Westminster is a city in northern Orange County, California known for its many Vietnamese refugees who immigrated to the city during the 1980s. They settled largely in Little Saigon, and the city is known as the "capital" of overseas Vietnamese with 36,058 Vietnamese Americans and at 40.2% (2010), the highest municipal prevalence of Vietnamese Americans. Westminster was founded in 1870 by Rev. Lemuel Webber as a Presbyterian temperance colony and was incorporated in 1957.
Asian Garden Mall (Phuoc Loc Tho), Tet 2008
Location of Westminster within Orange County, California.
Location in the United States
|Coordinates: 33°45′5″N 117°59′38″W|
|Incorporated (city)||March 27, 1957|
|• City council||Mayor Tri Ta |
Chi Charlie Nguyen
|• City manager||Eddie Manfro|
|• Total||10.04 sq mi (26.01 km2)|
|• Land||10.04 sq mi (26.01 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||39 ft (12 m)|
|• Density||9,118.20/sq mi (3,520.56/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652811, 2412236|
Westminster is bordered by the city of Seal Beach on the west, by Garden Grove on the north and east, and by Huntington Beach and Fountain Valley on the south. Santa Ana, the county seat of Orange County, is right next to Westminster on the east but is divided by a small part of Garden Grove. Westminster borders the unincorporated area of Midway City, except for a small portion where Midway City borders Huntington Beach on the south.
Westminster won the All-America City Award in 1996.
In the court case, Mendez v. Westminster, a Hispanic man sued the Westminster School District for forcing his daughter, Sylvia Mendez, to attend a run-down school because of her race. They eventually won and thus began the process of desegregation. Sylvia Mendez was later awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama in February 15, 2011.
Westminster was founded in 1870 by Rev. Lemuel Webber as a Presbyterian temperance colony. The name is derived from the Westminster Assembly of 1643, which established the basic tenets of the Presbyterian faith. During the early years of its history, farmers refused to harvest grapes since they associated grapes with alcohol.
Westminster was incorporated in 1957, at which time it had 10,755 residents. Originally, the city was named Tri-City because it was to be the amalgamation of three cities: Westminster, Barber City, and Midway City. Midway City ultimately refused incorporation, leaving only Barber City to be absorbed into the newly incorporated Westminster. The former Barber City was located in the western portion of the current city of Westminster.
Westminster is located at 33°45′5″N 117°59′38″W (33.752418, -117.993938). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.0 square miles (26 km2), all land. The San Diego Freeway and a short segment of the Garden Grove Freeway pass through Westminster.
|Climate data for Westminster|
|Average high °F (°C)||69.1
|Average low °F (°C)||46.9
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.18
|Source: www.intellicast.com, September 2017|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Westminster had a population of 89,701. The population density was 8,926.5 people per square mile (3,446.5/km²). The racial makeup of Westminster was 32,037 (35.7%) White (25.6% Non-Hispanic White), 849 (0.9%) African American, 397 (0.4%) Native American, 42,597 (47.5%) Asian, 361 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 10,229 (11.4%) from other races, and 3,231 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,176 persons (23.6%). A total of 36,058 residents were of Vietnamese ancestry (40.2% of city residents), the highest concentration of Vietnamese Americans of any community in the United States.
The Census reported that 89,031 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 381 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 289 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 26,164 households, out of which 10,759 (41.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 14,986 (57.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,681 (14.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,810 (6.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,114 (4.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 151 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,247 households (16.2%) were made up of individuals and 2,170 (8.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40. There were 20,477 families (78.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.74.
The population was spread out with 20,920 people (23.3%) under the age of 18, 8,568 people (9.6%) aged 18 to 24, 24,065 people (26.8%) aged 25 to 44, 23,356 people (26.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 12,792 people (14.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.
There were 27,650 housing units at an average density of 2,751.5 per square mile (1,062.4/km²), of which 15,135 (57.8%) were owner-occupied, and 11,029 (42.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.3%. 51,408 people (57.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 37,623 people (41.9%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 88,207 people, 26,406 households, and 20,411 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,724.2 inhabitants per square mile (3,368.6/km²). There were 26,940 housing units at an average density of 2,664.5 per square mile (1,028.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 45.79% White, 0.99% African American, 0.61% Native American, 38.13% Asian, 0.46% Pacific Islander, 10.19% from other races, and 3.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.70% of the population.
