World (TV channel)
World Channel (formerly PBS World) is an American digital multicast public television network owned and operated by WGBH. It is distributed by American Public Television and the National Educational Telecommunications Association, and features factual programming covering topics such as science, nature, news, and public affairs. Programming is supplied by the entities, as well as other partners such as WNET and WGBH. It is primarily carried on the digital subchannels of PBS member stations.
|Launched||2005 (select cities)|
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)|
|Slogan||Brave. New. Real.|
|Broadcast area||United States|
|Digital terrestrial television||Channel slots vary on each city|
|Available on some cable systems||Channel slots vary on each provider|
In 2004, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation granted PBS funds to develop a public affairs network, Public Square, given the change in broadcasting to digital thus allowing stations to broadcast multiple channels. (Public Square was also a name previous given to a proposed civic series in early 2000s.) The Knight Foundation announced a challenge grant to PBS to launch this network on December 14, 2004 at the Digital Futures Initiative Summit. PBS would have to raise double the grant amount to get the foundation's grant. Additional, the foundation made a grant to PBS for the first program's pilot slated for the network. The program, Global Watch, was to be co-produced by KCET and KQED. The pilot aired on PBS' National Program Service, while the series would only continue on Public Square. PBS was also discussing with WGBH and WNET to fold Public Square and World together.
WGBH and WNET were developing World in 2004. By December 2005, Boston's WGBH and WNET were already broadcasting World on a subchannel and added by April 2006, Washington's WETA. San Francisco's KQED were already broadcasting its own nonfiction encore channel before April 2005, too. Then, WGBH and WNET team up with PBS to roll out a national version of the local channels as World with KQED continuing on its own. The stations are supposed to program and PBS distributing the network. Public Square was expected to exist as a two to three hours long hosted weeknight programming block on the channel. The network was launched nationally on August 15, 2007. For the first year, the Ford Foundation granted some funds to cover cost while PBS was contributing some funding from it revenue-generating activities. As of March 2009, there was no national underwriter for the network as one had not been pursued as the network lacked enough coverage to land one. On July 1, 2009, PBS withdrew from the channel. By September 2009, ITVS's Global Voices was the only original program for the network.
An overhaul of the network was in the work as of September 8, 2009. CPB agreed to fund R&D for the relaunch and cover cost so stations would not have to pay the license until June 2011. The network was relaunched in July 2010 with the revamped website slate for July 1 with more of a roll out. The relaunch is also draw in the stations as digital tier channel are more likely to be pick up by cable subscribers, Nielsen rating are small but improving and to use more of the channel width as to avoid any FCC reduction of the width. The relaunch service, seen more as a multimedia outlet than just a TV channel, was planned to target a more diverse color audience with a median age of 36. The revamp World would have a monthly theme for coherence and personality to create online action and buzz. The channel started to reach out to more sources, reviewing archives, film festivals, indie producer hubs (like Bay Area Video Coalition), public radio, Independent Television Service, Link TV, MiND TV, Minority Consortia, New American Media, the Sundance Institute and Youth Media International. With little funding for programs, the channel is using a new low-cost collaborative model by offering distribution, while producers would have to drum up funding. In September 2011, a new general manager, Elizabeth Cheng, for the network was hired.
United States budget sequestration in 2013 caused a cut in Corporation for Public Broadcasting's budget. The CPB then used some fund ($750,000) formerly earmarked for the National Minority Consortia towards the World network.
The network is available to stations that are member of APT and NETA (formerly available to PBS's National Program Service subscribers and PBS Plus members). Affiliation fees of 4 levels from $5,500 to $32,000 a year which only cover 50% of the channel's cost. Stations are required to broadcast half of the network's broadcast day in order to retain their affiliation, thus many member stations with limited channel capacity usually carry the network in a 50/50 split with Create (as both networks maintain looping schedules). Cost are kept down as the channel uses rights and content previously available. Programming has come from PBS, NETA, APT and ITVS International.
World shows a core three-hour documentary block four times a day with other programs circulate in the other 12 hours. This gives viewers increased chances to see a program, which might be shown from 4 to 8 times a week.
