in the next few months. It has already been proved that the area was home to numerous civilizations that date all the way back to the Roman era. Archaeologists remain hopeful of managing to unearth many more old world structures and secrets as time passes by.
The Ottoman Empire annexed Yozgat in 1398. At around 1911, it was the chief town of a sanjak of the same name in the Ankara Vilayet. There was a trade in yellow madder (Stil de grain yellow) and mohair. The sanjak was very fertile, and contained good breeding-grounds in which cattle, horses and even camels were reared for the local agriculture and foreign trade.
Yozgat was the site of a prisoner of war camp in the First World War, holding British and Empire officers captured at the Siege of Kut, including E. H. Jones and C. W. Hill whose escape attempts were recounted in the book The Road to En-dor.
The most notable dishes of the region are Testi Kebabı (Cruse Kebab) and Arabaşı Çorbası (Arabaşı Soup).
The town is located at an elevation of 4,380 ft (1,335 m), situated 105 mi (170 km) east of Ankara, near the head of a narrow valley through which the Ankara–Sivas road runs. Like much of the Anatolian Plateau, the lands around Yozgat have been deforested over thousands of years of human habitation. This makes the climate and weather harsh, in summers and winters. However, Turkey has taken great steps to reforest at least some of the region.
Yozgat has a Mediterranean continental climate (Köppen Climate Classification: Dsb) with cold and snowy winters due to its inland location and warm and dry summers. Hottest month averages at 26 °C (78.8 °F) during the day. Winter temperatures can drop as low as −20 °C (−4.0 °F) at the height of the season.
|Climate data for Yozgat (1960-2012)|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−5.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||69.0
|Average rainy days||13.3||13.1||13.3||14.2||14.0||9.2||4.0||3.3||4.8||8.3||10.0||13.3||120.8|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||93||112||164.3||192||254.2||303||344.1||337.9||270||204.6||138||93||2,506.1|
|Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü|
The main sights of the city of Yozgat are the Yozgat Clock Tower built in 1908 and the Çapanoğlu Mosque built by the Çapanoğlu family, who are the founders of Yozgat. Yozgat Pine Grove National Park is an area of 264 ha (2.64 km2) in which different types of pine trees grow, some up to 500 years old.
- Agah Efendi (1832–1885), journalist, publisher of the first Turkish newspaper
- Nasuh Akar (1925–1984), Olympic gold medalist wrestler
- Celal Atik (1918–1979), Olympic gold medalist wrestler
- Bekir Bozdağ (1965), Deputy prime minister
- Cemil Çiçek (1946), Speaker of Turkish Grand National Assembly
- Aylin Daşdelen (1982), European champion female weightlifter
- John Ilhan (1965–2007), Turkish-Australian businessman
- Lütfullah Kayalar (1952), former Minister of Finance
- Soner Özbilen (1947), folk singer
- Bozoklu Mustafa Pasha (1693–1694), Ottoman Grand Vizier
- Yusuf Izzet Pasha (1876–1922), Ottoman and Turkish general
- Mehmet Topuz (1983), footballer
- Mehmet Nidâ Tüfekçi (1929–1993), folk singer
- Mehmet Yıldız (1981), footballer
- Nubar Ozanyan (1956-2017), Turkish-born Armenian communist
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- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Yozgat, Turkey". Retrieved 2008-03-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yozgat.|
- District governor's official website (in Turkish)