World record progression 200 metres backstroke

This is a history of the progression of the world record for the 200-meter backstroke event. It is a listing of the fastest-time-ever swum in the event, in both long course (50-meter) and short course (25-meter) swimming pools. These records are maintained/recognized by FINA, which oversees international competitive swimming and aquatics.

The long course records are historically older than the short course records; the latter having only been recognized since the early 1990s.

Men

Long course

Old regulations

No Time Name Nationality Date Location
1 3'04"4 Oscar Schiele Germany 27 June 1909 Berlin, Germany[1]
2 2'59"8 George Arnold Germany 3 January 1910 Magdeburg, Germany
3 2'56"4 Maurice Wechesser  Belgium 18 October 1910 Schaerbeek, Belgium
4 2'50"6 Hermann Pentz Germany 11 March 1911 Magdeburg, Germany
5 2'48"4 Otto Fahr Germany 3 April 1912 Magdeburg, Germany
6 2'47"1 Walter Laufer  United States 24 June 1926 Bremen, Germany[2]
7 2'44"9 Walter Laufer  United States 11 July 1926 Nuremberg, Germany
8 2'38"8 Walter Laufer  United States 13 July 1926 Magdeburg, Germany[3][4]
9 2'37"8 Toshio Irie  Japan 14 October 1928 Tamagawa, Japan[5]
10 2'32"2 George Kojac  United States 16 June 1930 New Haven, United States
11 2'27"8 Al Vande Weghe  United States 30 August 1934 Honolulu, Hawaii
12 2'24"0 Adolph Kiefer  United States 11 April 1935 Chicago, United States
13 2'23"0 Adolph Kiefer  United States 23 May 1941 Honolulu, Hawaii
14 2'22"9 Harry Holiday  United States 18 May 1943 Detroit, United States
15 2'19"3 Adolph Kiefer  United States 4 March 1944 Annapolis, United States
16 2'18"5 Allen Stack  United States 4 May 1949 New Haven, United States
17 2'18"3 Gilbert Bozon  France 26 June 1953 Algiers, Algeria

New regulations

# Time NameNationalityDateMeetLocation Ref
2:18.5 Allen Stack United States 4 May 1949- New Haven, United States [6][7]
2:18.3 Gilbert Bozon France 26 June 1953- Algiers, Algeria [6]
2:18.8 John Monckton Australia 15 January 1958- Sydney, Australia [6]
2:18.4 John Monckton Australia 18 February 1958- Melbourne, Australia [6]
2:17.9 Frank McKinney United States 12 July 1959- Los Altos, United States [6][8]
2:17.8 Frank McKinney United States 25 July 1959- Osaka, Japan [6][9]
2:17.6 Chuck Bittick United States 26 June 1960- Los Angeles, United States [6]
2:16.0 Tom Stock United States 24 July 1960- Toledo, United States [6]
2:13.2 Tom Stock United States 2 July 1961- Chicago, United States [6]
2:11.5 Tom Stock United States 20 August 1961- Los Angeles, United States [6]
2:10.9 Tom Stock United States 10 August 1962- Cuyahoga Falls, United States [6]
2:10.3 Jed Graef United States 13 October 19641964 Summer Olympics Tokyo, Japan [6]
2:09.4 Charles Hickcox United States 29 August 19671967 Summer Universiade Tokyo, Japan [6]
2:07.9 Roland Matthes East Germany 8 November 1967- Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:07.5 Roland Matthes East Germany 14 August 1968GDR Olympic Trials Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:07.4 Roland Matthes East Germany 12 July 1969Santa Clara Invitational Santa Clara, United States [6][10]
2:06.6 Gary Hall United States 14 August 1969AAU Nationals Louisville, United States [6]
2:06.6 =Roland Matthes East Germany 29 August 1969- Berlin, West Germany [6]
2:06.3 Mike Stamm United States 20 August 1970AAU Nationals Los Angeles, United States [6]
2:06.1 Roland Matthes East Germany 11 September 1970European Championships Barcelona, Spain [6]
2:05.6 Roland Matthes East Germany 3 September 1971GDR vs USA Duel Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:02.8 Roland Matthes East Germany 10 July 1972GDR Olympic Trials Leipzig, East Germany [6]
2:02.82 =Roland Matthes East Germany 2 September 19721972 Summer Olympics Munich, West Germany [6]
2:01.87 Roland Matthes East Germany 6 September 1973World Championships Belgrade, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia [6]
2:00.64 John Naber United States 19 June 1976USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, United States [6]
1:59.19 John Naber United States 24 July 19761976 Summer Olympics Montreal, Canada [6]
1:58.93 Rick Carey United States 3 August 19831983 U.S. Summer Nationals Clovis, United States [6][11]
1:58.86 Rick Carey United States 27 June 19841984 U.S. Olympic Trials Indianapolis, United States [6]
1:58.41 Sergei Zabolotnov Soviet Union 21 August 1984Friendship Games Moscow, Soviet Union [6]
1:58.14 Igor Polyansky Soviet Union 3 March 1985GDR vs URS Duel Erfurt, East Germany [6]
1:57.30 Martin Zubero Spain 13 August 19911991 U.S. Summer Nationals Fort Lauderdale, United States [6][12]
1:56.57 Martin Zubero Spain 23 November 1991Alabama LC Invitational Tuscaloosa, United States [6][13]
1:55.87 Lenny Krayzelburg United States 27 August 19991999 Pan Pacific Championships Sydney, Australia [6]
1:55.15 Aaron Peirsol United States 20 March 2002U.S. Spring Nationals Minneapolis, United States [6]
1:54.74 Aaron Peirsol United States 12 July 2004USA Olympic Trials Long Beach, United States [6]
1:54.66 Aaron Peirsol United States 29 July 20052005 World Championships Montreal, Canada [6]
1:54.44 Aaron Peirsol United States 19 August 20062006 Pan Pacific Championships Victoria, Canada
1:54.32 Ryan Lochte United States 30 March 20072007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia
1:54.32 =Aaron Peirsol United States 4 July 20082008 U.S. Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
1:53.94 Ryan Lochte United States 15 August 20082008 Summer Olympics Beijing, China
1:53.08 Aaron Peirsol United States 11 July 20092009 U.S. Summer Nationals Indianapolis, United States
1:51.92 Aaron Peirsol United States 31 July 20092009 World Championships Rome, Italy
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course

