Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster

Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster, 2nd Lord of Connaught (c.1230 – 28 July 1271), also spelt Bourke or Burke, was an Irish peer from the House of Burke.

Walter de Burgh
Arms of de Burgh: Or, a cross gules
Died(1271-07-28)28 July 1271
Title1st Earl of Ulster
Other titles2nd Lord of Connaught
Spouse(s)Lady Maud de Lacy (1264)
Aveline FitzJohn FitzGeoffrey
ParentsRichard Mór de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connaught
Egidia de Lacy


De Burgh was the second son of Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Lord of Connaught and Egidia de Lacy. He founded Athassel Priory.

In 1243, he succeeded his father as Lord of Connacht. In a royal order from Westminster in September 1247, Sir John FitzGeoffrey was charged by the King with seizing the lands of Walter de Burgh's older brother Richard, who had died. The de Burgh lands in Connaught were being held by John de Livet, likely the son of Gilbert de Lyvet, one of the earliest Lord Mayors of Dublin and Marmaduke de Eschales (Scales).

In 1264, he married a cousin Lady Maud de Lacy, only daughter and heiress of Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster (by his second wife, Emmeline de Riddlesford, the daughter of Walter de Riddlesford). That year De Burgh was created Earl of Ulster in her right.[1][2] In 1270, he and Walter de Ufford, the Justiciar of Ireland, were defeated by Aedh mac Felim Ua Conchobair at Ath an Chip.

He married secondly Aveline, daughter of Sir John FitzGeoffrey, Justiciar of Ireland, by his wife, Isabel Bigod.

He died, aged about 40, in Galway, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster (The Red Earl of Ulster). Other children were three sons, Theobald, William and Thomas, and daughter, Egidia, who married Sir James Stewart (1260–1309), High Steward of Scotland.[3]

Family tree

  Walter de Burgh of Burgh Castle, Norfolk.
  |                                    |                                                |                              |
  |                                    |                                                |                              |
 William de Burgh, died 1205.    Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent, died 1243.  Geoffrey de Burgh, died 1228.  Thomas de Burgh
  |                                        (issue; John and Hubert)                          
  |                                                                          |                                             
  |                                                                          |                                              
  Richard Mór de Burgh, 1st Baron of Connaught Richard Óge de Burgh    
  |                                                      (ancestor of Ulick Burke of Annaghkeen)
  |                                                               |
  |                                                               |
  Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster                William Óg de Burgh
  |                                                               |
  |                                                               |
  Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster Edmond Albanach de Burgh
  |                                                                 |
  |                                                                 |
  John de Burgh Edmond de Burgh, 1298–1338.
  |                                                                 |    
  |                                                                 |_______________________
  William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster                         |                      |
  |                                                                 |                      |
  |                                                            Sir Richard, fl. 1387.   Sir David, fl. 1387.
  Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster                        |                  |
  |                                                                 |                      |
  |                                                      Burke of Castleconnell Burke of Muskerryquirk 
  Philippa, 5th Countess of Ulster Burke of Brittas
  Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March

References (family tree)

  • A New History of Ireland, volume IX, Oxford, 1984;
    • Earls of Ulster and Lords of Connacht, 1205–1460 (De Burgh, De Lacy and Mortimer), p. 170;
    • Mac William Burkes: Mac William Iochtar (de Burgh), Lords of Lower Connacht and Viscounts of Mayo, 1332–1649, p. 171;
    • Burke of Clanricard: Mac William Uachtar (de Burgh), Lords of Upper Connacht and Earls of Clanricard, 1332–1722.


  1. O'Donovan, John (1856). Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland. Hodges, Smith and Company. p. 393. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  2. Banks, Thomas Christopher (1843). Baronia Anglica concentrata; or, a Concentrated Account of all the Baronies commonly called Baronies in Fee. Author. p. 206. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  3. Archer 1886.


  • Archer, Thomas Andrew (1886). "Burgh, Walter de" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 7. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis; Lines 73-30, 177B-8, 177B-9.
  • The Tribes and customs of Hy-Many, John O'Donovan, 1843
  • The Surnames of Ireland, Edward MacLysaght, Dublin, 1978.
  • The Anglo-Normans in Co. Galway: the process of colonisation, Patrick Holland, Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, vol. 41,(1987–88)
  • Excavation on the line of the medieval town defences of Loughrea, Co. Galway, J.G.A.& H.S., vol. 41, (1987–88)
  • Anglo-Norman Galway; rectangular earthworks and moated sites, Patrick Holland, J.G.A. & H.S., vol. 46 (1993)
  • Rindown Castle: a royal fortress in Co. Roscommon, Sheelagh Harbison, J.G.A. & H.S., vol. 47 (1995)
  • The Anglo-Norman landscape in County Galway; land-holdings, castles and settlements, Patrick Holland, J.G.A.& H.S., vol. 49 (1997)
  • Annals of Ulster at CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts at University College Cork
  • Annals of Tigernach at CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts at University College Cork
  • Revised edition of McCarthy's synchronisms at Trinity College Dublin.
Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster
Born: c.1230 Died: 28 July 1271
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Ulster
Succeeded by
Richard Óg de Burgh
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