Winschoten railway station
Winschoten (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʋɪnsxoːtən] (
Winschoten railway station in 2006
|Operated by||NS Stations|
|Connections||Bus lines 12, 13, 14, 17, 23, 24, 119, 618, 643|
|Architect||Karel Hendrik van Brederode|
|Opened||1 May 1868|
The station building, designed by Karel Hendrik van Brederode, was completed in 1865 and expanded in 1904. Train services started on 1 May 1868 and have since been provided by Maatschappij tot Exploitatie van Staatsspoorwegen (1868–1937), Nederlandse Spoorwegen (1938–2000), NoordNed (2000–2005), and Arriva (2005–present). During World War II, 500 Jews were transported from the station via the Westerbork transit camp to Nazi concentration camps, where most of them were killed.
The station has three tracks and two platforms. As of 2014, there are two local train services with trains every half an hour to and from Groningen, and trains every hour to and from Bad Nieuweschans and Leer (Germany). The station handles 2,500 rail passengers on an average weekday. There is a park and ride area for cars and bicycles, and a bus station with nine regional services provided by Qbuzz.
The railway station is located at the Stationsweg in the city of Winschoten, part of the municipality of Oldambt, in the east of the province of Groningen in the northeast of the Netherlands. It is situated on the Harlingen–Nieuweschans railway, also called Staatslijn B, between the railway stations of Scheemda in the west and Bad Nieuweschans in the east, both also in the municipality of Oldambt. The Heiligerlee railway stop was between Scheemda and Winschoten from 1908 to 1934, and the Ulsda railway stop was between Winschoten and Nieuweschans from 1887 to 1938. The railway connects via Zuidbroek and Groningen to the rest of the Dutch railway network in the west; and via Bad Nieuweschans to the German railway network in the east. The distance from Winschoten westward to railway terminus Harlingen Haven is 115 km (71 mi), to Groningen 34 km (21 mi), to Zuidbroek 12 km (7.5 mi), and to Scheemda 5 km (3.1 mi), and eastward to Bad Nieuweschans is 12 km (7.5 mi).
In 1860, the Dutch government passed a law for the construction of ten state railways (Dutch: staatslijnen). The Harlingen–Nieuweschans railway or Staatslijn B was opened between 1863 and 1868. The first part between Harlingen Haven and Leeuwarden was opened in 1863 and the second part between Leeuwarden and Groningen in 1865.
The station building in Winschoten was completed in 1865. The third part of Staatslijn B between Groningen and Winschoten was opened on 1 May 1868. Trains were initially operated by the Maatschappij tot Exploitatie van Staatsspoorwegen (Company for the Exploitation of the State Railways). Services between Winschoten and Nieuweschans started in November 1868, and between Nieuweschans and Leer in Germany in December 1876, when the Harlingen–Nieuweschans railway was connected to the Ihrhove–Nieuweschans railway.
In 1904, the station building was expanded with a porch and additional waiting room. From 1938 to 2000, train services were provided by the Nederlandse Spoorwegen (Netherlands Railways), when the Maatschappij tot Exploitatie van Staatsspoorwegen merged with the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij (Hollandic Iron Railroad Company). In 1942, during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II, approximately 500 Jews from Winschoten were transported by train to the Westerbork transit camp and from there to Nazi concentration camps in Germany and Poland, where 446 of them were killed. As a result of the war, the German border at the railway was closed for passenger transport from 1944 to 1954. In 1967, the roofed bus station was built next to the station building. In the last quarter of the 20th century, the station building's porch was replaced.