# Time NameNationalityDateMeetLocation Ref
WBT 1:55.93 Mark Tewksbury Canada 1 March 1991? Toronto, Canada
01 1:52.51 Martin Lopez-Zubero Spain 10 April 1991? Gainesville, United States [14]
02 1:52.47 Lenny Krayzelburg United States 18 November 1999World Cup meet College Park, United States [15]
03 1:52.43 Lenny Krayzelburg United States 6 February 2000World Cup meet Berlin, Germany [16]
04 1:51.62 Matt Welsh Australia 13 October 2000? Melbourne, Australia
05 1:51.62 =Gordan Kožulj Croatia 21 January 2001? Berlin, Germany
06 1:51.17 Aaron Peirsol United States 7 April 2002Short Course Worlds Moscow, Russia
07 1:50.52 Aaron Peirsol United States 11 October 2004Short Course Worlds Indianapolis, United States
08 1:50.43 Markus Rogan Austria 8 December 2005Short Course Europeans Trieste, Italy
09 1:49.05 Ryan Lochte United States 9 April 2006Short Course Worlds Shanghai, China
10 1:47.84 Markus Rogan Austria 13 April 2008Short Course Worlds Manchester, United Kingdom
11 1:47.08 George Du Rand South Africa 7 November 2009World Cup meet Moscow, Russia
12 1:46.11 Arkady Vyatchanin Russia 15 November 2009World Cup meet Berlin, Germany
13 1:45.63 Mitch Larkin Australia 27 November 2015Australian Championships Sydney, Australia [17]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women

Long course

Old Regulations

No Time Name Nationality Date Location
1 3'06"8 Sybil Bauer  United States 4 July 1922 Brighton Beach, United States
2 3'03"8 Sybil Bauer  United States 9 February 1924 Miami, United States
3 2'59"2 Marie Braun  Netherlands 24 November 1928 Brussels, Belgium
4 2'58"8 Eleanor Holm  United States 1 February 1930 Buffalo, United States
5 2'58"2 Eleanor Holm  United States 1 March 1930 New York City, United States
6 2'50"4 Phyllis Harding  United Kingdom 19 September 1932 Wallasey, United Kingdom
7 2'49"6 Rie Mastenbroek  Netherlands 20 January 1935 Amsterdam, Netherlands
8 2'48"7 Eleanor Holm  United States 3 March 1936 Toledo, United States
9 2'44"6 Nida Senff  Netherlands 2 February 1937 Amsterdam, Netherlands
10 2'41"3 Ragnhild Hveger  Denmark 14 February 1937 Århus, Denmark
11 2'41"0 Cor Kint  Netherlands 17 April 1938 Århus, Denmark
12 2'40"6 Iet van Feggelen  Netherlands 26 October 1938 Düsseldorf, Germany
13 2'39"0 Iet van Feggelen  Netherlands 18 December 1938 Amsterdam, Netherlands
14 2'38"8 Cor Kint  Netherlands 29 November 1939 Rotterdam, Netherlands
15 2'35"3 Geertje Wielema  Netherlands 2 April 1950 Hilversum, Netherlands

