World Fencing Championships

The World Fencing Championships is an annual competition in fencing organized by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime or FIE, (International Fencing Federation in English). The world championships are, after the Olympic Games, the most prominent international competition in the sport of fencing. Contestants may participate in foil, épée, and sabre events.

World Fencing Championships
Statusactive
GenreFencing World championship
Date(s)varying
Frequencyannual
Countryvarying
Inaugurated1921 (1921)
Most recent2019
Next event2021
Organised byFIE
Websitewww.fie.ch

History

The FIE first organized an international fencing championship in Paris in 1921. The competition in its early years was named the European Championships (Championnats d'Europe) and the initial participants were members of the fencing federations of the FIE. In 1921, the only event was men's épée individual. In 1922 and 1923, men's sabre individual was also held. In 1925, only men's sabre individual was held. Since 1926, men's individual events have been held in all three weapons: épée, foil, and sabre. In 1929, women's foil was added to the program as well as a men's foil team event. Men's épée and sabre teams were added in 1930 and women's foil team in 1932. Women's épée individual and team events were added in 1988 and women's sabre individual and team in 1999.

After the 1936 Olympics, the government of Benito Mussolini in Italy offered national recognition and privileges to winners of Olympic or world titles but not European titles.[1] The Italian fencing federation requested that the FIE change the name of the European Championships to World Championships (Championnats du Monde). The FIE approved this request and gave retroactive World Championship status to the previous European Championships.

Since 1921, the FIE championships have occurred annually except for an interruption forced by World War II from 1939 to 1946 and in some of the years when the Summer Olympics are held. The fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics have served as the World Championships of the year for the relevant events. Since 1932, World Championships have been held during the Olympic years only for those events not being held during that year's Summer Olympics. For the years 1932, 1936, 1948, 1952, and 1956, World Championships were held only in Women's Foil Team since that event was not on the Olympic program during those years. After this event was added to the Olympic program beginning with the 1960 Olympics, the FIE stopped holding World Championships during the Olympic years until 1988 when women's épée individual and women's épée team events were added to the World Championship program but the IOC declined to add these events to the Olympic program. A World Championship in these two events was again held in 1992 for the same reason. Finally, in 1996 the IOC added these two events to the Olympic program and the FIE again stopped holding a World Championship in an Olympic year.

When the FIE added women's sabre to the World Championships in 1999, the IOC refused to add these two events to the 2000 Olympic program and so the FIE held a World Championships in only women's sabre in 2000. For the 2004 Olympics, the IOC allowed women's sabre to be contested at the Olympics but only under the condition that the number of fencing events being contested (individual and team) remain at ten. The FIE reluctantly agreed to this condition and has satisfied it by not contesting two of the team events at the Olympics but holding World Championships for them instead during those years. So World Championships have been held but Olympic events have not been held (2004–2016) for the following events:

  • 2004 – women's foil team, women's sabre team
  • 2008 – men's foil team, women's épée team
  • 2012 – men's épée team, women's sabre team
  • 2016 – men's sabre team, women's foil team

From 2020 Summer Olympics, all 12 fencing events are held, which means no World Championships are held on Olympic years.[2]

Naming

These World Fencing Championships are usually referred to as Senior World Fencing Championships because the FIE also runs three other World Championships. Beginning in 1950, the FIE also sanctioned an annual competitions which it originally called the Junior World Criterium (Criterium Mondial des Jeunes). Entries were originally restricted to those 21 years of age or lower but in 1960 the age limit was dropped to 20. In 1964, the name of the competition was officially changed to Junior World Championships and world championship status was retroactively granted to the participants of the previous competitions.

Beginning in 1987, the FIE began sanctioning an annual competition called the Cadet World Championships. Entries were restricted to those 17 years of age or lower. Originally the Junior and Cadet World Championships were held in different cities on different dates but beginning in 1993 they've been called the Junior/Cadet World Championships and have been held at the same venue with all of the cadet events held first followed by all of the junior events.

Beginning in 1997, the FIE began sanctioning an annual competition called the Veteran World Championships. Entries were restricted to those 40 years of age or older the first year and 50 years or older in subsequent years.

