William F. Meggers Award in Spectroscopy
The William F. Meggers Award has been awarded annually since 1970 by the Optical Society (originally called the Optical Society of America) for outstanding contributions to spectroscopy.
|2018||Warren S. Warren||For pioneering contributions in the fundamental science of optical and spin coherence and their synergistic applications in optical spectroscopy/microscopy and magnetic resonance spectroscopy/imaging.|
|2017||Shaul Mukamel||For developing the theoretical framework of coherent multidimensional spectroscopy for electronic excitations in the optical regime and proposing extensions to the x-ray spectral regime.|
|2016||Brooks H. Pate||
For the invention of the chirped-pulse Fourier transform microwave technique, which revolutionized rotational spectroscopy, leading to an explosion of novel spectroscopic, astrochemical, analytical, dynamical, and chemical kinetics applications.
|2015||Paul Julienne||For seminal contributions to precision photoassociation and magnetic-Feshbach spectroscopy of ultracold atoms, and the application of these techniques to the formation of cold polar molecules.|
|2014||François Biraben||For outstanding achievements in high resolution atomic spectroscopy and metrology of fundamental constants, leading to far-reaching tests of quantum electrodynamics.|
|2013||Louis F. DiMauro||For contributions to precision measurements of nonsequential double ionization, exploration of strong field interaction scaling properties from mid-infrared to X-ray and innovative experiments of time-resolved.|
|2012||Xi-Cheng Zhang||For exceptional contributions to coherent generation and detection of ultra-broadband Terahertz waves for far-infrared spectroscopy.|
|2011||Steven T. Cundiff||For contributions to the field of ultrafast spectroscopy of semiconductors, including multidimensional Fourier transform techniques, and for contributions to the development of femtosecond frequency comb technology.|
|2010||Frédéric Merkt||For ground-breaking work on the ultra high resolution spectroscopy of Rydberg states of atoms and molecules, and for the refinement of high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy and its application to the determination of the structural and dynamical properties of molecular cations.|
|2009||Leo Hollberg||For seminal contributions to the development of diode lasers as powerful spectroscopic tools, development of femtosecond combs, and demonstration of unique quantum effects in the interaction between light and atoms.|
|2008||Michael S. Feld||For major contributions to the foundations of laser spectroscopy, and for pioneering developments in the application of spectroscopy to biomedicine.|
|2007||Pierre Agostini||For leadership in the development of innovative experiments providing major insights into the dynamics of the non-linear response of atoms and molecules submitted to strong infrared laser pulses.|
|2006||Jun Ye||For development of innovative spectroscopic techniques based on femtosecond optical frequency combs.|
|2005||Daniel M. Neumark||For pioneering contributions to the molecular spectroscopy of transient species, including transition state spectroscopy by photo-detachment, the development of anion zero-electron-kinetic-energy spectroscopy and time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy.|
|2004||Brian John Orr||For advancing molecular spectroscopy by experiment and theory on infrared- and Raman-ultraviolet double resonance, coherent Raman spectroscopy, cavity ringdown spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, nonlinear optics, and tunable coherent light sources.|
|2003||Daniel R. Grischkowsky||For seminal contributions to the development and application of Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy.|
|2002||James C. Bergquist||For seminal contributions to high-resolution, high accuracy laser spectroscopy with applications to fundamental metrology and clocks.|
|2001||Frank De Lucia||For pioneering work in the development of the submillimeter-wave region of the electromagnetic spectrum and its application to scientific problems in physics, chemistry, and astronomy.|
|2000||Roger E. Miller||For his work in the development and use of high resolution infrared spectroscopy in the study of loosely bonded clusters in the gas-phase as well as in liquid helium droplets.|
|1999||David J. Nesbitt||For his experimental and theoretical contributions to the understanding of the molecular structure and dynamics of weakly bound molecules through the use of high-resolution infrared laser spectroscopy.|
|1998||William C. Stwalley||For his important contributions to the theory of long-range molecular states, the spectroscopy of alkali-dimer and alkali-hydride diatomic molecules, and the theory of the stability of spin-polarized hydrogen. Recognition is also given to his leadership and teaching in the field of laser science and a lifetime of professional services to the scientific community.|
