White House Office of the Press Secretary
The White House Office of the Press Secretary, or the Press Office, is responsible for gathering and disseminating information to three principal groups: the President, the White House staff, and the media. The Office is headed by the White House Press Secretary, and is part of the White House Office, which is a subunit of the Executive Office of the President.
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The White House Office of the Press Secretary deals with the daily press needs of the president and manages their relationship with the news media. The Office of the Press Secretary deals with the president their relationship while the Office of Communications deals with strategic planning of how the president's statements will be released to the public. The leader of this office must be stable and usually serves for a relatively long amount of time. In the 89 years that the Press Secretary has been a job, only 31 people have held the position. This person gives information to journalists from the president in different formal and informal manners. Success in this position, and for the office, depends on the information given to the Office of the Press Secretary journalists, the president, and White House staff.
One example of the type of documentation that comes out of the Office of the Press Secretary is memoranda about different laws and policies. In 2009, President Obama's Office of the Press Secretary released a memorandum on the Freedom of Information Act. It stated that “the government should not keep information confidential merely because public officials might be embarrassed by disclosure, because errors and failures might be revealed, or because of speculative or abstract fears.” The Office of the Press Secretary is also responsible for writing statements for the current Press Secretary that are published on the White House website. An example of this statement was published by the Trump Whitehouse on October 19, 2018 about the United States Health Secrurity National Action Plan (the Plan). It will help the “United States Government prepare for and respond to public health emergencies.”
The Press Office is responsible for providing support and information to the national and international media regarding the President's beliefs, activities and actions. It works alongside the Office of Communications in crafting and espousing the administration's message.
- Kumar, Martha (2001). "The Office of the Press Secretary". Presidential Studies Quarterly. 31 (2): 296–322. doi:10.1111/j.0360-4918.2001.00172.x.
- Obama, Barack (2009). "Office of the Press Secretary". Presidential Studies Quarterly. 39 (3): 429–430. doi:10.1111/j.1741-5705.2009.03698.x – via OhioLINK.
- "Statement from then Press Secretary". White House. October 19, 2018.