White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics
The White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics is a multi-agency working group within the Department of Education charged with strengthening the nation's capacity to provide high quality education while increasing opportunities for Hispanic American participation in federal education programs. In addition, the Initiative serves as a resource for information related to closing the educational achievement gap for Hispanic Americans. Finally, the Initiative provides staffing to support and coordinate the mission of a President's Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for Hispanics.
|Formed||September 24, 1990|
|Parent agency||US Department of Education|
|Education in the United States|
Despite its title, the Initiative is created by executive order as a fully staffed and funded entity within the United States Department of Education. Its purpose is to provide support for a Presidential Advisory Commission, for organizational purposes also located within the Education Department, which in turn provides advice and guidance to the Secretary of Education and, through him, to the President.
President's Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for Hispanics
The size of the Commission changes with each new Administration, numbering anywhere between fifteen and twenty-five members, and is usually led by two co-chairs. Commissioners are chosen from a wide variety of backgrounds such as educational/academic, sports figures, business, and entertainment and other celebrities. Membership is honorary and the Commissioners serve without pay. All represent either highly visible Hispanic Americans distinguished in their field or other individuals noted for their commitment to Hispanic matters. In order to fulfill its mission of providing guidance, the Commission issues reports- at regular or irregular intervals depending on its individual directive.
White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanics
As previously noted, the Initiative is a fully staffed office within the Education Department. It is composed of a mix of appointed and civil service officials and led by an Executive Director. The Director is named either by the President or the Secretary of Education. The Initiative's mission ends with the Administration that created it but the agency does not completely shut down. As a regularly staffed unit, the Initiative continues into a new Administration with a "skeleton crew" on the expectation that a new executive order will be issued or until such time as the staff is reassigned by the Secretary.
First Bush Administration
The Commission and Initiative were initially created during the George H.W. Bush Administration as a part of its overall "America 2000 Education Strategy." For at least two years, Hispanic organizations and individuals- Raul Yzaguirre of the National Council of La Raza prominent among them- had been lobbying the government for a federal agency that would oversee educational outreach for Hispanic Americans and help to improve their academic performance. After months of negotiation and planning, President Bush signed Executive Order 12729 on September 24, 1990, establishing the first Commission as well as the supporting Initiative. The goal of the Commission as outlined in EO 12729 was to "provide advice to the Secretary of Education on the progress of Hispanic Americans toward achievement of national education goals and on such other aspects of the educational status of Hispanic Americans as it consider[ed] appropriate." To that end, the Commission was expected to urge upon the Secretary a specific set of criteria:
- Enhance parental involvement;
- Promote early childhood education;
- Remove barriers to success in education and work, particularly limited proficiency in the English language;
- Help students to achieve their potential at all educational levels;
- Increase private sector and community involvement in improving education.
However, the new endeavor ran almost immediately into roadblocks that would delay its implementation for a year.
Within a few days, the first Initiative director, Gilbert Roman, resigned for unknown reasons. The forced resignation of Secretary of Education Lauro Cavazos in early December put the Initiative and Commission into semi-hibernation. Finally, after increasing criticism, the first group of 17 Commission members were sworn-in in September, 1991. The Initiative also received a full staff and new Executive Director, John Florez, formerly the deputy assistant secretary for employment at the Department of Labor. At Cavazos' request, Florez had been involved in the studies that led to the creation of the Initiative.
The Commission issued its sole report on October 12, 1992, entitled A Progress Report to the Secretary of Education from the President's Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans.
The Commission was re-established by President Bill Clinton on February 18, 1994 by Executive Order 12900. Like its predecessor, the new Commission was to advise the President (albeit through the Secretary of Education). Its goals were modified slightly from that of the previous Administration. The Commission was oriented to
- Report the progress of Hispanic Americans toward achievement of the National Education Goals and other standards of educational accomplishment;
- Oversee the development, monitoring, and coordination of Federal efforts to promote high-quality education for Hispanic Americans;
- Develop ways to increase State, private sector, and community involvement in improving education;
- Develop ways to expand and complement Federal education initiatives.
