Waste management in Russia

Russia is a big producer of waste as one of the biggest economies in the world. As the disposable income of Russian households increased throughout the 2000s,[1] consumption increased, which led to increased waste generation.[2]

Over 200 cities in Russia exceed pollution limits, and this is increasing as more vehicles appear on the roads.[3]


Federal law "On Production and Consumption of Waste and the Development of Basic Regulations".[4][5]

Hazard classifications

Hazard classHazard descriptionWaste stream project examplesInternational definition
1Extremely hazardousMercury containing fluorescent lights, activated carbon contaminated with mercury sulphideHazardous
2High hazardConcentrated acids, alkalines, halogenated solvents, lead acid batteries, dry batteries, etc.Hazardous
3Moderate hazardUsed lubrication oil, oily sludge, oily rags, used oil filters, non-halogenated solvents, paint wastes, etc.Hazardous/nonhazardous
4Low hazardDomestic trash, non-ferrous metal scrap, some chemicals, some construction waste, treated sewage sludge, treated medical wastes, water-based drilling mud, etc.Nonhazardous
5Practically non-hazardousInert wastes: plastic, ferrous metal scrap, inert construction wastes, food waste, brush wood, nontreated wood wasteNonhazardous


Nuclear waste

Attempts to create a comprehensive legislative act which would regulate radioactive waste management in Russia have been made since 1992. In 1995, a draft federal law "On the State Policy in the Sphere of Radioactive Waste Management" was developed. However, the Federation Council rejected the specified bill. A conciliation committee was established. After certain amendments have been made to the bill, its name was changed to "On Radioactive Waste Management". This wording was adopted by two chambers of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and was submitted for signature to the president. However, the Russian president dismissed the bill and sent it for revision. As a result, in 2001, the specified bill was excluded from further consideration by the State Duma. In 2008, Rosatom Federal Atomic Energy Agency promulgated the bill "On Radioactive Waste Management".


  1. "Investing in Russia" (PDF). KPMG. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 January 2016.
  2. "What a Waste" (PDF). World Bank. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 January 2019. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  3. Curtis, Glenn E., ed. (1996). "Russia: A country study". Environmental problems. Washington: GPO (United States Government Printing Office) for the Library of Congress. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  4. "OECD : RUSSIAN FEDERATION" (PDF). Oecd.org. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  5. "New Commercial Waste Ordinance". Thursday, 8 February 2018
  6. "Chapter 10 Solid Waste Management" (PDF). Sakhalinenergy.ru. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  7. "Waste Management Responsibilities for Producers and Importers in Russia". Lidings.com. Retrieved 16 December 2017.

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