William I, Count of Burgundy
William I (1020 – 12 November 1087), called the Great (le Grand or Tête Hardie, "the Stubborn"), was Count of Burgundy from 1057 to 1087 and Mâcon from 1078 to 1087. He was a son of Renaud I and Alice of Normandy, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandy. William was the father of several notable children, including Pope Callixtus II.
|William I, Count of Burgundy|
Imaginary 19th-century portrait in the Cathédrale Saint-Jean de Besançon
|Died||12 November 1087|
|Spouse(s)||Stephanie (a.k.a. Etiennette)|
|Father||Renaud I, Count of Burgundy|
|Mother||Alice of Normandy|
In 1057, he succeeded his father and reigned over a territory larger than that of the Franche-Comté itself. In 1087, he died in Besançon, Prince-Archbishopric of Besançon, Holy Roman Empire -- an independent city within the County of Burgundy. He was buried in Besançon's Cathedral of St John.
Children of Stephanie (order uncertain):
- Renaud II, William's successor, died on First Crusade.
- Stephen I, successor to Renaud II, Stephen died on the Crusade of 1101.
- Raymond of Burgundy who married Urraca of León and Castile and thus was given the government of Galicia (Spain) (died 1107).
- Sybilla (or Maud), married (1080) Eudes I of Burgundy
- Gisela of Burgundy, married (1090) Humbert II of Savoy and then Renier I of Montferrat.
- Clementia married Robert II, Count of Flanders and was Regent, during his absence. She married secondly Godfrey I, Count of Leuven and was possibly the mother of Joscelin of Louvain.
- Guy of Vienne, elected pope, in 1119 at the Abbey of Cluny, as Calixtus II.
- Hugh III, Archbishop of Besançon.
- Stephanie married Lambert, lord of Peyrins, brother of Adhemar of Le Puy)
- Ermentrude, married (1065) Theodoric I Count of Montbéliard.
- (perhaps) Bertha wife of Alphonso VI of Castile and Leon.
- and maybe another daughter.
- She was identified as the daughter of Adalbert, Duke of Lorraine in an article by Szabolcs de Vajay in Annales de Bourgogne, XXXII:247–267 (Oct–Dec 1960), but the author subsequently made an unqualified retraction of this claim in "Parlons encore d'Etiennette" in Prosopographica et Genealogica, vol. 3: Onomastique et Parenté dans l'Occident medieval, K. S. B. Keats-Rohan and C. Settipani, eds. (2000), pp. 2–6.
- The Crusade of 1101, James Lea Cate, A History of the Crusades: The First Hundred Years, ed.Kenneth Meyer Setton and M. W. Baldwin, (The University of Wisconsin Press, 1969), 364 note32.
- Portail sur Histoire Bourgogne et Histoire Franche-Comté, Gilles Maillet.
| Count of Burgundy
| Count of Mâcon|