Würzburg train attack
On 18 July 2016, Afghan refugee Riaz Khan Ahmadzai attacked and injured four people, two critically, on a train near Würzburg in Germany. A fifth person was injured outside. The attacker was a 17-year-old asylum seeker, armed with a knife and hatchet. The state office of criminal investigations called it a terrorist attack with an Islamist religious motive.
|Würzburg train attack|
|Part of Terrorism in Germany (Islamic terrorism in Europe (2014–present) and Spillover of the Syrian Civil War)|
|Location||Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany|
|Date||18 July 2016 |
21:00 CEST (UTC+2)
|Mass stabbing, hacking, terrorism|
|Deaths||1 (the perpetrator)|
|Assailants||Riaz Khan Ahmadzai|
The attack happened at around 21:00 CEST on a train traveling on the line between Treuchtlingen and Würzburg. The victims (a husband, wife, their daughter and her boyfriend) were from Hong Kong. A fifth victim, attacked outside the train, was a local woman. Fourteen witnesses were treated for shock. The attacker tried to flee and was shot dead by Special Deployment Commandos after they confronted him and he tried to attack them with the hatchet.
German authorities later discovered evidence showing that the perpetrator, identified as Riaz Khan Ahmadzai, was in contact with a suspected Islamic State member and had originally been asked to drive a car into a crowd of people. Ahmadzai declined this suggestion as he was not able to drive the car. Instead, he told his contact that he would plan and carry out a train attack.
Late on 18 July 2016, a youth with a hatchet and a knife injured four Hong Kongers on a train in Würzburg, Germany. A fifth person, a woman who was walking her dog, was "hit with the axe twice in the face" and seriously injured. The perpetrator was located by the police about 500 m (1,600 ft) from the train. As they approached him, he tried to attack and was shot dead. He reportedly shouted "Allahu Akbar!" during the attack, according to Oliver Platzer, a spokesman for the Bavarian Interior Ministry. Public prosecutor Erik Ohlenschlagern said police heard the attacker call out "Allahu Akbar!" in a recorded emergency call from a witness' mobile phone.
On 20 July, it was announced the Attorney General Peter Frank had taken over the investigation, because it is believed "the assassin committed the offence as a member of the so-called Islamic State."
Riaz Khan Ahmadzai, born on 6 April 1999 (Pashto: رياض خان احمدزی), also known as Muhammad Riyad, was reported to be a 17-year-old Afghan male who arrived in Germany as an unaccompanied child refugee in 2015. He first lived in a refugee camp in Ochsenfurt, then for two weeks with a foster family in Gaukönigshofen 5.6 kilometres (3.5 mi) southwest of Ochsenfurt, both in the district Würzburg. German prosecutors learnt the perpetrator wanted to avenge the death of a friend who had been killed in Afghanistan.
Die Welt reported that "he was a devout Muslim," but was not perceived as fanatical. Amaq News Agency published a two-and-a-half minute video, allegedly of him speaking in Pashto, proclaiming himself a soldier of the Caliphate, threatening further ISIL attacks in "every village, city and airport" and holding a knife. German officials were checking if the man in the video was in fact the attacker. The Chief of the German Chancellery, Peter Altmaier, told ZDF television, "The security authorities expect that this video is in all likelihood authentic".
Police found a hand-painted ISIL flag at his foster family's home, along with a letter he appeared to have written to his father, which they said read: "And now pray for me that I can get revenge on these non-believers, pray for me that I go to heaven."
Authorities temporarily closed the train line between Ochsenfurt and Würzburg-Heidingsfeld.
