Wuxi railway station

Wuxi railway station (simplified Chinese: 无锡站; traditional Chinese: 無錫站; pinyin: Wúxī zhàn) is a railway station of Jinghu railway and Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway, located in Chong'an District, Wuxi, Jiangsu. The station was initially opened in 1906,[1],and became the most important train station in Wuxi. Wuxi Metro Line 1, opened in July 2014 and the Line 3 that is still under construction has a stop here.

Wuxi

无锡

South Station Building

North station building
LocationChong'an District, Wuxi, Jiangsu
China
Coordinates31°35′21″N 120°18′3″E
Operated byShanghai Railway Bureau,
China Railway Corporation
Line(s)Jinghu railway,
Shanghai-Nanjing Intercity Railway
Platforms4
Other information
Station code
  • TMIS code: 30497
  • Telegraph code: WXH
  • Pinyin code: WXI
ClassificationTop Class station
History
Opened1906

History

First Generation

Japanese occupation army on the platform of Wuxi/Wusih Station, December 1937

Wuxi Railways Station was opened its operation after the completion of Wuxi–Nanxiang section of Shanghai–Nanjing railway. The station was the second-class station, with a station buliding of 275 square meters and 2 platforms. There were 2 trains daily.[2][3][4]:223 In 1907, Wuxi–Changzhou section began operation. There was a proposal to construct a railway to Huzhou, Zhejiang via Yixing, Liyang, Guangde at the time, but the proposal was refused by the Beiyang government.[5]:340

Wuxi Railway Station was in the middle of the Shanghai-Nanjing Railway. Since its importance in transportation, it was upgraded to the first-class station in 1929. During spring of 1935, the railway operator opened a special "plum blossom-sightseeing" train to Shanghai.[6]:675–676 Until 1937, Wuxi station was the biggest station on Shanghai-Nanjing Railway in Wuxi, and the fasted train to Shanghai takes 2 hours and 22 minutes.[7] A new track was constructed in 1942 under the Japanese-controlled Central China Railway.[4]:223

Second Generation

The station was severely devastated during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Nationalist government took over the station in November 1945 after the surrender of Japan. At the time the station has 40 trains per day, and the daily ridership exceeds 20,000, which was 2 times before the war. Starting August 1948, the renovation project of the Wuxi Station started, the new station building was designed by a foreign architect, with a length of 51.35 meters, depth of 19.80 meters and the total size of 1016.73 square meters.[6]:676[2] The new station building was completed in April 1949, meanwhile,[4]:222 the existing 2 platform was extended to 268.2 meters in length and canopies over the platform were constructed.[4]:223[6]:668

The PLA occupied Wuxi on April 23, 1949, and the rail service was suspended until May 27. Between March to December 1957, the railway operator constructed new tracks and canopies at the station's freight yard; and it also renovated the station yard and station square in 1956. In 1958, 2 new track was constructed due to the growth in industry in Wuxi.[6]:670

The station renovated the station building in April 1962. During this renovation, a restaurant located on the mezzanine of the station was destructed; the roof of the station building was maintained and a new exit was added. A new waiting room of 1840 square meters located west of the existing station building was started its construction in June 1969. In 1971, the tracks to South Gate Freight Yard was duplicated, existing canopies on the platforms were renovated, and there is an underground of 25 meters in length, 4 meters in width and 2.6 meters in heights was constructed also.[6]:670

Third Generation

The station building after 1988 renovation
The waiting room 1 of the station building
A train on platform 3 (2008)

Shanghai Railway Bureau and the Municipality Government of Wuxi reached an agreement on the reconstruction of the station building in 1978.[2] In 1982, the annual revenue of the station, including passenger and freight service, reached 100.96 million yuan, which made the station one of the 4 stations that reached an annual income of 100 million (Yi) of the Shanghai Railway Bureau.[1] As the part of the transition construction, a new ticket office of 512 square meters was constructed during November 1981 and June 1982, a new signal house was constructed in 1983 and a temporary waiting room was built in the station square in 1985, 6 ticket counters were added in the same year; meanwhile, the freight services of carload lots were moved to South Gate Freight Yard.[6]:671

The reconstruction of the station building ultimately started in 1988 and finished on January 25, 1989. The new station occupied the size of 12500 square meters, with 4 waiting rooms inside. The station yard has 3 platforms and 6 tracks, with the effective lengths of 650 meters each. Each platform has a width of 12 meters, with the 480-long canopy covered over.[8] The station building and the platforms were connected by a flyover and 2 exit undergrounds.[4]:223

In the 1990s, the station has 80 trains per day and the maximum daily ridership of 38,000 people. In 1999, it was upgraded to the top-class station, which was the only station on Shanghai–Nanjing railway except for Shanghai railway station.[9][10]

The Municipal Government of Wuxi invest money to renovate the south station square in September 2002,[11] which makes it one of the three large urban transformation projects of Wuxi in the 21st century along with Taihu Avenue and Taihu Plaza.[12] The facade of the south station building was renovated in 2004.[1]