Hosts

Edition Year Host City Country Events
International Fencing Championships (Unofficial)
11921Paris France1
21922Paris
Ostend
 France
 Belgium
1
1
31923The Hague Netherlands2
41925Ostend Belgium1
51926Budapest
Ostend
 Hungary
 Belgium
2
1
61927Vichy France3
71929Naples Italy5
81930Liège Belgium7
91931Vienna Austria7
101932Copenhagen Denmark1
111933Budapest Hungary8
121934Warsaw Poland8
131935Lausanne  Switzerland8
141936San Remo Italy1
World Fencing Championships (Official)
11937Paris France8
21938Piešťany Czechoslovakia7
31947Lisbon Portugal8
41948The Hague Netherlands1
51949Cairo Egypt7
61950Monte Carlo Monaco8
71951Stockholm Sweden8
81952Copenhagen Denmark1
91953Brussels Belgium8
101954Luxembourg Luxembourg8
111955Rome Italy8
121956London Great Britain1
131957Paris France8
141958Philadelphia United States8
151959Budapest Hungary8
161961Turin Italy8
171962Buenos Aires Argentina8
181963Gdańsk Poland8
191965Paris France8
201966Moscow Soviet Union8
211967Montreal Canada8
221969Havana Cuba8
231970Ankara Turkey8
241971Vienna Austria8
251973Gothenburg Sweden8
261974Grenoble France8
Edition Year Host City Country Events
271975Budapest Hungary8
281977Buenos Aires Argentina8
291978Hamburg West Germany8
301979Melbourne Australia8
311981Clermont-Ferrand France8
321982Rome Italy8
331983Vienna Austria8
341985Barcelona Spain8
351986Sofia Bulgaria8
361987Lausanne  Switzerland8
371988Orléans France2
381989Denver United States10
391990Lyon France10
401991Budapest Hungary10
411992Havana Cuba2
421993Essen Germany10
431994Athens Greece10
441995The Hague Netherlands10
451997Cape Town South Africa10
461998La Chaux-de-Fonds  Switzerland10
471999Seoul South Korea12
482000Budapest Hungary2
492001Nîmes France12
502002Lisbon Portugal12
512003Havana Cuba12
522004New York City United States2
532005Leipzig Germany12
542006Turin Italy12
552007Saint Petersburg Russia12
562008Beijing China2
572009Antalya Turkey12
582010Paris France12
592011Catania Italy12
602012Kyiv Ukraine2
612013Budapest Hungary12
622014Kazan Russia12
632015Moscow Russia12
642016Rio de Janeiro Brazil2
652017Leipzig Germany12
662018Wuxi China12
672019Budapest Hungary12
682021Cairo Egypt12

Hosting tally

Hosting nations 1921–2019
Times hosted Host country
12  France
8  Hungary
7  Italy
5  Belgium
3  Austria,  Cuba,  Germany,  Netherlands,  Russia,   Switzerland,  United States
2  Argentina,  China,  Denmark,  Egypt,  Poland,  Portugal,  Sweden,  Turkey
1  Australia,  Brazil,  Bulgaria,  Canada,  Czechoslovakia,  Great Britain,  Greece,

 Luxembourg,  Monaco,  South Africa,  South Korea,  Soviet Union,  Spain,  Ukraine,  West Germany

Medal table

This table has been last updated after the 2019 World Fencing Championships. This counts the medals from the World Championships since 1921 and does not include the results of the fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Italy116104133353
2 France929394279
3 Soviet Union925447193
4 Hungary918694271
5 Russia563236124
6 West Germany25261667
7 Germany223445101
8 Poland17294187
9 Romania13223065
10 Ukraine12121943
11 United States11131438
12 China8191643
13 South Korea8112544
14 Sweden7152143
15 Cuba65920
16 Estonia56617
17 Denmark53412
18 Austria44917
19 Great Britain36918
20 Netherlands33612
21  Switzerland291324
22 Belgium241016
23 Spain22610
24 Azerbaijan2147
25 Bulgaria1348
26 Czechoslovakia1315
27 Japan1146
28 Norway1012
29 Brazil1001
30 Venezuela0202
31 Tunisia0134
32 Belarus0123
 Canada0123
 East Germany0123
35 Portugal0101
36 Egypt0077
37 CIS0011
 Colombia0011
 Finland0011
 Greece0011
 Hong Kong0011
 Iran0011
Totals (42 nations)6096077391955

