Western Germany

Western Germany (German: Westdeutschland) is a region in the west of Germany. The exact area defined by the term is not constant, but it usually includes North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse. The Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate are also sometimes included but are usually considered Southwestern Germany. Though located in Western Germany, Lower Saxony (including Hamburg) is almost always referred to as a part of Northern Germany both culturally and geographically. Likewise, though to a lesser extent Hesse is considered to foremost be a Central German state.

West of the Harz in Central Germany, or the line between the cities of Hamburg and Munich, is the western part, but again, these distinctions must only be considered very loosely, especially not in a political sense.

Politically, Germans often still identify the term Westdeutschland with the Bonn Republic, the Cold War-era West Germany. Therefore, the English-language distinction between "West Germany" and "Western Germany" is rarely made in German. However, the latter can be specified as der Westen Deutschlands, "the West of Germany."

Major cities

Where a city has different names in English and German, the English name is given first.

State capital
Rank City Pop.
1950
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1980
Pop.
1990
Pop.
2000
Pop.
2010
Area
[km²]
Density
per km²
Growth
[%]
(2000–
2010)
surpassed
100,000
State
(Bundesland)
1. Cologne / Köln594,941801,142849,451976,694953,551962,8841,007,119405,172,4864.591852 North Rhine-Westphalia
2. Frankfurt am Main532,037675,009666,179629,375644,865648,550679,664248,312,7374.801875 Hesse
3. Düsseldorf500,516697,891660,963590,479575,794569,364588,735217,222,7103.401882 North Rhine-Westphalia
4. Dortmund507,349640,802640,642608,297599,055588,994580,444280,712,068−1.451894 North Rhine-Westphalia
5. Essen605,411729,462696,419647,643626,973595,243574,635210,322,732−3.461896 North Rhine-Westphalia
6. Duisburg410,783503,641452,721558,089535,447514,915489,599232,832,103−4.921904 North Rhine-Westphalia
7. Bochum289,804362,490343,809400,757396,486391,147374,737145,662,573−4.201904 North Rhine-Westphalia
8. Wuppertal363,224421,378417,694393,381383,660366,434349,721168,392,077−4.561884 North Rhine-Westphalia
9. Bonn115,394146,889275,722288,148292,234302,247324,899141,222,3017.491934 North Rhine-Westphalia
10. Bielefeld153,613174,527168,609312,708319,037321,758323,270257,921,2530.471930 North Rhine-Westphalia
11. Münster118,496180,871198,878269,696259,438265,609279,803302,969245.341915 North Rhine-Westphalia
12. Wiesbaden220,741257,293250,715274,464260,301270,109275,976203,931,3532.171905 Hesse
13. Aachen129,811170,367175,451243,947241,861244,386258,664160,841,6085.841888 North Rhine-Westphalia
14. Mönchengladbach124,879152,414151,085258,424259,436263,014257,993170,451,514−1.911921 North Rhine-Westphalia
15. Gelsenkirchen315,460388,608347,074304,386293,714278,695257,981104,942,458−7.431903 North Rhine-Westphalia
Rank City Pop.
1950
Pop.
1960
Pop.
1970
Pop.
1980
Pop.
1990
Pop.
2000
Pop.
2010
Area
[km²]
Density
per km²
Growth
[%]
(2000–
2010)
surpassed
100,000
State
(Land)

See also

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