William Home, 8th Earl of Home
The Earl of Home
William VIII, Earl of Home
|Died||28 April 1761|
|Battles/wars||Jacobite rising of 1745|
He inherited the title Earl of Home in 1720 on the death of his father, Alexander Home, 7th Earl of Home. He was commissioned into the 2nd Regiment of Dragoon Guards in 1735. Home married wealthy Jamaican-English heiress Elizabeth Lawes for her fortune on Christmas Day 1742. The couple would have no children, and the Earl deserted his wife in February 1743 for unknown reasons, taking a commission as a captain in the 3rd regiment of dragoon guards in July 1743. The couple remained technically married, however, and the Countess of Home went on to become a society figure, entertaining lavishly at her London home, Home House.
Lord Home fought at the Battle of Prestonpans in 1745 under Sir John Cope. Distinguishing service meant that he was given command of the Glasgow volunteer regiment of foot which was given orders to defend Stirling. He did well as most of the Jacobite forces were in England making their way to Derby with Bonnie Prince Charlie.
On 11 August 1750 he became colonel of the 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot, transferring on 29 April 1752 to become colonel of the 25th (Edinburgh) Regiment of Foot until his death.
Death and legacy
He was meant to return to England on 29 April 1761 but he died the day before in Gibraltar. His younger brother Alexander succeeded him as Earl. Despite the separation, his wife Elizabeth retained her title and remained independently wealthy due to her father and first husband until her death in 1784. She was buried in Westminster Abbey.
- Henderson, T. F. (2004). "Home, William, eighth earl of Home (d. 1761)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13649.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Henderson 2004.
- Harris 1997, p. 308.
- Lewis 1967, p. 447.
- Pocock & Cook 2011.
- Major General William Home (d.1761), 8th Earl of Home, Governor of Gibraltar (1758–1761), BBC, YourPaintings, retrieved 17 February 2014
- Works cited
- Harris, Eileen (May 1997). "Home House: Adam versus Wyatt". The Burlington Magazine. 139 (1130). JSTOR 887311. (subscription required)
- Henderson, T.F. (2004). "Home, William, eighth earl of Home (d. 1761)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13649.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
| Governor of Gibraltar
|Peerage of Scotland|
Alexander Home, 7th Earl of Home
| Earl of Home
Alexander Home, 9th Earl of Home
William Maule, 1st Earl of Panmure
| Colonel of the 25th (Edinburgh) Regiment of Foot
Sir Henry Erskine, Bt