World champions

Épée

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1921 Lucien Gaudin
1922 Raoul Heide
1923 Wouter Brouwer
1926 Georges Tainturier
1927 Georges Buchard
1929 Philippe Cattiau
1930 Philippe Cattiau  Belgium
1931 Georges Buchard  Italy
1933 Georges Buchard  Italy
1934 Pál Dunay  France
1935 Hans Drakenberg  France
1937 Bernard Schmetz  Italy
1938 Michel Pécheux  France
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Édouard Artigas  France
1949 Dario Mangiarotti  Italy
1950 Mogens Lüchow  Italy
1951 Edoardo Mangiarotti  France
1953 József Sákovics  Italy
1954 Edoardo Mangiarotti  Italy
1955 Giorgio Anglesio  Italy
1957 Armand Mouyal  Italy
1958 Bill Hoskyns  Italy
1959 Bruno Habārovs  Hungary
1961 Jack Guittet  Soviet Union
1962 István Kausz  France
1963 Roland Losert  Poland
1965 Zoltán Nemere  France
1966 Aleksey Nikanchikov  France
1967 Aleksey Nikanchikov  Soviet Union
1969 Bohdan Andrzejewski  Soviet Union
1970 Aleksey Nikanchikov  Hungary
1971 Grigory Kriss  Hungary
1973 Rolf Edling  West Germany
1974 Rolf Edling  Sweden
1975 Alexander Pusch  Sweden
1977 Johan Harmenberg  Sweden
1978 Alexander Pusch  Hungary
1979 Philippe Riboud  Soviet Union
1981 Zoltán Székely  Soviet Union
1982 Jenő Pap  France
1983 Elmar Borrmann  France
1985 Philippe Boisse  West Germany
1986 Philippe Riboud  West Germany
1987 Volker Fischer  Soviet Union
1988 event not held Brigitte Benon event not held  West Germany
1989 Manuel Pereira Anja Straub  Italy  Hungary
1990 Thomas Gerull Taymi Chappe  Italy  West Germany
1991 Andrey Shuvalov Mariann Horváth  Soviet Union  Hungary
1992 event not held Mariann Horváth event not held  Hungary
1993 Pavel Kolobkov Oksana Jermakova  Italy  Hungary
1994 Pavel Kolobkov Laura Chiesa  France  Spain
1995 Éric Srecki Joanna Jakimiuk  Germany  Hungary
1997 Éric Srecki Mirayda García  Cuba  Hungary
1998 Hugues Obry Laura Flessel-Colovic  Hungary  Italy
1999 Arnd Schmitt Laura Flessel-Colovic  France  Hungary
2001 Paolo Milanoli Claudia Bokel  Hungary  Russia
2002 Pavel Kolobkov Hyun Hee  France  Hungary
2003 Fabrice Jeannet Natalia Konrad  Russia  Russia
2005 Pavel Kolobkov Danuta Dmowska  France  France
2006 Wang Lei Tímea Nagy  France  China
2007 Krisztián Kulcsár Britta Heidemann  France  France
2008 events not held  France
2009 Anton Avdeyev Lyubov Shutova  France  Italy
2010 Nikolai Novosjolov Maureen Nisima  France  Romania
2011 Paolo Pizzo Li Na  France  Romania
2012 events not held  United States event not held
2013 Nikolai Novosjolov Julia Beljajeva  Hungary  Russia
2014 Ulrich Robeiri Rossella Fiamingo  France  Russia
2015 Géza Imre Rossella Fiamingo  Ukraine  China
2017 Paolo Pizzo Tatyana Gudkova  France  Estonia
2018 Yannick Borel Mara Navarria   Switzerland  United States
2019 Gergely Siklósi Nathalie Moellhausen  France  China

