World record progression 100 metres backstroke

This is a history of the 100 m backstroke world record as swum in both long-course (50 m; Olympic) pools and short-course (25 m) pools—the two categories recognized/tracked by FINA.

Men

Long course

Time Swimmer Date Place
1:02.2 David Theile December 6, 1956 Melbourne, Australia
1:01.5 John Monckton February 15, 1958 Melbourne, Australia
1:01.3 Bob Bennett August 19, 1961 Los Angeles, USA
1:01.0 Tom Stock August 11, 1962 Cuyahoga Falls, USA
1:00.9 Tom Stock August 12, 1962 Cuyahoga Falls, USA
1:00.8 Ernst-Joachim Küppers August 28, 1964 Dortmund, West Germany
1:00.0 Thompson Mann September 3, 1964 New York City, USA
59.6 Thompson Mann October 16, 1964 Tokyo, Japan
59.5 Doug Russell August 28, 1967 Tokyo, Japan
59.3 Charlie Hickcox August 28, 1967 Tokyo, Japan
59.1 Charlie Hickcox August 31, 1967 Tokyo, Japan
58.4 Roland Matthes September 21, 1967 Leipzig, East Germany
58.0 Roland Matthes October 26, 1968 Mexico City, Mexico
57.8 Roland Matthes August 23, 1969 Würzburg, West Germany
56.9 Roland Matthes September 8, 1970 Barcelona, Spain
56.7 Roland Matthes September 4, 1971 Leipzig, East Germany
56.3 Roland Matthes April 8, 1972 Moscow, USSR
56.30 Roland Matthes September 4, 1972 Munich, West Germany
56.19 John Naber July 18, 1976 Montreal, Canada
55.49 John Naber July 19, 1976 Montreal, Canada
55.44 Rick Carey August 6, 1983 Clovis, California, USA
55.38 Rick Carey August 6, 1983 Clovis, California, USA
55.19 Rick Carey August 21, 1983 Caracas, Venezuela
55.17 Igor Polyansky March 15, 1988 Tallinn, USSR
55.16 Igor Polyansky March 16, 1988 Tallinn, USSR
55.00 Igor Polyansky July 16, 1988 Moscow, USSR
54.95 David Berkoff August 12, 1988 Austin, Texas, USA
54.91 David Berkoff August 12, 1988 Austin, Texas, USA
54.51 David Berkoff September 24, 1988 Seoul, South Korea
53.93 Jeff Rouse August 25, 1991 Edmonton, Canada
53.86 (r) Jeff Rouse July 31, 1992 Barcelona, Spain
53.60 Lenny Krayzelburg August 24, 1999 Sydney, Australia
53.45 (r) Aaron Peirsol August 21, 2004 Athens, Greece
53.17 Aaron Peirsol April 2, 2005 Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
52.98 Aaron Peirsol March 27, 2007 Melbourne, Australia
52.89 Aaron Peirsol July 1, 2008 Omaha, Nebraska, USA
52.54 Aaron Peirsol August 12, 2008 Beijing, China
52.38 Aschwin Wildeboer July 1, 2009 Pescara, Italy
51.94 Aaron Peirsol July 8, 2009 Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
51.85 (r) Ryan Murphy August 13, 2016 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Short course

Time Swimmer[1] Date Place
52.71 [2] Mark Tewksbury March 16, 1991 Bonn, Germany
52.58 [2] Mark Tewksbury March 29, 1991 Sheffield, Great Britain
52.52[2] Mark Tewksbury February 20, 1992 Winnipeg, Canada
52.50 Mark Tewksbury February 22, 1992 Winnipeg, Canada
51.43 Jeff Rouse April 12, 1993 Sheffield, Great Britain
51.28 Lenny Krayzelburg February 5, 2000 Berlin, Germany[3]
50.75 Neil Walker March 19, 2000 Athens, Greece
50.58 Thomas Rupprath December 8, 2002 Melbourne, Australia
50.32 Peter Marshall March 26, 2004 New York City, United States
49.99 Ryan Lochte April 9, 2006 Shanghai, China
49.94 Peter Marshall November 11, 2008 Stockholm, Sweden
49.63 Peter Marshall November 15, 2008 Berlin, Germany
49.32 Stanislav Donets December 14, 2008 Rijeka, Croatia
49.20 Aschwin Wildeboer December 21, 2008 Madrid, Spain
49.17 Arkady Vyatchanin December 12, 2009 Istanbul, Turkey
48.97 Arkady Vyatchanin
Stanislav Donets
December 13, 2009 Istanbul, Turkey
48.94 (r) Nick Thoman December 18, 2009 Manchester, England
48.92[4] Matt Grevers December 12, 2015 Indianapolis, USA
48.90[5] Kliment Kolesnikov December 22, 2017 Saint Petersburg, RUS
48.88[6] Xu Jiayu November 11, 2018 Tokyo, JPN

