Wickham River

The Wickham River is an ephemeral river, located in the Victoria Bonaparte bioregion of the Northern Territory in Australia.

Wickham
Location of the Wickham River mouth in the Northern Territory
EtymologyJohn Clements Wickham[1]
Location
CountryAustralia
TerritoryNorthern Territory
RegionVictoria Bonaparte (IBRA)
Physical characteristics
SourceMount Kimon
  elevation330 m (1,080 ft)
MouthVictoria River
  coordinates
17°01′31″S 129°57′52″E
  elevation
74 m (243 ft)
Length198 km (123 mi)
Basin size5,018 km2 (1,937 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average11.9 m3/s (420 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
  leftMidnight Creek, Broadarrow Creek, Cusack Creek, Humbert River
  rightSoda Springs Creek, Depot Creek (Northern Territory), Gibbie Creek
National parkJudbarra / Gregory NP
[2][3]

Course and features

The headwaters of the Wickham River are situated on an area of rugged stony hills and a sandstone plateau[3] as the river rises on the southeastern slopes of Mt Kimon. It flows generally northeast, joined by seven tributaries including the Humbert River, Soda Springs Creek, Depot Creek and Broadarrow Creek and through one permanent waterhole, Johnston Billabong, before reaching its confluence with the Victoria River, south of the Fitzgerald Range near Pompey Knob. The Wickham River descends 256 metres (840 ft) over its 198-kilometre (123 mi) course.[2]

The Judbarra / Gregory National Park was established in 1981 encompassing much of the catchment. Mount Sanford was exhumed to enlarge the park boundaries in 1996.[3]

The Wickham flows for only six months of the year, during the wet season. During the dry season, a string of waterholes form along the course of the river some of which are spring-fed and almost permanent.[3]

When Lawrence Wells started his trigonometric survey of the Northern Territory in 1905 he formed his depot on the Wickham River not too far from Victoria River Downs Station homestead.[4]

The area surrounding the Wickham River are the traditional lands of the Aboriginal community of Yarralin, also known as Walangeri.[5]

Etymology

The river is named in honour of Captain John Clements Wickham who sailed up the 200 kilometres (124 mi) Victoria River in 1839 aboard HMS Beagle.[1]

See also

References

  1. "Victoria River Downs (VRD) - The Big Run". Flinders Ranges Research. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  2. "Map of Wickham River, NT". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  3. "Overview of the Victoria River Catchment" (PDF). Top End Waterways Project. Government of the Northern Territory. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  4. "Lands and Survey Branches". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  5. "Yarralin". Katherine West Health Board Aboriginal Corporation. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.