New Regulations

# Time NameNationalityDateMeetLocation Ref
01 2:39.9 Philippa Gould New Zealand 16 Jan 1957? Auckland, New Zealand [18]
02 2:38.5 Lenie de Nijs Netherlands 17 May 1957? Blackpool, United Kingdom
03 2:37.4 Chris von Saltza USA 1 Aug 1958? Topeka, United States
04 2:37.1 Satoko Tanaka Japan 12 Jul 1959? Tokyo, Japan
05 2:34.8 Satoko Tanaka Japan 2 Apr 1960? Tokyo, Japan
06 2:33.5 Lynn Burke USA 15 Jul 1960? Indianapolis, United States
07 2:33.3 Satoko Tanaka Japan 23 Jul 1960? Tokyo, Japan
08 2:33.2 Satoko Tanaka Japan 30 Jul 1961? Tokyo, Japan
09 2:32.1 Satoko Tanaka Japan 3 Jun 1962? Beppu, Japan
10 2:31.6 Satoko Tanaka Japan 29 Jul 1962? Osaka, Japan
11 2:29.6 Satoko Tanaka Japan 10 Feb 1963? Sydney, Australia
12 2:28.9 Satoko Tanaka Japan 18 Feb 1963? Perth, Australia
13 2:28.5 Satoko Tanaka Japan 21 Feb 1963? Perth, Australia
14 2:28.2 Satoko Tanaka Japan 4 Aug 1963? Tokyo, Japan
15 2:27.4 Cathy Ferguson USA 28 Sep 1964? Los Angeles, United States
16 2:27.1 Karen Muir South Africa 25 Jul 1966? Béziers, France
17 2:26.4 Karen Muir South Africa 18 Aug 1966? Lincoln, United States
18 2:24.4 Elaine Tanner Canada 26 Jul 1967Pan American Games Winnipeg, Canada
19 2:24.1 Karen Muir South Africa 6 Jan 1968? Kimberley, South Africa
20 2:23.8 Karen Muir South Africa 21 Jul 1968? Los Angeles, United States
21 2:21.5 Susie Atwood USA 14 Aug 1969AAU Nationals Louisville, United States
22 2:20.64 Melissa Belote USA 5 Aug 1972USA Olympic Trials Chicago, United States
23 2:20.58 Melissa Belote USA 4 Sep 1972Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
24 2:19.19 Melissa Belote USA 4 Sep 1972Olympic Games Munich, West Germany
25 2:18.41 Ulrike Richter East Germany 7 Jul 1974GDR Nationals/ECTs Rostock, East Germany
26 2:17.35 Ulrike Richter East Germany 25 Aug 1974European Championships Vienna, Austria
27 2:16.33 Nancy Garapick Canada 27 Apr 1975Eastern Championships Brantford, Canada
28 2:16.10 Birgit Treiber East Germany 6 Jun 1975GDR Nationals/WCTs Wittenberg, East Germany
29 2:15.46 Birgit Treiber East Germany 27 Jul 1975World Championships Cali, Colombia
30 2:14.41 Antje Stille East Germany 29 Feb 1976GDR Winter Nationals East Berlin, East Germany
31 2:13.50 Antje Stille East Germany 13 Mar 1976URS vs GDR Duel Tallinn, Soviet Union
32 2:12.47 Birgit Treiber East Germany 4 Jun 1976GDR Olympic Trials East Berlin, East Germany
33 2:11.93 Linda Jezek USA 28 Aug 1978World Championships West Berlin, West Germany
34 2:11.77 Rica Reinisch East Germany 27 Jul 1980Olympic Games Moscow, Soviet Union
35 2:09.91 Cornelia Sirch East Germany 8 Aug 1982World Championships Guayaquil, Ecuador
36 2:08.60 Betsy Mitchell USA 27 Jun 1986U.S. Swimming World Championship Trials Orlando, United States
37 2:06.62 Krisztina Egerszegi Hungary 25 Aug 1991European Championships Athens, Greece
38 2:06.39 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe 16 Feb 2008USA Grand Prix meet-Missouri Columbia, United States
39 2:06.09 Margaret Hoelzer USA 5 Jul 2008USA Olympic Trials Omaha, United States
40 2:05.24 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe 16 Aug 2008Olympic Games Beijing, China [19]
41 2:04.81 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe 1 Aug 2009World Championships Rome, Italy
42 2:04.06 Missy Franklin USA 3 Aug 20122012 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom
43 2:03.35 sfRegan Smith  United States 26 Jul 2019World Championships Gwangju, South Korea [20]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Short course

