Waste management in Armenia

Armenia is underdeveloped in its waste management and recycling activities.

According to Statistical Committee of Armenia organizations produced 55.2 million metric tons of waste in 2016.[1] Which runs down to about 18.5 metric ton per capita in year 2016 and probably includes abundant mining waste too. According to Waste Atlas, Armenia produces 368,618 tonnes of MSW per year or 119.8 kilograms (264 lb) per capita/year.[2]

On May 4, 2018, modifications of relevant legislation aimed at strengthening responsibility for proper waste management were approved.[3][4][5]

In recent years there have been several attempts initiated by public activists to address this problem including the "Toprak Petq Chi" (Eng - I don't need a plastic bag) initiative targeting single-use plastic bags.[6]

Waste management in Yerevan

Municipal government of Yerevan - the capital of Armenia has made attempts to solve the problem for the city with a long term development plan, which includes three main phases:

  1. In winter 2014, an international tender was announced for garbage collection. Two companies were chosen Lebanese waste management company called Sanitek who later opened a branch in Yerevan for operations in that city and Armenian/Swedish Companies called Ecogroup and LL Miliconsult. [7] [8]
  2. In summer 2016 The Armenian parliament ratified a loan agreement signed with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), which is providing an €8 million loan to Armenia to finance the construction of a solid waste landfill in Yerevan that will comply with EU regulations.[9]
  3. According to the municipal government of Yerevan, the third step is aimed at introducing sorting out and recycling practices with projects that meet European Union standards and regulations.


  1. In recent times, some recycling initiative have started to shape the infrastructure. Namely, Apaga, also known as ApagaCommunity CJSC [10] has started offering a paid pickup service, mirroring similar project across more developed countries. Though in these countries, recycling programs are taxpayer sponsored. Apaga enables individuals and organizations who take responsibility for their waste and want to participate, to voluntarily pay for a pickup service and get some rewards in return in the forms of discounts for individuals and green PR for organizations.
  2. In order to allow everyone to benefit from recycling, Apaga is implementing new Smart Recycling Containers called SmartApaga Containers where anyone with their personal, unique QR code can dispose of their plastics and get ApagaCoins (in-app currency) to exchange for rewards from their rewards partners.


Sixty landfills exist in Armenia. No waste sorting, recycling, or reuse takes place at any of them. Instead, garbage is dumped into a working area and then flattened using a bulldozer to create a layer of garbage 300 centimetres (120 in) thick.[11]

The Nubarashen landfill, located near Yerevan (40°6′24.19″N 44°32′49.26″E), is Armenia's largest waste disposal site. It receives almost all of the solid waste produced in the city of Yerevan and its suburbs, which is about 340 tons per day, or 102,000 tons per year.[12] The site has accumulated over 7.5 million tons of domestic waste over 50 years.[11]

A waste processing plant is scheduled for construction near Hrazdan city, which will allow for closure of 10 waste dumps.[13]


  1. "Ժամանակագրական շարքեր / Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Ազգային վիճակագրության ծառայություն". www.armstat.am. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  2. www.atlas.d-waste.com Archived 2014-10-07 at the Wayback Machine Waste Atlas (2012). Country Data: ARMENIA
  3. "Arminfo: В Армении будет упорядочен процесс управления твердыми отходами". Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  4. "National Assembly of Armenia | Official Web Site | parliament.am". www.parliament.am. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  5. "National Assembly of Armenia | Official Web Site | parliament.am". www.parliament.am. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  6. "the project". TOPRAK PETQ CHI. Retrieved 2016-09-16.
  7. "Capital Clean-Up: Foreign garbage-removal operator starts work in Yerevan - News | ArmeniaNow.com". www.armenianow.com. Retrieved 2016-09-16. Unsafe website
  8. "The works of International garbage disposal operator have been started". Retrieved 2016-09-16.
  9. "The issues related to the construction of the new landfill site have been discussed with the consulting company". Retrieved 2016-09-16.
  10. "ApagaCommunity CJSC Webpage". www.apagacommunity.com. Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  11. In Armenia Waste is Not Yet Profitable, Hetq Online, June 25, 2007.
  12. With a Visit to Armenia's Largest Dump, UNDP and the Ministry of Nature Protection Launch Environment Week, UNDP, July 6, 2004.
  13. LLC, Helix Consulting. ""We have good reasons to boast economic growth in the coming years" - Karen Karapetyan Pleased with 2017 Indices in Kotayk Marz". www.gov.am. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
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