Wrapped asymmetric Laplace distribution
In probability theory and directional statistics, a wrapped asymmetric Laplace distribution is a wrapped probability distribution that results from the "wrapping" of the asymmetric Laplace distribution around the unit circle. For the symmetric case (asymmetry parameter κ = 1), the distribution becomes a wrapped Laplace distribution. The distribution of the ratio of two circular variates (Z) from two different wrapped exponential distributions will have a wrapped asymmetric Laplace distribution. These distributions find application in stochastic modelling of financial data.
Probability density function
Wrapped asymmetric Laplace PDF with m = 0.Note that the κ = 2 and 1/2 curves are mirror images about θ=π
The probability density function of the wrapped asymmetric Laplace distribution is:
where is the asymmetric Laplace distribution. The angular parameter is restricted to . The scale parameter is which is the scale parameter of the unwrapped distribution and is the asymmetry parameter of the unwrapped distribution.
The characteristic function of the wrapped asymmetric Laplace is just the characteristic function of the asymmetric Laplace function evaluated at integer arguments:
which yields an alternate expression for the wrapped asymmetric Laplace PDF in terms of the circular variable z=ei(θ-m) valid for all real θ and m:
In terms of the circular variable the circular moments of the wrapped asymmetric Laplace distribution are the characteristic function of the asymmetric Laplace distribution evaluated at integer arguments:
The first moment is then the average value of z, also known as the mean resultant, or mean resultant vector:
The mean angle is
and the length of the mean resultant is
The circular variance is then 1 − R
Generation of random variates
If X is a random variate drawn from an asymmetric Laplace distribution (ALD), then will be a circular variate drawn from the wrapped ALD, and, will be an angular variate drawn from the wrapped ALD with .
Since the ALD is the distribution of the difference of two variates drawn from the exponential distribution, it follows that if Z1 is drawn from a wrapped exponential distribution with mean m1 and rate λ/κ and Z2 is drawn from a wrapped exponential distribution with mean m2 and rate λκ, then Z1/Z2 will be a circular variate drawn from the wrapped ALD with parameters ( m1 - m2 , λ, κ) and will be an angular variate drawn from that wrapped ALD with .
- Jammalamadaka, S. Rao; Kozubowski, Tomasz J. (2004). "New Families of Wrapped Distributions for Modeling Skew Circular Data" (PDF). Communications in Statistics – Theory and Methods. 33 (9): 2059–2074. doi:10.1081/STA-200026570. Retrieved 2011-06-13.