West South Central states

The West South Central States form one of the nine Census Bureau Divisions of the United States that are officially designated by the United States Census Bureau.

Four states compose the division: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and the state that dominates the region is Texas. It is larger in area and population than the three others combined. The division is one of the three that together make up the broader Census Bureau Region known as the South (the other two being the South Atlantic States and the East South Central States).[1]

The unofficial term South Central States refers to approximately the same area.

Demographics

As of 2013, the West South Central States had a combined population of 37,849,785. The West South Central region covers 443,501 square miles.

States in the West South Central Region
State2013 CensusLand Area
Arkansas2,949,13153,179
Louisiana4,601,89351,843
Oklahoma3,850,56869,898
Texas26,448,193268,581
Top Ten Largest Cities by Population in the West South Central Region
City2013 Pop.
1Houston, Texas2,195,914
2San Antonio, Texas1,409,019
3Dallas, Texas1,257,676
4Austin, Texas885,400
5Fort Worth, Texas792,727
6El Paso, Texas674,433
7Oklahoma City, Oklahoma610,613
8Tulsa, Oklahoma398,121
9Arlington, Texas379,577
10New Orleans, Louisiana378,715
Top Ten Largest Metropolitan Areas by Population in the West South Central Region
MSA2010 Pop.
1Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA6,426,214
2Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX MSA5,920,416
3San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX MSA,2,142,508
4Austin-Round Rock-Georgetown, TX MSA1,716,289
5Oklahoma City, OK MSA1,252,987
6New Orleans-Metairie, LA MSA1,189,866
7Tulsa, OK MSA937,478
8El Paso, TX MSA804,123
9Baton Rouge, LA MSA802,484
10McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX MSA774,769

Politics in the West South Central States

Parties
Democratic-RepublicanDemocraticWhigRepublicanDixiecratAmerican Independent
  • Bold denotes election winner.
Presidential electoral votes in the West South Central States since 1812
YearArkansasLouisianaOklahomaTexas
1812No electionMadisonNo electionNo election
1816No electionMonroeNo electionNo election
1820No electionMonroeNo electionNo election
1824No electionJacksonNo electionNo election
1828No electionJacksonNo electionNo election
1832No electionJacksonNo electionNo election
1836Van BurenVan BurenNo electionNo election
1840Van BurenHarrisonNo electionNo election
1844PolkPolkNo electionNo election
1848CassTaylorNo electionCass
1852PiercePierceNo electionPierce
1856BuchananBuchananNo electionBuchanan
1860BreckinridgeBreckinridgeNo electionBreckinridge
1864No electionLincolnNo electionNo election
1868GrantSeymourNo electionNo election
1872GrantGrantNo electionHendricks
1876TildenHayesNo electionTilden
1880HancockHancockNo electionHancock
1884ClevelandClevelandNo electionCleveland
1888ClevelandClevelandNo electionCleveland
1892ClevelandClevelandNo electionCleveland
1896BryanBryanNo electionBryan
1900BryanBryanNo electionBryan
1904ParkerParkerNo electionParker
1908BryanBryanBryanBryan
1912WilsonWilsonWilsonWilson
1916WilsonWilsonWilsonWilson
1920CoxCoxHardingCox
1924DavisDavisDavisDavis
1928SmithSmithHooverHoover
1932RooseveltRooseveltRooseveltRoosevelt
1936RooseveltRooseveltRooseveltRoosevelt
1940RooseveltRooseveltRooseveltRoosevelt
1944RooseveltRooseveltRooseveltRoosevelt
1948TrumanThurmondTrumanTruman
1952StevensonStevensonEisenhowerEisenhower
1956StevensonEisenhowerEisenhowerEisenhower
1960KennedyKennedyNixonKennedy
1964JohnsonGoldwaterJohnsonJohnson
1968WallaceWallaceNixonHumphrey
1972NixonNixonNixonNixon
1976CarterCarterFordCarter
1980ReaganReaganReaganReagan
1984ReaganReaganReaganReagan
1988BushBushBushBush
1992ClintonClintonBushBush
1996ClintonClintonDoleDole
2000BushBushBushBush
2004BushBushBushBush
2008McCainMcCainMcCainMcCain
2012RomneyRomneyRomneyRomney
2016TrumpTrumpTrumpTrump
YearArkansasLouisianaOklahomaTexas

Sports

Within the Major North American professional sports leagues, the first team in the region were founded in 1960: the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League and the Houston Oilers of the American Football League. The Oilers relocated after 1996, whereas two more teams in the region joined the NFL: the Houston Texans (2002) and New Orleans Saints (1967).

Two Major League Baseball teams are based in the region: Houston Astros (1962) and Texas Rangers (1972). The region has five NBA teams: San Antonio Spurs (1967), Houston Rockets (1971), Dallas Mavericks (1980), New Orleans Pelicans (2002) and Oklahoma City Thunder (2008).

National Hockey League features the Dallas Stars since 1993. Texas also has two Major League Soccer teams: FC Dallas (1996) and Houston Dynamo (2006), whereas the Dallas Tornado played the North American Soccer League from 1968 to 1981.

Collegiate athletics have deep significance in the region's culture, especially football. The Southwest Conference was based in the region from 1914 to 1996. Currently the Big 12 Conference has four teams from Texas and two from Oklahoma, whereas the Southeastern Conference has one team from Texas, one from Arkansas and one from Louisiana.

According to a survey of Division I-A coaches, the Red River Shootout, the rivalry between the Oklahoma Sooners and Texas Longhorns, ranks the third best in the nation.[2] The Bedlam Series is the rivalry between the Oklahoma Sooners and Oklahoma State Cowboys. The TCU Horned Frogs and SMU Mustangs also share a rivalry and compete annually in the Battle for the Iron Skillet.

References

  1. Archived copy at the Library of Congress (January 7, 2013).
  2. Davis, Brian (October 7, 2005). "UT-OU : Best Rivalry?". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 11, 2006.

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