Western Tokyo

Western Tokyo, also known as the Tama area (多摩地域, Tama chiiki), Tama region (多摩地方, Tama-chihō) or toka (都下), in the Tokyo Metropolis consists of 30 ordinary municipalities (cities (市 shi), towns (町 machi) and one village (村 mura)), unlike the eastern part which consists of 23 special wards.[1]

Western Tokyo
Western Tokyo (green) within Tokyo Prefecture
CountryJapan
IslandHonshū
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo
Area
  26 cities,
3 towns,
1 village
1,160 km2 (450 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2018)
  26 cities,
3 towns,
1 village
4,233,493
  Density3,650/km2 (9,500/sq mi)

Overview

Whereas in the east of Tokyo Metropolis the 23 special wards occupy the area that was formerly Tokyo City, the west consists of 30 other ordinary municipalities: cities (Nos. 1–26), towns (Nos. 27, 28, 30) and a village (No. 29).

List of cities, towns and village

No. Flag Name Japanese (kanji) Hiragana Population
(as of October 2016)
Density
(/km²)
Area
(km²)
01Hachiōji八王子市はちおうじし 0577,25403,0970186.38
02Tachikawa立川市たちかわし 0180,21407,3980024.36
03Musashino武蔵野市むさしのし 0147,60713,4430010.98
04Mitaka三鷹市みたかし 0191,40811,6570016.42
05Ōme青梅市おうめし 0134,85701,3050103.31
06Fuchū府中市ふちゅうし 0263,83508,9650029.43
07Akishima昭島市あきしまし 0111,94206,4560017.34
08Chōfu調布市ちょうふし 0237,63711,0120021.58
09Machida町田市まちだし 0433,93806,0650071.80
10Koganei小金井市こがねいし 0124,71211,0360011.30
11Kodaira小平市こだいらし 0194,75709,4960020.51
12Hino日野市ひのし 0188,99006,8600027.55
13Higashimurayama東村山市ひがしむらやまし 0150,10108,7570017.14
14Kokubunji国分寺市こくぶんじし 0126,31711,0220011.46
15Kunitachi国立市くにたちし 0075,02209,2050008.15
16Fussa福生市ふっさし 0058,18405,7270010.16
17Komae狛江市こまえし 0083,00312,9900006.39
18Higashiyamato東大和市ひがしやまとし 0084,48006,2950013.42
19Kiyose清瀬市きよせし 0075,40007,3700010.23
20Higashikurume東久留米市ひがしくるめし 0116,30909,0300012.88
21Musashimurayama武蔵村山市むさしむらやまし 0071,80404,6870015.32
22Tama多摩市たまし 0147,82207,0360021.01
23Inagi稲城市いなぎし 0090,77405,0510017.97
24Hamura羽村市はむらし 0055,00405,5560009.90
25Akirunoあきる野市あきるのし 0080,24201,0920073.47
26Nishitōkyō西東京市にしとうきょうし 0203,25812,9050015.75
27Mizuho瑞穂町みずほまち 0032,86701,9510016.85
28Hinode日の出町ひのでまち 0017,226006140028.07
29Hinohara檜原村ひのはらむら 0002,07300019.70105.41
30Okutama奥多摩町おくたままち 0005,02300022.30225.53
Overall 4,233,49303,6501,160

The towns of Hinode, Mizuho, and Okutama, and the village of Hinohara make up the non-contiguous Nishitama District.

The offshore islands of Tokyo (including the Bonin, Volcano, Izu island chains, and the uninhabited islands of Okinotorishima and Minamitorishima) are not considered part of Western Tokyo.

History

Under the Ritsuryō system, Western Tokyo was part of Musashi Province. The provincial capital was at Fuchū. The provincial temple (kokubunji) was at Kokubunji and the principal shrine (ichinomiya) was at Tama.

Western Tokyo previously consisted of three districts:

  • Nishi-Tama District (西多摩郡, Nishi-Tama-gun) (lit. "Western Tama") encompassed the present-day cities of Akiruno, Fussa, Hamura, and Ōme; in addition to the four municipalities (3 towns and a village) that still remain a part of the district.
  • Minami-Tama District (南多摩郡, Minami-Tama-gun) (lit. "Southern Tama") covered the area now occupied by Hachiōji, Hino, Inagi, Tama, and Machida. With the formation of Inagi (the last city to be created in Tokyo in 1971), Minamitama District ceased to exist.
  • Kita-Tama District (北多摩郡, Kita-Tama-gun) (lit. "Northern Tama") consisted of the locations of the present-day cities of Akishima, Chōfu, Fuchū, Higashikurume, Higashimurayama, Higashiyamato, Kiyose, Kodaira, Koganei, Kokubunji, Komae, Kunitachi, Mitaka, Musashimurayama, Musashino, Nishitokyo, and Tachikawa, as well as some land now in Setagaya. With the establishment of the city of Musashimurayama in 1970, Kitatama District ceased to exist.

References

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