XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal

The XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal (Portuguese: XXI Governo Constitucional de Portugal) is the 21st cabinet of the Portuguese government since the establishment of the current constitution. It was established on 26 November 2015 as a Socialist Party (PS) minority government led by Prime Minister António Costa.

XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal

cabinet of Portugal
António Costa in 2014
Date formed26 November 2015 (2015-11-26)
Date dissolved26 October 2019 (2019-10-26) (3 years and 11 months)
People and organisations
President of the Portuguese RepublicAníbal Cavaco Silva, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Prime MinisterAntónio Costa (PS)
Prime Minister's historyFormer Portuguese Government minister
Former Mayor of Lisbon
Appointed by President Aníbal Cavaco Silva on 24 November 2015
No. of ministers18 (17 ministers plus the Prime Minister)
Status in legislatureSocialist Party (PS) minority government,
supported (confidence and supply) by
Left Bloc (BE), Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and Ecologist Party "The Greens" (PEV)
Opposition parties
History
Election(s)Portuguese legislative election, 2015
PredecessorXX Constitutional Government
SuccessorXXII Constitutional Government

Background

After the 2015 legislative election had resulted in a hung parliament, the leader of the Portugal Ahead alliance (PPD/PSD.CDS–PP), then Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho was given the task of forming a new government. However, as his minority government failed to secure support by any other party, notably the Socialist, the Government Programme was rejected by a vote of 123 to 107 deputies, leading to the government's disbandment within less than a month.[1]

In the meantime, Socialist Party secretary-general António Costa had succeeded in securing support for a Socialist minority government by the Left Bloc (B.E.), the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and the Ecologist Party "The Greens" (PEV), in a confidence and supply agreement. Subsequently, he was appointed as the new Prime Minister on 24 November 2015.[2] The cabinet members took their oath of office on 26 November 2015.

Composition

Minister Incumbent Party Term
Prime Minister António Costa Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – present
Foreign Affairs Augusto Santos Silva Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – present
Premiership and Administrative Modernization Maria Manuel Leitão Marques Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 18 February 2019
Mariana Viera da Silva Socialist Party 18 February 2019 - present
Finance Mário Centeno Independent 26 November 2015 – present
National Defence José Alberto Azeredo Lopes Independent 26 November 201512 October 2018
João Gomes Cravinho Independent 15 October 2018 – present
Internal Administration Constança Urbano de Sousa Independent 26 November 201518 October 2017
Eduardo Cabrita Socialist Party 21 October 2017 – present
Justice Francisca Van Dunem Independent 26 November 2015 – present
Deputy Minister

(position abolished)

Eduardo Cabrita Socialist Party 26 November 201521 October 2017
Pedro Siza Vieira Socialist Party 21 October 2017 – present
Deputy Minister and Economy Pedro Siza Vieira Socialist Party 15 October 2018 - present
Culture João Soares Socialist Party 26 November 20158 April 2016
Luís Filipe Castro Mendes Independent 14 April 201615 October 2018
Graça Fonseca Socialist Party 15 October 2018 – present
Science, Technology and Higher Education Manuel Heitor Independent 26 November 2015 – present
Education Tiago Brandão Rodrigues Independent 26 November 2015 – present
Labour, Solidarity and Social Security José António Vieira da Silva Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – present
Health Adalberto Campos Fernandes Independent 26 November 201515 October 2018
Marta Temido Independent 15 October 2018 – present
Planning and Infrastructure

(position abolished)

Pedro Marques Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – 18 February 2019
Planning Nelson de Souza Socialist Party 18 February 2019 - present
Infrastructure and Housing Pedro Nuno Santos Socialist Party 18 February 2019 - present
Economy

(position abolished)

Manuel Caldeira Cabral Independent 26 November 201515 October 2018
Environment

(position abolished)

João Pedro Matos Fernandes Independent 26 November 2015 – 15 October 2018
Environment and Energy Transition João Pedro Matos Fernandes Independent 15 October 2018 – present
Agriculture Luís Capoulas Santos Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – present
Sea Ana Paula Vitorino Socialist Party 26 November 2015 – present

References

  1. Angelique Chrisafis (10 November 2015). "Portuguese MPs force minority government to quit over austerity". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  2. "Presidente da República indicou Secretário-Geral do PS para Primeiro-Ministro" (in Portuguese). Presidência da República. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
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