From 1999 onwards, other railway companies received concessions for the northern railway lines of the Netherlands. NoordNed, a joint venture of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen and Arriva, provided the railway services to and from Winschoten between 2000 and 2005. The Ihrhove–Nieuweschans railway was closed for major renovations in the years 2000–2002. Arriva bought all shares of NoordNed in 2003, and rebranded the services as Arriva in 2005. In 2013–2015, the station building was restored to its state of 1904 as part of a larger project to improve the quality and functionality of the station area. Between December 2015 and October 2016, the Ihrhove–Nieuweschans railway was closed entirely after a railway bridge near Weener was destroyed in a collision with the ship Emsmoon. Until the bridge is replaced in 2021, Arriva is providing a rail replacement bus service between Weener and Leer. In 2016–2017, the roofed bus station was demolished and the bus area was modernized.
Building and layout
The 19th-century station building is owned by NS Stations. It is of the type SS 3rd class, which was designed by Karel Hendrik van Brederode. SS 3rd class was chosen instead of the smaller SS 4th class because of the importance of Winschoten as a commercial center. Eight buildings of SS 3rd class were completed in the Netherlands between 1862 and 1865, of which four remain today. This building of 1865 has a median risalit and wings on both sides parallel to the railway. The facade on the city side and railway side are identical, except for a half round decoration on the city side. The doors and windows of the building have arched frames. In the 1904 expansion, an enclosed porch was added and the east wing was extended with an extra waiting room.
The railway through Winschoten is unelectrified and oriented west to east. At the station, the single-track railway splits into three tracks, with the station building on the north side. Platform 1 is on the northern side of the northern track, serving trains towards Groningen, and is partly covered by a roof attached to the station building. Platform 2, serving trains towards Bad Nieuweschans and Leer is on the northern side of the central track, and is accessed via a level crossing from platform 1. The platforms have shelters, wheelchair ramps, tactile paving and dynamic passenger information. The southern track has no platform and serves as a passing loop. Beyond the station the tracks merge back into a single track.
West of the station building is a free park and ride (Dutch: parkeer en reis) area with 120 car parking spaces and 320 bicycle stands at the station. There are also subscription-only bicycle lockers and a subscription-only bicycle rental service. There is a tunnel for cyclists and pedestrians underneath the tracks and platforms to the south side of the city. East of the station building is a bus station which is owned by Arriva. There is also a taxicab stand at the station.
|Groningen - Hoogezand-Sappemeer - Zuidbroek - Winschoten - Bad Nieuweschans - Leer (Germany)||Local ("Stoptrein")||Arriva||1x per hour|
|Groningen - Hoogezand-Sappemeer - Zuidbroek - Winschoten (- Bad Nieuweschans)||Local ("Stoptrein")||Arriva||1x per hour - 1x per 2 hours on Sundays. During morning rush hour and on evenings, a couple of runs run through to Bad Nieuweschans.|
The company Qbuzz, a subsidiary of Nederlandse Spoorwegen, has the concession for bus transport in the provinces of Groningen and Drenthe until 2019. There are regional bus connections at the station in Winschoten with the following final destinations:
|12||Winschoten - Blijham - Bellingwolde (- Klein Ulsda - Bad Nieuweschans)||Qbuzz and Taxi De Grooth||During both rush hours, one run runs through to Bad Nieuweschans. No service after 21:00, on Saturday evenings and Sundays,|
|13||Veendam - Muntendam - Meeden - Westerlee - Heiligerlee - Winschoten||Qbuzz, Taxi De Grooth and CTS||No weekend service and limited weekday evening service.|
|14||Stadskanaal - Alteveer - Onstwedde - Smeerling - Vlagtwedde - Veele - Wedde - Weddermeer - Blijham - Winschoten||Qbuzz and Taxi De Grooth|
|17||Winschoten - Beerta - Finsterwolde - Oostwold - Midwolda - Scheemda||Qbuzz and Taxi De Grooth||No evening and Sunday service.|
|23||Winschoten - Oude Pekela - Nieuwe Pekela - Ommelanderwijk - Veendam||Qbuzz|
|24||Assen - Rolde - Papenvoort - Borger - Buinen - Buinerveen - Nieuw Buinen - Stadskanaal - Nieuwe Pekela - Oude Pekela - Winschoten||Qbuzz||On Saturdays, this bus only operates 1x per 2 hours between Assen and Stadskanaal. No evening and Sunday service.|