Women

Long course

Time Swimmer Date Meet Place
1:07.7 Cathy Ferguson October 14, 1964 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan
1:07.4 Ann Farlie July 23, 1966 Béziers, France
1:07.3 Elaine Tanner July 27, 1967 Winnipeg, Canada
1:07.1 Elaine Tanner July 30, 1967 Winnipeg, Canada
1:06.7 Karen Muir January 30, 1968 Kimberley, South Africa
1:06.4 Karen Muir April 6, 1968 Paris, France
1:06.2 Kaye Hall October 23, 1968 Olympic Games Mexico City, Mexico
1:05.6 Karen Muir July 6, 1969 Utrecht, Netherlands
1:05.39 Ulrike Richter August 18, 1973 Utrecht, Netherlands
1:04.99 (r) Ulrike Richter September 4, 1973 World Championships Belgrade, Yugoslavia
1:04.78 Wendy Cook January 31, 1974 Christchurch, New Zealand
1:04.43 Ulrike Richter July 8, 1974 Rostock, East Germany
1:04.09 Ulrike Richter August 22, 1974 Vienna, Austria
1:03.30 Ulrike Richter August 23, 1974 Vienna, Austria
1:02.98 Ulrike Richter September 1, 1974 Concord, California, USA
1:02.60 Ulrike Richter March 14, 1976 Tallinn, USSR
1:01.62 Kornelia Ender June 3, 1976 Berlin, East Germany
1:01.51 (r) Ulrike Richter June 5, 1976 Berlin, East Germany[7]
1:01.51 (e) Rica Reinisch July 20, 1980 Olympic Games Moscow, USSR
1:01.50 Rica Reinisch July 22, 1980 Olympic Games Moscow, USSR
1:00.86 Rica Reinisch July 23, 1980 Olympic Games Moscow, USSR
1:00.59 (r) Ina Kleber August 24, 1984 Friendship Games Moscow, USSR
1:00.31 Krisztina Egerszegi August 22, 1991 European Championships Athens, Greece
1:00.16 (r) He Cihong September 10, 1994 World Championships Rome, Italy
59.58 Natalie Coughlin August 13, 2002 U.S. National Swimming Championships Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA
59.44 Natalie Coughlin March 27, 2007 World Championships Melbourne, Australia
59.21 Natalie Coughlin February 17, 2008 Missouri Grand Prix Columbia, Missouri, United States
59.15 Hayley McGregory June 30, 2008 USA Olympic Trials Omaha, Nebraska, United States
59.03 Natalie Coughlin June 30, 2008 USA Olympic Trials Omaha, Nebraska, United States
58.97 Natalie Coughlin July 1, 2008 USA Olympic Trials Omaha, Nebraska, United States
58.77 Kirsty Coventry August 11, 2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China
58.48 Anastasia Zuyeva July 27, 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
58.12 Gemma Spofforth July 28, 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy
58.10 Kylie Masse July 25, 2017 World Championships Budapest, Hungary
58.00 Kathleen Baker July 28, 2018 USA Championships Irvine, California, United States
57.57 (r) Regan Smith July 28, 2019 World Championships Gwangju, South Korea

Short course

Time Swimmer[8] Date Place
59.41 Angel Martino November 21, 1993 Stavanger, Norway
58.50 Angel Martino December 3, 1993 Palma de Mallorca, Spain
58.45 Reiko Nakamura March 4, 2001 Sagamihara, Japan
57.08 Natalie Coughlin November 29, 2001 East Meadow, New York, United States
56.71 Natalie Coughlin November 23, 2002 East Meadow, New York, United States[9]
56.51 Natalie Coughlin October 28, 2007 Singapore
56.15 Shiho Sakai February 22, 2009 Tokyo, Japan
55.23 Shiho Sakai November 15, 2009 Berlin, Germany
55.03 Katinka Hosszú December 4, 2014 Doha, Qatar
54.89 Minna Atherton October 27, 2019 Budapest, Hungary

