XL Ranch

The XL Ranch is an Indian reservation located in Modoc County, north of Burney, California.[1]

It is home to the Pit River Tribe, a federally recognized tribe, which includes 9 bands of Achomawi Indians[2] and 2 bands of Atsugewi Indians.

The XL Ranch is sometimes known as XL Rancheria, XL Ranch Indian Reservation, or X-L Ranch Reservation.

The reservation was established in 1938 and is 9,255 acres (3,745 ha).[2] Approximately 40 tribal members live on the reservation.[1]


The band traditionally spoke the Achumawi and Atsugewi languages, which are closely related. They are part of the Palaihnihan branch of the Hokan language family.[1] Some members of XL Ranch speak the Northern Paiute language, a Western Numic language of the Uto-Aztecan language family.[3]


The Pit River Indian Tribe is headquartered in Burney, California.[4]

Tribal members often find employment in logging and hay ranching.[2]

In 2015, federal agents busted a large marijuana grow. The grow had been started in partnership with a Canadian company, but was disputed between the two direct descendants of the Pit River tribe, siblings Phillip Del Rosa and Wendy Del Rosa. [5] [6]


  1. "California Indians and Their Reservations." San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2009 (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
  2. Pritzker, 177
  3. "Northern Paiute." Four Directions Institute. (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
  4. "California Indian Tribe." 500 Nations. (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
  5. http://lostcoastoutpost.com/2015/jul/8/monster-pot-raid-tribal-territory-modoc-county-mor/
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)


  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.

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