The Non-stop express Z1 and 2 between Beijing and Shanghai added Wuxi Railway Station as the only intermediate stop on July 1, 2005.[13] The electrification construction of the station yard started in 2006, the existing flyover was reconstructed to allow enough space for installing overhead line below.[14] Two platforms were uplifted to "high" at the beginning of 2007.[15] In April 18, after the Sixth Speed Up Campaign, the station began the operation of D-series train on Beijing–Shanghai railway, and had 2 D-trains to Shanghai.[16] On October 21, 2008, Wuxi station is the only intermediate stop for the first EMU Sleeper train D301/2 of China Railway.[17]

North Station Building Construction and Comprehensive Revonation

The south station building and conventional yard under renovation (June 2018)

CR Siyuan Design Group and Wuxi Plan and Design Institute made a comprehensive plan of the Wuxi Railway Station in 2006. The plan revealed that the with the construction of the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway, the station would have a new Intercity-yard, north station building and a transportation hub consist of bus and metro in Zhoushanbang, which was located north to the existing station.[18][19] The north station building serves the intercity railway was opened in July 1, 2010,[20] and formed a transportation hub of 225 mu with the long-distance coach station, local bus terminal and the metro station.[21]

The Municipal Government of Wuxi planned to have a comprehensive Renovation of the Wuxi Station right after the completion of the north station building. The Renovation consisted of the construction of the south station building of 41,000 square meters and the construction of the column-less canopy over the conventional train platforms.[22] However, the renovation of the south station building (and the conventional yard) was unable to be started right after the opening of the north station yard, which made the station had two parts that were relatively individual to each other and caused confusion to passengers.[23] In 2012, the planning department modified the comprehensive renovation plan to "renovate the south station building and construct ordinary canopies over the conventional train platforms" due to the consideration of the budgets.[24]

The comprehensive renovation of the south station was officially started in May 2016, some of the conventional trains stopped its passenger services at Wuxi Railway Station.[25] On September 8, the flyover over the conventional yard was started to tear down.[26] The renovation of the conventional yard were started afterward by the order of south to north: platform 1 and 2 was re-opened on July 18, 2018, and the southern part of the new waiting room that is above the conventional yard tracks was opened on February 6.[27][28] The entire renovation was completed on December 10, 2018.[29] Plus, a new ticket counters located on the first floor of the north station building were oepend on May 20, 2017.[30]

Station Layout

Overview of the station
Waiting Room over the tracks
Underground outside the paid area between the north and south square

Wuxi Railway Station has two parts: the southern part serving the conventional Beijing–Shanghai railway, and the northern part serving the Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway.[31] Two parts of the station were connected by a flyover and underground tunnels.[29]

Station Building

Wuxi Railway Station has two station buildings connected by an elevated waiting room over the tracks. The passenger flow within the station follows the principle of "Departure up, Arrival down".[32] The entire size of the waiting room reaches 18,000 square meters, the area above the track are 6,000 square meters. It can afford the daily ridership of 120,000 passengers.[29][33]

South Station Building

Entrance of the south station building
South Entrance to the Elevated waiting room

The south station building of Wuxi Railway Station was constructed in 1988, with renovations in connection area and facade in 2002 and 2004. It has the length in 140 meters and height in 22.8 meters.[1] The south station building had an interior re-decorations in 2017 during the comprehensive renovation. The ticket room was located on the west side of the station building, with 11 counters and 13 ticket terminals; there is another ticketing area with terminals only on the east side of the building. The entrance is located in the center of the south station building. Under the door awning is the security area with 4 lines. The former waiting rooms of the south station building after the renovation becomes the spare area of the lower-east hall and lower-west hall. The B1 floor is the arrival area with several stores, there are 10 ticket gates in the south exit.[29] In the south station square, the drop-off area was in the eastern part, while the bus terminal is located on the both side.[34]

The calligraphy station name sign hangs in the south station was written by a local artist Wang Jihe. He wrote the name for free under the request by the construction people in 1987 during the reconstruction of the third generation of the station building. He also wrote the sign of "Exit", "Question area" and "Ticket Area" except for the station name. Then his works were transformed to 2.5×2.5-meter ceramic pieces for each character by Yixing Factory of Fine Pottery and hung on the station building. The signs were changed to brass-made material in 2001. After the facade renovation of 2005, the signs were replaced by the computer fonts and caused the controversies among local citizens, then the station re-produced the calligraphy signs with English names using acrylic glass afterward.[35][36] The calligraphy sign is still placed on the south station building, making contrast to the signs in SimLi in the north station building.

