Voiceless velar approximant

The voiceless velar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɰ̊, but this symbol is not suitable in case of the voiceless velar approximant that is unspecified for rounding (the sound represented by the symbol ɰ̊ is specified as unrounded), which is best transcribed as , ɣ̞̊ or ɣ̊˕ - see voiced velar approximant.

Voiceless velar approximant
IPA Number154 402A


Features of the voiceless velar approximant:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.


Norwegian Brekke dialect[1] seg [sɛɰ̊] 'oneself' Coda allophone of /ɡ/; reported to occur only in this word.[1] See Norwegian phonology
Kaldfarnes dialect[1]
Sørkjosen dialect[1] [sæɰ̊]
Undheim dialect[1] [seɰ̊]
Bryne dialect[1] sterkeste [stæɰ̊kɑstə] 'strongest' Allophone of /r/ when it is in contact with voiceless consonants. Exact distribution may differ between dialects. In the Hafrsfjord dialect, [ɰ̊] may also occur in the word seg. See Norwegian phonology
Hafrsfjord dialect[1]
Raundalen dialect[1]
Stanghelle dialect[1]
Fyllingsdalen dialect[1] [stæɰ̊kestɛ]
Spanish Standard European[2] Predrag [ˈpɾe̞ð̞ɾäɣ̞̊] 'Predrag' Allophone of /ɡ/ before a pause.[2] See Spanish phonology

See also



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