William Jackson, 1st Baron Allerton

William Lawies Jackson, 1st Baron Allerton, PC, FRS (16 February 1840 – 4 April 1917) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.

The Lord Allerton

Jackson by Leslie Ward, 1899.
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
9 November 1891  11 August 1892
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byArthur Balfour
Succeeded byJohn Morley
Personal details
Born16 February 1840 (1840-02-16)
Otley, Yorkshire
Died4 April 1917 (1917-04-05) (aged 77)
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Grace Tempest (d. 1901)

Background and education

Born in Otley, near Leeds, England, Jackson was the son of William Jackson, a leather merchant and tanner. He was educated at the Moravian School.[1]

Business career

Jackson took over his father's business. His Times obituary reads, "Early in his commercial career he devoted his energies to tanning, and was prominent in the leather industry." He was also Chairman of the Great Northern Railway.

Political career

Jackson was elected to Leeds Borough Council in 1859. He entered national politics when he unsuccessfully contested Leeds in an 1876 by-election. He was successful in being elected for the same constituency in 1880. He switched to the Northern Division of Leeds in 1885, and he would represent that constituency until he was raised to the peerage in 1902. Jackson served two separate periods as Financial Secretary to the Treasury (1885–1886 and 1886–1891), being created a Privy Counsellor on 30 June 1890. He was then appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1891, serving in that position for one year, although he did not sit in the Cabinet.[2] He was Lord Mayor of Leeds in 1895. In the 1902 Coronation Honours list it was announced that he would receive a barony,[3] and he was raised to the peerage as Baron Allerton, of Chapel Allerton, in the County of York, on 17 July 1902.[4] He took the oath and his seat in the House of Lords a week later, on 21 July.[5] Lord Allerton chaired several institutions before his death on 4 April 1917.


Jackson married Grace, daughter of George Tempest, of Otley, on 10 October 1860. His elder son George succeeded him as Baron Allerton. His younger son Francis Stanley was an international cricketer and had a military and political career. Jackson and his wife Grace were both buried at St Matthew's Church, Chapel Allerton.


Coat of arms of William Jackson, 1st Baron Allerton
A horse Or holding in the mouth an ear of wheat slipped Vert and resting the foreleg on three annulets as in the arms.
Per chevron Gules and Or in chief two suns in splendour of the last and in base three annulets one and two interlaced of the first.
On either side a horse Sable collared Vair and charged on the shoulder with three annulets interlaced two and one Or.
Essayez [6]


  1. thepeerage.com
  2. Chris Cook and Brendan Keith, British Historical Facts 1830-1900, Macmillan, 1975, page 40
  3. "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902. p. 5.
  4. "No. 27455". The London Gazette. 18 July 1902. p. 4587.
  5. "Parliament". The Times (36826). London. 22 July 1902. p. 6.
  6. Burke's Peerage. 1914.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Tennant
John Barran
William Wheelhouse
Member of Parliament for Leeds
With: John Barran, 1876–1885
William Ewart Gladstone, April–May 1880
Herbert Gladstone, 1880–1885
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Leeds North
Succeeded by
Sir Rowland Barran
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Henry Fowler
Preceded by
Henry Fowler
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1886 – 1891
Succeeded by
John Eldon Gorst
Preceded by
Arthur Balfour
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1891 – 1892
Succeeded by
John Morley
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Allerton
1902 – 1917
Succeeded by
George Jackson
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