North Station Building

North Station building near Xingchang Road
Boarding gates

The north station building was opened in 2010, and the part of the transportation hub Wuxi Central Station, operates between 6:00 and 23:00. The departure was located on the third floor, which consists of a ticket room and the entrance. The ticket room has a size of 200 square meters, 13 counters and 10 ticket terminals.[37] The north station and the elevated waiting room was connected by a flyover over the Xingchang Road.[20] The exit was located on the -1 Floor.[38] There is an additional ticket room located on the first floor opened in 2017 to release the lines of the 3rd floor ticket room. The new ticket room has the size of 1,000 square meters, 10 ticket terminals and 8 pick-up terminals.[30]

Platforms

"Platform 0" of Wuxi Railway Station
Platform 1, inbound mainline and the elevated platform above
Platform 3, 4 of the Conventional Yard
Platforms of the Intercity Yard
Platforms of the both conventional and intercity yard
G7111 on the platform 9 of intercity yard

Wuxi Railway Station has "Conventional Train Yard" and "Intercity Yard". The conventional yard as Beijing–Shanghai railway passing by, with 4 platforms and 7 tracks. The conventional yard has 4 platforms (including 1 side platform and 3 island platforms) numbered as 0 to 5 covered by 4 550-meter-long canopies.[29] Intercity yard has 3 platforms and 7 tracks, including 2 mainlines and 5 tracks for passenger services. It has 2 island platforms and 1 side platform number from 6 to 10.

In addition, there is a dead-end track located beside the platform 1 of the conventional yard numbered as "platform 0", this track were used for trains departing here for Shanghai direction, currently, it is only for turnaround trains. The conventional trains used to have industrial lines to Building Material Company, Resin Factory, the Industrial Line to Building Material Company has branches to storage.[6]:673 Those industrial lines were demolished after the construction of the Intercity yard.

Side platform
Platform 10 Huning HSR to Shanghai direction (Wuxi New Area)
Platform 9 Huning HSR to Shanghai direction (Wuxi New Area)
Island platform
Platform 8 Huning HSR to Shanghai direction (Wuxi New Area)
Mainline Huning HSR Outbound passing trains
Mainline Huning HSR Inbound passing trains
Platform 7 Huning HSR to Nanjing direction (Huishan)
Island platform
Platform 6 Huning HSR to Nanjing direction (Huishan)
Platform 5 Jinghu Railway to Shanghai direction (Wuxi South)
Island platform
Platform 4 Jinghu Railway to Shanghai direction (Wuxi South)
Mainline Jinghu Railway Ountound passing trains
Island platform
Platform 3 Jinghu Railway to Shanghai direction (Wuxi South)
Platform 2 Jinghu Railway to Beijing direction (Wuxi North)
Island platform
Mainline Jinghu Railway Inbound passing trains
Platform 1 Jinghu Railway to Beijing direction (Wuxi North)
Side platform

0

Metro station

Wuxi Railway Station

无锡火车站
LocationChong'an District, Wuxi, Jiangsu
China
Operated byWuxi Metro Corporation
Line(s)
  •      Line 1
  •      Line 3 (under construction)
Platforms2 (1 island platform)
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Other information
Station codeL108
History
Opened1 July 2014
Services
Preceding station   Wuxi Metro   Following station
toward Yanqiao
Line 1
toward Nanfangquan

Wuxi railway station is served by a station of the same name on Line 1 of Wuxi Metro. It started operations on 1 July 2014.[39]

Station Layout

B1
Station Hall
Exits
Service Center, Top Up Center for Citizen Card, Ticket vending machine, Elevator, Toilet, Shops
B2 West towards Sumiao
Island Platform, doors will open on the left
Escalator (To B3  Line 1 platform)
East towards Wuxi Airport
B3 North towards Yanqiao
Island Platform, doors will open on the left
Escalator (To B2  Line 3 platform)
South towards Changguangxi

Exits

There are four exits for this station.

References

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  2. "印记 你好,我是无锡站,今年112岁……". 搜狐网. 2018-04-28.
  3. "历时31个月,铁路无锡站改造竣工投用 形成"一站两场"时代". 无锡新传媒. 2018-12-11.
  4. 上海铁路局志. 中国铁道出版社. 2004. ISBN 9787113053802.
  5. 丁日初主编 (1997). 《上海近代经济史》第二卷. 上海人民出版社. ISBN 7208024375.
  6. 無錫市地方誌編纂委員會 (1995). 《無錫市志》第一冊. 江蘇人民出版社. ISBN 9787535126610.
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  9. "火车站一下纳入5个车站的管辖范围 从10多公里扩展至近50公里——无锡枢纽城市地位再提升". 无锡日报. 2004-01-08.
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  12. "40年城市建设破茧成蝶". 无锡新媒体. 2018-07-08.
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  32. "本月15日 火车站南北高架候车室主体将贯通". 无锡日报. 2018-08-10.
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  39. 五个地铁站个个有亮点 记者探访地铁1号线城中车站
Preceding station   China Railway   Following station
Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway
towards Nanjing
Wuxi North
towards Beijing
Beijing–Shanghai Railway
Wuxi South
towards Shanghai
Preceding station   Wuxi Metro   Following station
toward Yanqiao
Line 1
toward Nanfangquan
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