A widow's pension is a payment from the government of a country to a person whose spouse has died.
Generally, such payments are made to a widow whose late spouse has satisfied the country's requirements, including contribution, cohabitation, and length of marriage.
In the United States, the widow's pension was introduced in the Senate in 1930. It was not especially uncommon for young women in Arkansas to marry Confederate pensioners; in 1937 the state passed a law stating that women who married Civil War veterans would not be eligible for a widow's pension. The law was later changed in 1939 to state that widows born after 1870 were not eligible for pensions. Hopkins generally kept her first marriage a secret, fearing that the resulting gossip (of marrying a much older man) would damage her reputation.
In 2003, Congress approved a payment of $11,750 of widow's pension owed to Harriet Tubman.
In New Zealand, a widow's pension was introduced in 1911 to help families with no other way of supporting themselves.
- Chris Smith; David C. Hoath (1 January 1975). Law and the Underprivileged. Routledge & K. Paul. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-0-7100-8259-6.
- "National Affairs: Widow's Pension". Time. May 19, 1930.
- Barron, James. "The 'Last Civil War Widow' Has a Successor, It Would Seem", The New York Times, June 16, 2004; retrieved January 29, 2017.
- Johnson Publishing Company (17 November 2003). Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. pp. 6–. ISSN 0021-5996.
- "History of Monetary Benefits".