William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster

William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster (alias Lempster) (3 August 1648 – 7 December 1711), styled Sir William Fermor, 2nd Baronet from 1661 to 1692, was an English politician and peer.[1]

William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster
William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster, by Godfrey Kneller
Personal details
Born3 August 1648
Died7 December 1711(1711-12-07) (aged 63)
Known forConstruction of Easton Neston


Fermor was the second but eldest surviving son of Sir William Fermor, 1st Baronet (1621-1661) (alias Farmer), of Easton Neston, Northamptonshire, by his wife Mary Perry, widow of Henry Noel, second son of Edward Noel, 2nd Viscount Campden and a daughter of Hugh Perry of the City of London.[2]

Fermor was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford. He succeeded as second baronet in 1661, was elected a Member of Parliament for Northampton in 1671 and again in 1679.[1]

He was elevated to the peerage on 12 April 1692, as Baron Leominster (alias Lempster) of Leominster, Herefordshire.[2]

Easton Neston

Leominster re-built the mansion house at Easton Neston and planned the gardens and plantations, the wings being to the design of Sir Christopher Wren with the house completed 20 years later in 1702 to the design of Nicholas Hawksmoor. He adorned the whole with part of the Arundel marbles which he had purchased and which his son attempted to restore with the assistance of the Italian sculptor Giovanni Battista Guelfi, a scholar of Camillo Rusconi.[3] The collection was afterwards greatly neglected. Horace Walpole wrote as follows to George Montagu on 20 May 1736: "Coming back, we saw Easton Neston, where in an old greenhouse is a wonderful fine statue of Tully haranguing a numerous assembly of decayed emperors, vestal virgins with new noses, Colossus's, Venus's, headless carcases, and carcaseless heads, pieces of tombs, and hieroglyphics." The marbles were presented in 1755 to the University of Oxford by Henrietta Louisa, Countess of Pomfret. A description of Easton Neston and its art treasures is included in the Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham's Pictures.[4]

Marriage and issue

Fermor married thrice:[1][2][5]

Death & succession

Fermor died on 7 December 1711, and was succeeded by his only son, Thomas Fermor, who was created Earl of Pomfret (i.e. Pontefract, Yorkshire) on 27 December 1721.[2]


  1. "Fermor (Farmer), Sir William, 2nd Bt. (1648-1711), of Easton Neston, Northants. and Leicester Fields, Westminster". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  2. Debrett, John (1840). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. p. 578. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  3. Guelfi was brought to England by Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, the 'architect earl'. (James Lees-Milne, The Earls of Creation, 1962:95, 97).
  4. Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham's Pictures, 4to, London, 1758 (pp. 53–66).
  5. Debrett, John (1848). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. p. 578. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  6. Bigland, Ralph, An Account of the Parish of Fairford in the County of Gloucester with a Particular Description of the Stained Glass in the Windows of the Church, Engravings of Ancient Monuments with Inscriptions, etc., etc., London, 1791, p. 13
  7. Bigland, pp. 8-10.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Fermor, William (d.1711)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Christopher Hatton
Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt
Member of Parliament for Northampton
With: Lord Ibrackan 1670–1678
Hon. Ralph Montagu 1678
Sir Hugh Cholmeley, Bt 1679
Succeeded by
William Langham
Hon. Ralph Montagu
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Leominster
Succeeded by
Thomas Fermor
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Fermor
of Easton Neston
Succeeded by
Thomas Fermor
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