Bavarian Interior Minister Joachim Herrmann said, "There are witnesses that suggest there may be an Islamic background to this but that is far from clear at this point." Both he and Landeskriminalamt spokesman Fabian Hench declined to confirm the attacker said "Allahu Akbar". Herrmann said it did not appear the victims were targeted for being Chinese. On 21 July, Joachim Herrmann demanded stricter control of the German borders. People without valid papers had to be adhered and checked at the border. "We can't let it slide this way anymore", Herrmann said. Hermann also criticised slow asylum proceedings. No fingerprints were taken of the perpetrator and no hearing of him took place.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel condemned the attack as an "incredibly cruel act" and promised that everything would be done by the authorities to prevent further attacks.
Rolf Tophoven, director of the Crisis Prevention Institute in Essen told Le Monde that the perpetrator was "integrated" and wasn't known to police or intelligence agencies. He said he appeared to have been radicalised overnight, perhaps through frustration, hopelessness and online ISIL propaganda, and that the case appeared similar to that of Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, who committed the 2016 Nice attack, or Omar Mateen of the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, because of their lack of direct connection to ISIL.
Amaq News Agency, an online presence associated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, citing an "inside source", said the attacker was "a soldier of the Islamic State who executed the operation in response to calls to target nations in the coalition fighting the Islamic State".
Hong Kong Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying has condemned the attack as he dispatched a team of immigration officers to accompany the victims’ relatives to Germany. The Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in Berlin dispatched staff to visit the injured. Leung said he was saddened by the incident and expressed his sympathy.
The attack was linked to the European migrant crisis, and was reported to have raised more questions about Angela Merkel's open-door refugee policy. The attack was compared to a knife attack at Hanover main station earlier that year on 26 February.
Former federal minister Renate Künast of the Green Party was ridiculed by police union chief Rainer Wendt as a "parliamentary smart aleck" for asking why the perpetrator was shot dead instead of arrested alive.
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He was then shot dead by police as he began to attack officers with the axe.
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Er schlug ihr mit der Axt zwei Mal ins Gesicht.
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Es bestehe der Verdacht, "dass der Attentäter die Tat als Mitglied des sogenannten Islamischen Staats zielgerichtet begangen hat"
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In Gaukönigshofen, wo der Attentäter seit zwei Wochen in einer Pflegefamilie gelebt hatte, ist nichts mehr, wie es war.
- Angerer, Carlo; Helsel, Phil (19 July 2016). "Man Attacks Passengers on Train in Germany, 3 Severely Hurt". NBC News. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
Hermann was quoted by NBC's German partners ZDF as saying the 17-year-old was an unaccompanied refugee, and lived with a caretaker or foster family in Ochsenfurt, south of Würzburg.
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Er sei gläubiger Muslim gewesen, aber nur an Feiertagen in die Moschee gegangen und nicht als radikal oder fanatisch aufgefallen.
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- Herrmann pocht auf strengere Kontrollen an Grenzen, Rheinische Post, 21 July 2016, in German
- Perrine Mouterde. "Attaque en Allemagne : " Le danger, c'est que ces loups solitaires peuvent faire des émules "". Le Monde. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
’il était intégré et qu’il n’a montré aucun signe de radicalisation. Il avait un comportement normal et n’est jamais apparu sur les radars des services de renseignement, de la police ou des autorités. C’était un gars normal qui vivait au milieu des réfugiés, comme il y en a dans tous les pays. Peut-être qu’il était frustré par sa situation, ne se voyait pas d’avenir. Il a pu regarder la propagande de l’EI sur Internet, les vidéos, etc., jusqu’à ce que se produise cette « radicalisation éclair », du jour au lendemain. Il semble pour l’instant que son cas soit assez similaire à celui du tueur de Nice
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- Philip Oltermann. "Germany's first attack by radicalised asylum seeker alarms officials". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
German terrorist experts have drawn comparisons between Monday night’s attack and an incident in Hanover on 26 February, in which 15-year-old student Safia S stabbed a policeman in the neck during a routine ID check. Security agencies in Germany were still investigating the student’s claims that she had been acting upon orders from Isis.
- "German politicians slow to react to Würzburg attack". Deutsche Welle. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2016.