|1997||Takeshi Oka||For his contributions to experimental and theoretical high resolution molecular spectroscopy. As one example, his work on H3+ has revolutionized the field of infrared spectroscopy of molecular ions, but the breadth and quality of his work is such that all aspects of his distinguished career spanning 40 years have had a significant impact in the fields of chemistry, physics, and astrophysics.|
|1996||Robert W. Field||For his invention of powerful high resolution spectroscopic methods, including stimulated emission pumping, which have found widespread application. These methods, combined with his definitive studies of perturbations in diatomic molecular spectra, have changed the way we think about molecular complexity.|
|1995||Robert N. Compton||For seminal contributions to the understanding of the nature of atomic and molecular negative ions (especially doubly-charged anions) and to the field of multiphoton excitation processes in the gas phase.|
|1994||Steven Chu||For pioneering work in manipulation, cooling, and trapping of neutral particles by laser light, and for the first optical spectroscopy of the short-lived laptonicatoms, positronium and muonium.|
|1993||Terry A. Miller||For the development of high resolution spectroscopy of molecular ions and radicals and the insightful interpretation of the resulting spectra.|
|1992||Joseph Reader||For his outstanding research on complex atomic spectra and spectra of highly ionized atoms.|
||For his outstanding contributions to spectroscopy, including development of the hydrogen maser, spectroscopy of Rydberg states, and analysis of the interaction of atoms with electromagnetic fields.|
|1990||David J. Wineland
||For his conception of novel, high sensitivity, high accuracy, spectroscopic techniques, their realization, and their application to fundamental measurements.|
|1989||Ugo Fano||For his novel analyses of spectroscopic phenomena in the framework of collision dynamics.|
|1988||W. Carl Lineberger||For contributions to the basic chemistry, spectroscopy, and physics of atomic and molecular negative ion spectroscopy.|
|1987||Hans R. Griem||For outstanding contributions to atomic spectroscopy, especially its application to the understanding of the physics of plasmas.|
|1986||Alexander Dalgarno||For contributions to atomic and molecular spectroscopy, particularly in the analysis of problems of astrophysical interest.|
|1985||Theodor W. Hänsch
||For his discoveries of powerful techniques for high-resolution laser spectroscopy, and their application to fundamental problems of physics, particularly through precision measurements on atomic hydrogen.|
|1984||Robert D. Cowan||For his world-recognized contributions to the theory of atomic structure and spectra.|
|1983||William Clyde Martin Jr.||For his outstanding contributions to the understanding of the spectra of complex atoms and ions.|
|1982||George W. Series||In recognition of both his theoretical and experimental contributions to a better understanding of the interaction of radiation with atoms, especially for his contributions to the development of the method of quantum-beat spectroscopy.|
|1981||Boris P. Stoicheff||In recognition of his innovative use of lasers in spectroscopy, particularly his studies of stimulated and inverse Raman and Brillouin scattering and of highly excited atomic states.|
|1980||John G. Conway||In recognition of his leadership in the measurement and analysis of actinide crystal and atomic spectroscopy.|
|1978||Robert P. Madden|
|1977||Mark S. Fred|
|1977||Frank S. Tomkins|
|1976||W. R. S. Garton||In recognition of his contributions to atomic spectroscopy, particularly his studies of autoionization, diamagnetic Zeeman effects, and absorption of high Rydberg-series members.)|
|1975||Jean Blaise (scientist)|
|1975||Emmett N. Leith|
|1974||Harry Lambert Welsh|
|1973||Curtis J. Humphreys|
|1972||Charlotte Moore Sitterly|
|1971||Allen G. Shenstone|
|1970||George R. Harrison|
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- "James Bergquist". American Physical Society. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
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- "Awards and Honors of Robert W. Field". The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. American Chemical Society (ACS). 113 (47): 13064–13064. 26 November 2009. doi:10.1021/jp9093194. ISSN 1089-5639.
- "OSA Awards Mark Achievements in Many Facets of Optical Science". Physics Today. AIP Publishing. 42 (7): 85. 1989. doi:10.1063/1.2811098. ISSN 0031-9228.
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- "Meggers, William F., 1981 Award, Boris P. Stoicheff". Appl. Opt. 20: a125. 1981.
- Oakes, Elizabeth H. (2007). Encyclopedia of World Scientists. Infobase Publishing. p. 675. ISBN 9781438118826.
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