Foil

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1926 Giorgio Chiavacci
1927 Oreste Puliti
1929 Oreste Puliti Helene Mayer  Italy
1930 Giulio Gaudini Jenny Addams  Italy
1931 René Lemoine Helene Mayer  Italy
1932 events not held  Denmark
1933 Gioacchino Guaragna Gwendoline Neligan  Italy  Hungary
1934 Giulio Gaudini Ilona Elek  Italy  Hungary
1935 André Gardère Ilona Elek  Italy  Hungary
1936 events not held  Germany
1937 Gustavo Marzi Helene Mayer  Italy  Hungary
1938 Gioacchino Guaragna Marie Šedivá  Italy event not held
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Christian d'Oriola Ellen Müller-Preis  France  Denmark
1948 events not held  Denmark
1949 Christian d'Oriola Ellen Müller-Preis  Italy event not held
1950 Renzo Nostini Ellen Müller-Preis &
Renée Garilhe
 Italy  France
1951 Manlio Di Rosa Ilona Elek  France  France
1952 events not held  Hungary
1953 Christian d'Oriola Irene Camber  France  Hungary
1954 Christian d'Oriola Karen Lachmann  Italy  Hungary
1955 József Gyuricza Lídia Dömölky  Italy  Hungary
1956 events not held  Soviet Union
1957 Mihály Fülöp Alexandra Zabelina  Hungary  Italy
1958 Giancarlo Bergamini Valentina Rastvorova  France  Soviet Union
1959 Allan Jay Emma Yefimova  Soviet Union  Hungary
1961 Ryszard Parulski Heidi Schmid  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1962 German Sveshnikov Olga Szabó-Orbán  Soviet Union  Hungary
1963 Jean-Claude Magnan Ildikó Rejtő  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1965 Jean-Claude Magnan Galina Gorokhova  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1966 German Sveshnikov Tatyana Samusenko  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1967 Viktor Putyatin Alexandra Zabelina  Romania  Hungary
1969 Friedrich Wessel Elena Belova  Soviet Union  Romania
1970 Friedrich Wessel Galina Gorokhova  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1971 Vasyl Stankovych Marie-Chantal Demaille  France  Soviet Union
1973 Christian Noël Valentina Nikonova  Soviet Union  Hungary
1974 Alexander Romankov Ildikó Bóbis  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1975 Christian Noël Ecaterina Stahl  France  Soviet Union
1977 Alexander Romankov Valentina Sidorova  West Germany  Soviet Union
1978 Didier Flament Valentina Sidorova  Poland  Soviet Union
1979 Alexander Romankov Cornelia Hanisch  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1981 Vladimir Smirnov Cornelia Hanisch  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1982 Alexander Romankov Nailya Gilyazova  Soviet Union  Italy
1983 Alexander Romankov Dorina Vaccaroni  West Germany  Italy
1985 Mauro Numa Cornelia Hanisch  Italy  West Germany
1986 Andrea Borella Anja Fichtel  Italy  Soviet Union
1987 Mathias Gey Elisabeta Tufan  West Germany  Hungary
1989 Alexander Koch Olga Velichko  Soviet Union  West Germany
1990 Philippe Omnès Anja Fichtel  Italy  Italy
1991 Ingo Weißenborn Giovanna Trillini  Cuba  Italy
1993 Alexander Koch Francesca Bortolozzi  Germany  Germany
1994 Rolando Tucker Réka Szabó-Lăzar  Italy  Romania
1995 Dmitriy Shevchenko Laura Badea  Cuba  Italy
1997 Sergei Golubitsky Giovanna Trillini  France  Italy
1998 Sergei Golubitsky Sabine Bau  Poland  Italy
1999 Sergei Golubitsky Valentina Vezzali  France  Germany
2001 Salvatore Sanzo Valentina Vezzali  France  Italy
2002 Simone Vanni Svetlana Boiko  Germany  Russia
2003 Peter Joppich Valentina Vezzali  Italy  Poland
2004 events not held  Italy
2005 Salvatore Sanzo Valentina Vezzali  France  South Korea
2006 Peter Joppich Margherita Granbassi  France  Russia
2007 Peter Joppich Valentina Vezzali  France  Poland
2008 events not held  Italy event not held
2009 Andrea Baldini Aida Shanayeva  Italy  Italy
2010 Peter Joppich Elisa Di Francisca  China  Italy
2011 Andrea Cassarà Valentina Vezzali  China  Russia
2013 Miles Chamley-Watson Arianna Errigo  Italy  Italy
2014 Aleksey Cheremisinov Arianna Errigo  France  Italy
2015 Yūki Ōta Inna Deriglazova  Italy  Italy
2016 events not held  Russia
2017 Dmitry Zherebchenko Inna Deriglazova  Italy  Italy
2018 Alessio Foconi Alice Volpi  Italy  United States
2019 Enzo Lefort Inna Deriglazova  United States  Russia

