Voiceless epiglottal trill

The voiceless epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative,[1] is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʜ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is H\.

Voiceless pharyngeal trill
(voiceless epiglottal fricative)
ʜ
IPA Number172
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ʜ
Unicode (hex)U+029C
X-SAMPAH\
Braille
Audio sample
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The glyph is homoglyphic with the lowercase Cyrillic letter En (н).

Features

Features of the voiceless epiglottal trill/fricative:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Agul[2]мехӀ[mɛʜ]'whey'
Arabic[3]Iraqi[4]حَي [ʜaj]'alive' Corresponds to /ħ/ (ح) in Standard Arabic. See Arabic phonology
Chechenхьо[ʜʷɔ]'you'
Dahalo[ʜaːɗo]'arrow'
Haidaants[ʜʌnts]'shadow'

See also

Notes

  1. John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  3. Ladefoged & Maddieson (1996:167–168)
  4. Zeki Hassan, John Esling, Scott Moisik, & lise Crevier-Buchman (2011) "Aryepiglottic trilled variants of /ʕ, ħ/ in Iraqi Arabic". Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (pp. 831834), Hong Kong.

References

  • Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996), The sounds of the World's Languages, Oxford: Blackwell, ISBN 0-631-19815-6
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