Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative

The voiceless retroflex lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The IPA has no symbol for this sound. However, the "belt" of the voiceless lateral fricative is combined with the tail of the retroflex consonants to create the symbol :

Voiceless retroflex lateral fricative
Audio sample
source · help

In 2008, the Unicode Technical Committee accepted the letter as U+A78E LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH RETROFLEX HOOK AND BELT (HTML ꞎ), included in Unicode 6.0.


Features of the voiceless retroflex lateral fricative:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle.


Language IPA Meaning Notes
Toda[1] [pʏːꞎ] 'summer'

See also


  1. "Toda". The UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive. UCLA Department of Linguistics. 2007. Archived from the original on 2012-02-17. Retrieved 2009-09-28. —See #20 in the word list and the word list (TIF). The sound file (WAV) is also available.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.