Sabre

Year Men's individual Women's individual Men's team Women's team
1922 Adrianus de Jong
1923 Adrianus de Jong
1925 János Garay
1926 Sándor Gombos
1927 Sándor Gombos
1929 Gyula Glykais
1930 György Piller  Hungary
1931 György Piller  Hungary
1933 Endre Kabos  Hungary
1934 Endre Kabos  Hungary
1935 Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1937 Pál Kovács  Hungary
1938 Aldo Montano  Italy
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Aldo Montano  Italy
1949 Gastone Darè  Italy
1950 Jean Levavasseur  Italy
1951 Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1953 Pál Kovács  Hungary
1954 Rudolf Kárpáti  Hungary
1955 Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1957 Jerzy Pawłowski  Hungary
1958 Yakov Rylsky  Hungary
1959 Rudolf Kárpáti  Poland
1961 Yakov Rylsky  Poland
1962 Zoltán Horváth  Poland
1963 Yakov Rylsky  Poland
1965 Jerzy Pawłowski  Soviet Union
1966 Jerzy Pawłowski  Hungary
1967 Mark Rakita  Soviet Union
1969 Viktor Sidyak  Soviet Union
1970 Tibor Pézsa  Soviet Union
1971 Michele Maffei  Soviet Union
1973 Mario Aldo Montano  Hungary
1974 Mario Aldo Montano  Soviet Union
1975 Vladimir Nazlymov  Soviet Union
1977 Pál Gerevich  Soviet Union
1978 Viktor Krovopuskov  Hungary
1979 Vladimir Nazlymov  Soviet Union
1981 Mariusz Wodke  Hungary
1982 Viktor Krovopuskov  Hungary
1983 Vasil Etropolski  Soviet Union
1985 György Nébald  Soviet Union
1986 Sergey Mindirgasov  Soviet Union
1987 Jean-François Lamour  Soviet Union
1989 Grigory Kiriyenko  Soviet Union
1990 György Nébald  Soviet Union
1991 Grigory Kiriyenko  Hungary
1993 Grigory Kiriyenko  Hungary
1994 Felix Becker  Russia
1995 Grigory Kiriyenko  Italy
1997 Stanislav Pozdnyakov  France
1998 Luigi Tarantino  Hungary
1999 Damien Touya Yelena Jemayeva  France  Italy
2000 event not held Yelena Jemayeva event not held  United States
2001 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Anne-Lise Touya  Russia  Russia
2002 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Tan Xue  Russia  Russia
2003 Volodymyr Lukashenko Dorina Mihai  Russia  Italy
2004 events not held  Russia
2005 Mihai Covaliu Anne-Lise Touya  Russia  United States
2006 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Rebecca Ward  France  France
2007 Stanislav Pozdnyakov Yelena Nechayeva  Hungary  France
2008 events not held
2009 Nicolas Limbach Mariel Zagunis  Romania  Ukraine
2010 Won Woo-young Mariel Zagunis  Russia  Russia
2011 Aldo Montano Sofya Velikaya  Russia  Russia
2012 events not held  Russia
2013 Veniamin Reshetnikov Olha Kharlan  Russia  Ukraine
2014 Nikolay Kovalev Olha Kharlan  Germany  United States
2015 Aleksey Yakimenko Sofya Velikaya  Italy  Russia
2016 events not held  Russia event not held
2017 András Szatmári Olha Kharlan  South Korea  Italy
2018 Kim Jung-hwan Sofia Pozdniakova  South Korea  France
2019 Oh Sang-uk Olha Kharlan  South Korea  Russia