However, once again other political issues would push implementation of the Commission's mission onto the backburner for nearly a year. Finally, on February 1, 1995, 24 members of the Commission were sworn-in by Vice President Al Gore. Among the more notable figures on the Commission were academicians Guillermo Linares and Eduardo J. Padrón, author/producer John Phillip Santos, businesspersons Linda G. Alvarado and Martin J. Koldyke, and Yzaguirre, who served as its chairman.
Within a year, the Commission would become embroiled in further controversy when Yzaguirre, its chairman, accused it of being ineffective due to "bureaucratic morass and partisan politics" and criticized the Initiative's staff for inadequate support. Yzaguirre was especially incensed that its first report was nearly a year overdue. In response, the Clinton Administration thanked Yzaguirre for his service and announced that the long-awaited report was due to be completed in June. Nevertheless, it was not until September that the Commission issued Our Nation on the Fault Line: Hispanic American Education.
A new Executive Director, Sarita Brown, was named in 1997. Subsequent to her appointment, Brown was credited with revitalizing the Initiative's mission as well as placing renewed focus on funding for Hispanic education. On September 25, 2000, the Commission- now chaired by Linares- released its second report entitled Creating the Will: Hispanics Achieving Educational Excellence.
Second Bush Administration
George W. Bush established his President's Advisory Commission on October 12, 2001 with Executive Order 13230. The Commission's mandate was updated to dispense advice and issue reports in order to
- Map the progress of Hispanic Americans in closing the academic achievement gap and attaining the goals established by the President's "No Child Left Behind" educational blueprint;
- Develop, monitor, and coordinate Federal efforts to promote high-quality education for Hispanic Americans;
- Develop ways to increase parental, State and local, private sector, and community involvement in improving education;
- Develop ways to maximize the effectiveness of Federal education.
The Commission comprised 20 members and met for their first full meeting in February, 2002. Among its more notable members were academician Alexander Gonzalez, judge Micaela Alvarez, businessmen Charles P. Garcia and Frank Hanna III- the latter of whom served as one of the two co-chairs- astronaut Fernando Caldeiro, teacher Jaime Escalante, and singer/songwriter Jon Secada. Additionally, US Treasurer Rosario Marin, HUD Secretary Mel Martinez, and SBA Administrator Hector Barreto sat on the Commission as ex officio members or designees.
During this Administration, the Commission issued two reports. The first, entitled The Road to a College Diploma: The Complex Reality of Raising Educational Achievement for Hispanics in the United States, was released on September 30, 2002 and contained initial findings on the state of Hispanic education in the U. S. The second report, From Risk to Opportunity: Fulfilling the Educational Needs of Hispanic Americans in the 21st Century and released on March 31, 2003, offered six recommendations for increasing the educational achievement of Hispanics.
From June 16 to June 17, 2005, the Initiative hosted a conference entitled Pathways to Hispanic Family Learning. Presided over by Education Secretary Margaret Spellings and U.S. Treasurer Anna Escobedo Cabral, the meeting paved the way for a new program, the Partnership for Hispanic Family Learning, "a national network of public and private organizations that provide Hispanic families with the knowledge and tools needed to help them prepare their children for academic success." Information and resources were then dispensed through a series of regional conferences.
In 2007, the Initiative convened a conference with the American Competitiveness Initiative (ACI), The American Competitiveness Initiative: Challenges and Opportunities for Hispanic Serving Institutions. As a result of the meeting, a combined WHI-ACI working-group was formed to address the needs, strengths, and capabilities of Hispanic-serving institutions of higher learning.
