Yi (Cyrillic)

Yi ї; italics: Ї ї) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Yi is derived from the Greek letter iota with diaeresis.

Cyrillic letter Yi
Phonetic usage:[ji]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

It was the initial variant of the Cyrillic letter Іі, which saw change from two dots to one in 18th century, possibly inspired by similar Latin letter i. Later two variants of the letter separated to become distinct letters in the Ukrainian alphabet.

It is used in the Ukrainian alphabet, the Pannonian Rusyn alphabet, and the Prešov Rusyn alphabet of Slovakia, where it represents the iotated vowel sound /ji/, like the pronunciation of yea in "yeast". As the historical variant of the Cyrillic Іі it represented ether /i/ (as i in lider) or /j/ (as y in yen).

In various romanization systems, ї is represented by Roman ji, yi, i, or even ï, but the most common is yi.

It was formerly also used in the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet in the late 1700s and early 1800s, where it represented the sound /j/; in this capacity, it was introduced by Dositej Obradović but eventually replaced with the modern letter ј by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić.[1][2]

In Ukrainian, the letter was introduced as part of the Zhelekhivka orthography, in Yevhen Zhelekhivsky's Ukrainian–German dictionary (2 volumes, 1885–6).

Computing codes

CharacterЇї
Unicode nameCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YICYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode1031U+04071111U+0457
UTF-8208 135D0 87209 151D1 97
Numeric character referenceЇЇїї
KOI8-U183B7167A7
Code page 8551418D1408C
Code page 866244F4245F5
Windows-1251175AF191BF
ISO-8859-5167A7247F7
Macintosh Cyrillic186BA187BB

References

  1. Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
  2. Karadžić, Vuk Stefanović. Pismenica serbskoga iezika, po govoru prostoga narod’a, 1814.
  • The dictionary definition of Ї at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of ї at Wiktionary
  • Ager, Simon. "Ruthenian (Rusyn/Русин)". Omniglot: the online encyclopedia of writing systems & languages. Retrieved 11 Apr 2012.
  • Ager, Simon. "Ukrainian (Українська)". Omniglot: the online encyclopedia of writing systems & languages. Retrieved 11 Apr 2012.
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