|119||Delfzijl - Wagenborgen - Nieuwolda - Scheemda - Heiligerlee - Winschoten||Qbuzz|
|618||Winschoten - Beerta - Finsterwolde - Oostwold - Woldendorp||Qbuzz||Only 1 run during both rush hours.|
|643||Winschoten - Heiligerlee - Scheemda - Nieuw Scheemda - 't Waar - Nieuwolda - Woldendorp||Qbuzz||Only 1 run during both rush hours.|
|679||Winschoten → Groningen Zernike||Qbuzz||Only 1 run during morning rush hour.|
- "Station Winschoten" (in Dutch), Stationsweb. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Peter Grutter, "Lijst van Verkortingen Spoorwegen Archived 24 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine (in Dutch), Nederlandse Vereniging van Belangstellenden in het Spoor- en tramwegwezen, 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- Arjan Brondijk, "In 2016 pas sneltrein naar Leer" (in Dutch), Het Streekblad, 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Spoorkaart Nederland" (in Dutch), ProRail, 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Overzicht van de spoorlijn Harlingen-Leeuwarden-Groningen-Nieuweschans" (in Dutch), Stationsweb. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "Overzicht van de spoorlijn Harlingen-Leeuwarden-Groningen-Nieuweschans" (in Dutch), Stationsweb. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- "Periode 1860 – 1880" (in Dutch), Geschiedenis van de Spoorwegen. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- Rowin Penning, "6 december 1876..." (in Dutch), Noord-Nederlands Trein & Tram Museum, 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Maatschappij tot exploitatie van staatsspoorwegen 1863–1937" (in Dutch), Het Utrechts Archief, 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "Beknopte geschiedenis van de stations" (in Dutch), NS Stations. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- Anneke Moerenhout, "Joods Monument Station Winschoten" (in Dutch), TracesOfWar.com. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "Busstation Winschoten rijp voor sanering en sloop" (in Dutch), Het Streekblad, 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- "De Collectie" (in Dutch), Bureau Spoorbouwmeester, 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "NoordNed neemt spoorlijnen van NS over" (in Dutch), Nieuwsblad van het Noorden, 2000. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "Arriva boekt 9 miljoen euro meer winst" (in Dutch), Dagblad van het Noorden, 2004. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "Arriva lijft vervoerder NoordNed in" (in Dutch), Friesch Dagblad, 2005. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- Arjan Brondijk, "Stationsgebouw Winschoten wordt in oude glorie hersteld" (in Dutch), Het Streekblad, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Karin Weijs, "Stationsgebouw Winschoten in oude glorie hersteld" (in Dutch), Het Streekblad, 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
- "Schip ramt spoorbrug Weener en legt treinverkeer Leer plat" (in Dutch), Dagblad van het Noorden, 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- Arjan Brondijk, "Treinverkeer naar Weener op 30 oktober hervat" (in Dutch), Het Streekblad, 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- "Bezoek onze buren..." (in Dutch), Wiederline. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- Tammo Beishuizen, "Winschoter busremise bijna plat" (in Dutch), Dagblad van het Noorden, 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- Arjan Brondijk, "Actieprogramma versterking binnenstad Winschoten afgerond" (in Dutch), Het Streekblad, 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- "Station Winschoten" (in Dutch), Province of Groningen. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Stationsgebouwen type SS 3e klasse" (in Dutch), Stationsweb. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Stationsgebouw Winschoten" (in Dutch), Stationsweb. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- Leeuwarden–Groningen, Sporenplan. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Informatie over station Winschoten" (in Dutch), Nederlandse Spoorwegen. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Verlenging concessie GD" (in Dutch), OV-bureau Groningen Drenthe, 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "Halte: Winschoten, Station" (in Dutch), Qbuzz. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Station Winschoten.|
- Winschoten station, station information