In July, 2009, the Barack Obama Administration initiated a series of speaking events and meetings in order to gather input on the educational needs of the Hispanic community. A new executive order was planned for later in the year once the accumulated data could be assessed. The President set a new goal for the country: that by 2020, America would once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world. . On October 19, 2010, President Obama signed Executive Order 13555 renewing the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic with the mission to help restore the United States to its role as the global leader in education and to strengthen the Nation by expanding educational opportunities and improving educational outcomes for Hispanics of all ages and by helping to ensure that all Hispanics receive a complete and competitive education that prepares them for college, a career, and productive and satisfying lives. In the executive order, the President declared, "Our country was built on and continues to thrive on its diversity, and there is no doubt that the future of the United States is inextricably linked to the future of the Hispanic community." The President appointed a new commission as well, chaired by Eduardo Padrón, and including notable members such as Shakira. It should be noted however, that according to transcripts, Shakira never attended the meetings and had Maria Mercedes Lievano sit on her behalf. In September, 2011, the White House released a report on the education of Latinos, Winning the Future: Improving Education for the Latino Community.
In October 2013, the Initiative also launched a monthly webinar series. The webinars’ purpose is to connect leaders on a national and local scale, as well as highlight Bright Spots- programs, leaders, schools, organizations, partnerships, or models that are helping close the Hispanic achievement gap throughout the nation. The webinars are a meeting place where leaders discuss programs and initiatives, relevant policy issues, and evidence-based practices that benefit the Hispanic community. The Initiative has held webinars on: • Early Learning (October) • Immigrant Integration (November) • Family Engagement (December) • Student Financial Assistance (January) • GED Test (February) • English Learners (March) • New High School Equivalency Assessments – HiSET and TASC (April) • Improving Educational Outcomes for Hispanic Males (April) • Summer Melt (May) • Hispanic Families and Special Education (June) • Educational Technology (July) • Hispanic Teacher Recruitment (August) • College- and Career-Ready Standards (September)
In December 2013, Executive Director Alejandra Ceja announced the release of the Initiative's Second Term Action Plan for the fiscal years 2013-2016. The plan establishes "a framework that involves local, state and national leaders, public and private sector stakeholders, educators, families, and students in support of fostering educational excellence for the Latino community. In tandem with the Administration’s efforts, the Initiative will work to amplify the benefits of a quality early learning, highlight robust and leading examples of reform and rigor in our K-12 school systems, and promote practices and institutions of higher education graduating more Latinos ready and prepared to enter the competitive workforce (Ceja)."
In May 2014 the Initiative released ¡Gradúate! A Financial Aid Guide to Success to help Hispanic students and their families navigate through the college application process, provide tips on filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, and supply key financial aid resources available to better support Hispanics, including Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and non U.S. citizen students. Since its release the guide has been highlighted by Secretary of Education Arne Duncan.
The Initiative has also advanced President Obama's My Brother's Keeper Initiative to address persistent opportunity gaps faced by boys and young men of color, including Hispanics, and ensure that all young people can reach their full potential.
The year 2015 will mark 25 years since the establishment of the Initiative. To commemorate it, the Initiative has launched a 25th anniversary year of action: Fulfilling America's Future to highlight educational gains and trends since its creation, as well as look to the future and make key policy recommendations for leadership across sectors. As a part of its 25th anniversary celebration, the Initiative will release a blueprint that will inform educational priorities for the Hispanic community, and serve as a guide for leaders working to increase opportunity and improve the outcomes of Hispanics.
WHIEEHA Executive Director
The current executive director of the White House Initiative is Alejandra Ceja.
List of Directors
|No.||Name||Term of Office||President(s) served under|
|1||Col. Gilbert D. Roman||October 1990 - November 1990||George H.W. Bush|
|2||John Florez||September 1991 - January 1993||George H.W. Bush|
|3||Alfred Robert Ramirez||February 1994 - July 1997||Bill Clinton|
|4||Sarita E. Brown||August 1997 - December 2000||Bill Clinton|
|5||Leslie Sanchez||May 2001 - June 2003||George W. Bush|
|-||Maria Hernandez Ferrier (acting)||June 2003 - December 2003||George W. Bush|
|6||Adam Chavarria||December 2003 - January 2009||George W. Bush|
|7||Juan Sepúlveda||May 2009 – December 2011||Barack Obama|
|8||Jose Rico||December 2011 – December 2012||Barack Obama|
|9||Marco Davis (acting)||December 2012 – May 2013||Barack Obama|
|10||Alejandra Ceja||May 2013 – Present||Barack Obama, Donald Trump|
- Jean Merl, "New Ways Sought to Boost Latino Education," Los Angeles Times (January 27, 1991).