Multiple gold medalists

Boldface denotes active fencers and highest medal count among all fencers (including these who not included in these tables) per type. The numbers in brackets denotes number of medals earned at the unofficial World Championships in 1921-1936 (known as European Championships back then) which are counted in overall statistics.

Men

All events

Rank Fencer Country Weapon(s) From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Aladár Gerevich HungarySabre & Foil19311959(5) 14 (5)2(1) 3 (1)(6) 19 (6)
2Edoardo Mangiarotti ItalyÉpée & Foil19371958138526
3Stanislav Pozdnyakov RussiaSabre19942007105217
4Vladimir Nazlymov Soviet UnionSabre19671979103215
5Alexandr Romankov Soviet UnionFoil19741989102315
6Pál Kovács HungarySabre19331958(1) 10 (1)2(1) 12 (1)
7Gustavo Marzi ItalyFoil & Sabre19291938(5) 9 (5)(10) 11 (10)(1) 1 (1)(16) 21 (16)
8German Sveshnikov Soviet UnionFoil1958196992112
9Giulio Gaudini ItalyFoil & Sabre19291938(7) 8 (7)(7) 7 (7)(2) 2 (2)(16) 17 (16)
10Christian d'Oriola FranceFoil194719588513

Individual events

Rank Fencer Country Weapon From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Stanislav Pozdnyakov RussiaSabre19942007538
2Alexandr Romankov Soviet UnionFoil19741983516
3Pavel Kolobkov Soviet Union
 Russia
Épée198920054127
4Christian d'Oriola FranceFoil19471955415
5Peter Joppich GermanyFoil20032010415
Grigory Kiriyenko Soviet Union
 Russia
Sabre19891995415
7Jerzy Pawłowski PolandSabre195719713418
8Sergei Golubitsky UkraineFoil199319993115
9Aladár Gerevich HungarySabre19351955(1) 3 (1)1(1) 4 (1)
Aleksey Nikanchikov Soviet UnionÉpée19661970314

Women

All events

Rank Fencer Country Weapon From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Valentina Vezzali ItalyFoil19942016166426
2Ilona Elek HungaryFoil19331956(5) 11 (5)(1) 5 (1)2(6) 18 (6)
3Galina Gorokhova Soviet UnionFoil1958197196116
4Alexandra Zabelina Soviet UnionFoil195619719615
5Giovanna Trillini ItalyFoil1986200795620
6Valentina Sidorova (Burochkina) Soviet UnionFoil1973198692112
7Arianna Errigo ItalyFoil2009201985518
8Sofya Velikaya RussiaSabre2004201985316
9Margit Elek HungaryFoil19331956(3) 8 (3)(2) 4 (2)1(5) 13 (5)
10Elena Belova (Novikova) Soviet UnionFoil196919798412

Individual events

Rank Fencer Country Weapon From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Valentina Vezzali ItalyFoil1994201462412
2Olha Kharlan UkraineSabre200920194217
3Ilona Elek HungaryFoil19341955(2) 3 (2)21(2) 6 (2)
4Ellen Müller-Preis AustriaFoil193119503(1) 1 (1)(1) 2 (1)(2) 6 (2)
5Inna Deriglazova RussiaFoil20132019314
Cornelia Hanisch West GermanyFoil19781985314
7Helene Mayer GermanyFoil19291937(2) 3 (2)(2) 3 (2)
8Sofya Velikaya RussiaSabre200520192316
9Mariel Zagunis United StatesSabre20062014235
10Giovanna Trillini ItalyFoil199020072237

See also

References

  1. Cohen. By the Sword. pp. 375, footnote.
  2. Fencing To Have Full Medal Count in Tokyo 2020 Olympics fencing.net

Sources

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