There were 26,406 households out of which 37.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.32 and the average family size was 3.71.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,450, and the median income for a family was $54,399. Males had a median income of $37,157 versus $28,392 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,218. About 10.7% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
In the United States House of Representatives, Westminster is split between California's 47th congressional district, represented by Democrat Alan Lowenthal, and California's 48th congressional district, represented by Democrat Harley Rouda.
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Westminster School District||1029|
|5||City of Westminster||320|
|8||Westminster High School||200|
|9||J. C. Penney Co||185|
The city's major shopping mall is Westminster Mall, which consists of more than 180 stores. The mall is located south of the 405 freeway, between Goldenwest Street and Edwards Street. Westminster's Little Saigon community is home to the Asian Garden Mall (Phước Lộc Thọ), a large Asian mall.
Four school districts have boundaries that cover parts of Westminster:
- A memorial and final resting place for the victims of the Pan Am plane involved in the Tenerife Disaster of March 27, 1977, is located in Westminster.
- The Vietnam War Memorial is located Sid Goldstein Freedom Park, next to the Westminster Civic Center. The project was initiated by Westminster City Councilman Frank G. Fry in 1997 and completed in 2003.
- Final resting place for frontman Bradley Nowell of the band Sublime. Nowell died of a heroin overdose in his San Francisco hotel room on May 25, 1996.
- A statue is dedicated to Trần Hưng Đạo, with the road Bolsa Avenue given an alternative name "Đại Lộ Trần Hưng Đạo", translating to "Trần Hưng Đạo Boulevard".
Notable people and groups
- Harrod Blank, documentary filmmaker
- Jeromy Burnitz, MLB player
- Mike Burns, MLB player
- Paul Caligiuri, retired American soccer player
- Mark Eaton, former Utah Jazz player
- Danny Flores (1929–2006), head of the rock group The Champs
- Ken Hoang, professional video gamer and contestant on Survivor Gabon
- Gerard Huerta, designer of the AC/DC logo and other logos
- Ryan Klesko, former MLB first baseman
- Nguyễn Cao Kỳ (1930–2011), former Prime Minister of South Vietnam, lived in exile in Westminster, where he ran a liquor store
- Iris Kyle, 10-time overall Ms. Olympia professional bodybuilder
- Carlos Palomino, former welterweight boxing champion
- Vang Pao, Hmong former Major General of the Royal Lao Army
- Nam Phan, professional mixed martial artist and a contestant in The Ultimate Fighter: Team GSP vs. Team Koscheck
- Poreotics, dance crew who won ABDC Season 5 in 2010
- Dylan Rieder, American professional skateboarder, artist, and model
- Stafford Repp, American film & television actor
- Westminster Chorus, won the Pavarotti Trophy of Choir of the World 2009
- Geoff Zanelli, prominent Emmy Award-Winning film & TV composer Geoff Zanelli
- Robin Dodson, former world champion pool player and Hall of Fame member.
- "Westminster, California". Retrieved November 3, 2008.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "MAYOR AND CITY COUNCIL MEMBERS". City of Westminster. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
- "City Manager". City of Westminster. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- "Westminster". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Westminster (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- "City of Westminster - History". www.ci.westminster.ca.us. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
- "AAC Winners by State and City". National Civic League. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Westminster historic weather averages". Intellicast. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Westminster city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Westminster (city) QuickFacts".
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- "Communities of Interest - City". California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Do, Anh (August 28, 2019). "Infighting threatens Westminster's leadership and its Vietnamese American council majority". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
- City of Westminster CAFR
- "Contact Us". DVS Shoes. DVS Shoes. December 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Vietnam War Memorial in Westminster". letsgoseeit.com.
- "Jeromy Burnitz Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- "Mike Burns Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- "Mark Eaton". Basketball-Reference.Com. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- "Ryan Klesko Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- Karnow, p. 457.
- "Indo-china: The Privileged Exiles". Time. May 12, 1975. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Westminster (California).|