Xylenol orange

Xylenol orange is an organic reagent, most commonly used as a tetrasodium salt as an indicator for metal titrations. When used for metal titrations, it will appear red in the titrand and become yellow once it reaches its endpoint. Historically, commercial preparations of it have been notoriously impure,[1] sometimes consisting of as little as 20% xylenol orange, and containing large amounts of semi-xylenol orange and iminodiacetic acid. Purities as high as 90% are now available.

Xylenol orange
Names
IUPAC name
3,3′-Bis[N,N-bis(carboxymethyl)aminomethyl]-o-cresolsulfonephthalein tetrasodium salt
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.015.049
EC Number
  • 216-553-8
Properties
C31H32N2O13S
Molar mass 672.66 g·mol−1
Melting point 195 °C (383 °F; 468 K)
200 mg/mL
Hazards
R-phrases (outdated) R10, R20, R21, R22, R36, R38
S-phrases (outdated) (S1/2), S26, S27, S28, S62, S63
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
1
2
2
Flash point > 93 °C (199 °F; 366 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YN ?)
Infobox references

References

  1. Gay, Craig; Collins, James; Gebicki, Janusz M. (1999), "Determination of Iron in Solutions with the Ferric–Xylenol Orange Complex", Analytical Biochemistry, 273 (2): 143–148, doi:10.1006/abio.1999.4207


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