- AfroPoP: The Ultimate Cultural Exchange
- America ReFramed
- DW News
- The Day
- NHK Newsline
- Doc World
- Local, USA
- Stories from the Stage
Stations may also choose to place their own programming, such as local government hearings and events, on their subchannel at local discretion.
|7.4||WCIQ||Mount Cheaha, Alabama|
|12.4||KETZ||El Dorado, Arkansas|
|2.4||KETS||Little Rock, Arkansas|
|6.4||KEMV||Mountain View, Arkansas|
|50.4||KOCE-TV||Huntington Beach, California|
|15.2||KPBS||San Diego, California|
|9.3||KQED||San Francisco, California|
|54.3||KQEH||San Jose, California|
|30.2||WGCU||Fort Myers, Florida|
|42.2||WXEL-TV||West Palm Beach, Florida|
|26.4||KCDT||Coeur d'Alene, Idaho|
|13.4||KIPT||Twin Falls, Idaho|
|47.3||WTVP||Peoria, Illinois (pending)|
|3.3||KBIN-TV||Council Bluffs, Iowa|
|11.3||KDIN-TV||Des Moines, Iowa|
|21.3||KTIN||Fort Dodge, Iowa|
|12.3||KIIN||Iowa City, Iowa|
|24.3||KYIN||Mason City, Iowa|
|36.3||KHIN||Red Oak, Iowa|
|27.3||KSIN-TV||Sioux City, Iowa|
|12.2||WYES-TV||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|10.3||WMEM-TV||Presque Isle, Maine|
|23.2||WKAR-TV||East Lansing, Michigan|
|9.3||KETC||St. Louis, Missouri|
|45.2||K45CH-D||Fort Peck, Montana|
|9.2||KPNE-TV||North Platte, Nebraska|
|11.3||WENH-TV||Durham, New Hampshire|
|9.1||KNMD-TV||Albuquerque, New Mexico|
|46.4||WSKG-TV||Binghamton, New York|
|30.4||WSKA||Corning, New York|
|21.3||WLIW||Garden City, New York|
|18.3||WNPI-DT||Norwood, New York|
|21.2||WXXI-TV||Rochester, New York|
|17.3||WMHT||Schenectady, New York|
|16.3||WPBS-DT||Watertown, New York|
|3.2||KBME-TV||Bismarck, North Dakota|
|25.2||KMDE||Devils Lake, North Dakota|
|9.2||KDSE||Dickinson, North Dakota|
|19.2||KJRE||Ellendale, North Dakota|
|13.2||KFME||Fargo, North Dakota|
|6.2||KSRE||Minot, North Dakota|
|4.2||KWSE||Williston, North Dakota|
|13.2||KETA-TV||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|22.2||KFTS||Klamath Falls, Oregon|
|16.2||KDSD-TV||Aberdeen, South Dakota|
|8.2||KESD-TV||Brookings, South Dakota|
|13.2||KPSD-TV||Eagle Butte, South Dakota|
|11.2||KQSD-TV||Lowry, South Dakota|
|8.2||KZSD-TV||Martin, South Dakota|
|10.2||KTSD-TV||Pierre, South Dakota|
|9.2||KBHE-TV||Rapid City, South Dakota|
|23.2||KCSD-TV||Sioux Falls, South Dakota|
|2.2||KUSD-TV||Vermillion, South Dakota|
|9.2||KLRN||San Antonio, Texas|
|7.2||KUED||Salt Lake City, Utah|
|18.2||KUEW||St. George, Utah|
|20.2||WVTB||St. Johnsbury, Vermont|
|9.2||WSWP-TV||Grandview, West Virginia|
|33.2||WVPB-TV||Huntington, West Virginia|
|24.2||WNPB-TV||Morgantown, West Virginia|
- "Knight Foundation backs launch planning for PBS's Public Square". Current. December 19, 2005. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- "Hearst TV exec to head World channel". Current. American University School of Communication. September 20, 2011. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- Egner, Jeremy (April 3, 2006). "World and Go! streams flow into PBS plans". Current. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- June-Friesen, Katy (March 2, 2009). "Packaged channels for multicasting, 2009". Current. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Dru Sefton (September 8, 2009). "Overhaul of public TV's World channel, 2009". Current. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- "Relaunch of pubTV's World multicast channel, 2010". Current. 20 July 2010. Archived from the original on July 20, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- Sefton, Dru (June 24, 2013). "CPB reduces aid to longtime grantees". Current. American University School of Communication. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
- "Stations for Network – World Channel". rabbitears.info. Retrieved January 18, 2017.