# Time NameNationalityDateMeetLocation Ref
WBT ? ? ? ? 1 Mar 1991World Cup Berlin, Germany
01 2:07.11 Anna Simcic New Zealand 1 Feb 1992World Cup Paris, France
02 2:06.09 Cihong He China 5 Dec 1993World Championships Palma de Mallorca, Spain [21]
03 2:05.83 Clementine Stoney Australia 4 Aug 2001Australia Championships Perth, Australia [21]
04 2:04.44 Sara Price Great Britain 5 Aug 2001Australia Championships Perth, Australia [21]
05 2:03.62 Natalie Coughlin USA 27 Nov 2001World Cup East Meadow, United States
06 2:03.24 Reiko Nakamura Japan 23 Feb 2008Japan Open 2008 Tokyo, Japan
07 2:00.91 Kirsty Coventry Zimbabwe 11 Apr 2008World Championships Manchester, United Kingdom
08 2:00.18 Shiho Sakai Japan 14 Nov 2009World Cup Berlin, Germany
09 2:00.03 Missy Franklin USA 22 Oct 2011World Cup Berlin, Germany
10 1:59.23 Katinka Hosszú  Hungary 5 December 2014World Championships Doha, Qatar [22]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial



All-time top 25

Men

  • Correct as of July 2019
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue
1 1:51.92 Aaron Peirsol (USA)31 July 2009Italy
2 1:52.51 Ryosuke Irie (JPN)31 July 2009Italy
3 1:52.96 Ryan Lochte (USA)29 July 2011China
4 1:53.17 Mitch Larkin (AUS)7 November 2015United Arabic Emirates
5 1:53.36 Evgeny Rylov (RUS)8 August 2018Great Britain
6 1:53.41 Tyler Clary (USA)2 August 2012Great Britain
7 1:53.57 Ryan Murphy (USA)9 August 2018Japan
8 1:53.99 Xu Jiayu (CHN)23 August 2018Indonesia
9 1:54.23 Kosuke Hagino (JPN)10 April 2014Japan
10 1:54.24 Radoslaw Kawecki (POL)2 August 2013Spain
11 1:54.59 Nick Thoman (USA)5 August 2009United States
12 1:54.65 Michael Phelps (USA)31 July 2007United States
13 1:54.75 Arkady Vyatchanin (RUS)31 July 2009Italy
14 1:54.77 Jacob Pebley (USA)1 July 2016United States
15 1:54.92 Aschwin Wildeboer (ESP)31 July 2009Italy
16 1:55.14 Kliment Kolesnikov (RUS)28 July 2017Hungary
17 1:55.25 Stanislav Donetc (RUS)30 July 2009Italy
18 1:55.47 Jack Conger (USA)10 July 2013Russia
19 1:55.49 Markus Rogan (AUT)15 August 2008China
20 1:55.53 Li Guangyuan (CHN)8 April 2017China
21 1:55.54 Keita Sunama (JPN)23 August 2018Indonesia
22 1:55.56 Sean Lehane (USA)23 July 2016United States
23 1:55.57 Austin Katz (USA)8 July 2019Italy
24 1:55.58 James Goddard (GBR)4 October 2010India
 Peter Bernek (HUN)28 July 2017Hungary

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 1:55.58:

Women

  • Correct as of July 2019
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue
1 2:03.35 Regan Smith (USA)26 July 2019South Korea
2 2:04.06 Missy Franklin (USA)3 August 2012Great Britain
3 2:04.81 Kirsty Coventry (ZIM)1 August 2009Italy
4 2:04.94 Anastasia Zueva (RUS)1 August 2009Italy
5 2:05.68 Emily Seebohm (AUS)29 July 2017Hungary
6 2:05.72 Margherita Panziera (ITA)6 April 2019Italy
7 2:05.85 Katinka Hosszu (HUN)29 July 2017Hungary
8 2:05.94 Kylie Masse (CAN)5 April 2019Canada
9 2:05.99 Maya DiRado (USA)12 August 2016Brazil
10 2:06.06 Belinda Hocking (AUS)30 July 2011China
11 2:06.09 Margaret Hoelzer (USA)29 June 2008United States
12 2:06.14 Kathleen Baker (USA)9 August 2018Japan
13 2:06.18 Elizabeth Beisel (USA)2 August 2012Great Britain
14 2:06.26 Kaylee McKeown (AUS)27 July 2019South Korea
15 2:06.29 Elizabeth Pelton (USA)25 June 2013United States
16 2:06.36 Taylor Ruck (CAN)2 March 2018United States
17 2:06.46 Zhao Jing (CHN)13 November 2010China
18 2:06.55 Peng Xuwei (CHN)14 October 2017China
19 2:06.62 Krisztina Egerszegi (HUN)25 August 1991Greece
20 2:06.64 Laure Manaudou (FRA)26 April 2008France
21 2:06.66 Gemma Spofforth (GBR)1 August 2009Italy
22 2:06.79 Elizabeth Simmonds (GBR)2 April 2010Great Britain
23 2:06.80 Hilary Caldwell (CAN)3 August 2013Spain
24 2:06.82 Minna Atherton (AUS)14 June 2019Australia
25 2:06.92 Daria Ustinova (RUS)22 April 2016Russia

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 2:06.92:

References

  1. Schwimmen im Kochsee; Berliner Volkszeitung; 29 June 1909; via the European Library
  2. "New World Record". Bluefield Daily Telegraph. 25 June 1926. p. 6. Retrieved June 19, 2016 via Newspapers.com.
  3. Uued ilmarekordid; Waba Maa; 16 July 1926; via the European Library
  4. "LAUFER BREAKS FOURTH SWIM MARK IN GERMANY". The Indianapolis News. 14 July 1926. p. 20. Retrieved June 19, 2016 via Newspapers.com.
  5. Toshio Irie at sports-reference.com
  6. International Swimming Hall of Fame, Current Exhibits, World Records: Men - 200m Backstroke. Archived July 16, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  7. Associated Press, "Sets Swim Record," The Ottawa Journal (May 5, 1949).|Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  8. United Press International, "Paddler Sets Record in Back Event," The Salt Lake Tribune, p. 26 (July 13, 1959). Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  9. Associated Press, "U.S. Swimmers Take Early Lead in Jap Swimming Meet," The Ogden Standard-Examiner, p. 2B (July 26, 1959). Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  10. "Roland Matthes Being Embraced by Opponent in Pool". Corbis Images. July 12, 1969. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  11. "Rick Carey replaces John Naber as 200-meter back record holder," The Tuscaloosa News (August 3, 1983).
  12. Associated Press, "Swimming National Meet: Barrowman, Zubero get world marks," Los Angeles Times (August 14, 1991). Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  13. "200-meter Backstroke record falls to former UF swimmer," Orlando Sentinel (November 25, 1991). Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  14. (scm-m) This Day in Sports History April 10; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  15. (scm-m) Three World Records set at World Cup. Published by Swimming World Magazine on 1999-11-20; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  16. (scm-m) Krayzelburg sets another swim record, Associated Press. Published by the Los Angeles Times on 2000-02-07; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  17. Lord, Craig (November 27, 2015). "Dolphin Mitch Larkin Leaps To 1:45.6 WR 200 Back Not Far Off Free Pace Of The Albatross". Swimvortex. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  18. International Swimming Hall of Fame, Current Exhibits, World Records: Women - 200m Backstroke. Archived July 16, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  19. (lcm-w) "Women's 200m Backstroke: Coventry finally wins gold". Beijing 2008. 2008-08-16. Archived from the original on 2008-08-17. Retrieved 2008-08-16.
  20. "Women's 200m Backstroke Semifinal Results" (PDF). Omega Timing. 26 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  21. (scm-w) Swimming: Price breaks short-course world record, by Astrid Andersson, The Telegraph. Published 2011-08-05; retrieved 2012-04-14.
  22. "Women's 200m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
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