- Ruth Marcus and Kenneth J. Cooper, "Hispanic Initiative Begun," The Washington Post (September 25, 1990). Via Highbeam Research.
- John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, "Executive Order 12729 - Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans, September 24, 1990," The American Presidency Project (Santa Barbara: University of California). Accessed on August 17, 2009.
- Frank Sotomayor, "Bush's Moves on Education Stir Hopes, Criticism," Los Angeles Times (October 10, 1991).
- John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, "Executive Order 12900 - Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans, February 22, 1994," The American Presidency Project (Santa Barbara: University of California). Accessed on August 17, 2009.
- Steven A. Holmes, "Hispanic Rights Chief Quits Clinton Panel," The New York Times (April 14, 1996).
- Ines Pinto Alicea, "Controversy Swirls Around the Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans," The Hispanic Outlook in Higher Education (August 2, 1996). Via Highbeam Research.
- Office of the Press Secretary, U.S. Department of Education, "Statement by the President's Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans Vice Chair Ana "Cha" Guzman Regarding the Resignation of Commission Chair Raul Yzaguirre," (press release) ED.gov (April 1996).
- "Sarita E. Brown, President, Hispanic Scholarship Fund Institute," HSFI.org. Accessed on August 19, 2009.
- Library of Congress, "Director of White House Initiative for Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans to Deliver Hispanic Heritage Month Keynote," (press release) News From the Library of Congress (September 19, 2000).
- Kim L. Brown, "'Talents, Perspectives, Contributions:' Sarita Brown Delivers Hispanic Heritage Keynote," Library of Congress Information Bulletin, Vol. 59, No. 11 (November 2000).
- John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, "Executive Order 13230 - Presidents Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans, October 12, 2001," The American Presidency Project (Santa Barbara: University of California). Accessed on August 18, 2009.
- "President's Advisory Commission on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans," About Us (WHIEEHA web site). Accessed on August 18, 2009.
- President's Advisory Commission on Education Excellence for Hispanic Americans Releases Final Report;..." (press release) Hispanic PR Wire - US Newswire (April 9, 2003).
- White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans "Partnership for Hispanic Family Learning." Accessed on August 18, 2009.
- White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans, "Stem Legislation," Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education for Hispanics. Accessed on August 19, 2009.
- "White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans Begins a Series of 'Community Conversations'," (press release) ED.gov (July 10, 2009).
- "MEETING OF PRESIDENT'S ADVISORY COMMISSION ON EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE FOR HISPANICS" (PDF).
- "PRESIDENT'S ADVISORY COMMISSION ON EDUCATION EXCELLENCE FOR HISPANICS: EARLY LEARNING SUBCOMMITTEE BREAKOUT SESSION" (PDF).
- "SPRING 2005 PRESIDENT'S ADVISORY COMMISSION ON EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE FOR HISPANICS PUBLIC MEETING: Early Learning Subcommittee Meeting" (PDF).
- "PRESIDENT'S ADVISORY COMMISSION ON EDUCATIONAL EXCELLENCE FOR HISPANICS:EARLY LEARNING SUBCOMMITTEE" (PDF).
- "Executive Order 13555--White House Initiative On Educational Excellence For Hispanics". 19 October 2010.
- "Winning the future and improving the Latino community" (PDF). www2.ed.gov.
- "Yes I Can"- the White House Initiative on Educational Excellence for Hispanic Americans web site