All-time top 25

Men

  • Correct as of August 2019
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue
1 51.85 Ryan Murphy (USA)13 August 2016Brazil
2 51.86 Xu Jiayu (CHN)8 April 2017China
3 51.94 Aaron Peirsol (USA)8 July 2009United States
4 51.97 Evgeny Rylov (RUS)24 July 2019South Korea
5 52.08 Matt Grevers (USA)25 June 2012United States
6 52.11 Camille Lacourt (FRA)10 August 2010Hungary
 Mitch Larkin (AUS)6 November 2015United Arabic Emirates
8 52.12 David Plummer (USA)27 June 2016United States
9 52.24 Ryosuke Irie (JPN)4 September 2009Japan
10 52.26 Junya Koga (JPN)28 July 2009Italy
11 52.27 Helge Meeuw (GER)2 August 2009Italy
12 52.38 Aschwin Wildeboer (ESP)27 June 2009Italy
13 52.51 Nick Thoman (USA)7 August 2009United States
 Kliment Kolesnikov (RUS)6 August 2018Great Britain
15 52.57 Arkady Vyatchanin (RUS)2 August 2009Italy
16 52.59 Randall Bal (USA)5 December 2008Netherlands
17 52.72 Shaine Casas (USA)3 August 2019United States
18 52.73 Liam Tancock (GBR)28 July 2009Italy
19 52.76 Jeremy Stravius (FRA)25 July 2011China
20 52.78 Kosuke Hagino (JPN)5 September 2014Japan
21 52.88 Chris Walker-Hebborn (GBR)14 April 2015Great Britain
22 52.95 Jacob Pebley (USA)28 June 2016United States
 Guilherme Guido (BRA)21 July 2019South Korea
24 52.97 Hayden Stoeckel (AUS)11 August 2008China
25 53.01 Michael Phelps (USA)31 July 2007United States

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 53.01:

Women

  • Correct as of December 2019
Pos Time Swimmer Date Venue
1 57.57 Regan Smith (USA)28 July 2019South Korea
2 58.00 Kathleen Baker (USA)28 July 2018United States
3 58.10 Kylie Masse (CAN)25 July 2017Hungary
4 58.12 Gemma Spofforth (GBR)28 July 2009Italy
5 58.18 Anastasia Zueva (RUS)28 July 2009Italy
6 58.23 Emily Seebohm (AUS)29 July 2012Great Britain
7 58.33 Missy Franklin (USA)30 July 2012Great Britain
8 58.45 Katinka Hosszu (HUN)8 August 2016Brazil
9 58.55 Taylor Ruck (CAN)3 April 2019Canada
10 58.60 Minna Atherton (AUS)22 July 2019South Korea
11 58.63 Phoebe Bacon (USA)6 December 2019United States
12 58.70 Aya Terakawa (JPN)4 August 2013Spain
13 58.72 Fu Yuanhui (CHN)8 April 2017China
14 58.73 Mie Nielsen (DEN)19 May 2016Great Britain
 Olivia Smoliga (USA)12 April 2019United States
16 58.75 Madison Wilson (AUS)4 August 2015Russia
17 58.77 Kirsty Coventry (ZIM)11 August 2008China
18 58.92 Margherita Panziera (ITA)4 April 2019Italy
19 58.94 Natalie Coughlin (USA)17 August 2008China
 Zhao Jing (CHN)13 November 2010China
21 59.04 Gao Chang (CHN)17 October 2009China
22 59.10 Rachel Bootsma (USA)25 June 2012United States
 Kaylee McKeown (AUS)23 July 2019South Korea
24 59.11 Hayley McGregory (USA)29 July 2008United States
25 59.12 Georgia Davies (GBR)3 August 2018Great Britain

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 59.12:

References

  1. Sports123.com tracking page of men's short-course World Record in the 100 back.
  2. https://espaestad.wordpress.com/2014/08/06/records-del-mundo-de-los-espanoles-aschwin-wildeboer-en-100-m-espalda-de-piscina-corta/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. "ESPN.com - MORESPORTS - Krayzelburg breaks Rouse's world record". www.espn.com.
  4. Lord, Craig (December 12, 2015). "Duel In The Pool Over Before Over: WRS For Grevers, Kromowidjojo; USA Keeps Crown". Swimvortex. Retrieved December 12, 2015.
  5. "Men's 100m Backstroke Results" (PDF). salnikovcup.ru. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  6. "Men's 100m Backstroke Final Results". omegatiming.com. 11 November 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  7. "E. German Women Set 4 Swim Marks". The New York Times. 1976-06-06.
  8. Sport123.com's tracking Archived 2011-05-18 at the Wayback Machine of the women's short-course 100m back World Record.
  9. Denman, Elliott (2002-11-23). "SWIMMING; Coughlin Sets Two Records and Collects Three Victories". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-07.
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