Voiced epiglottal affricate

A voiced epiglottal affricate ([ʡ͡ʢ] in IPA) is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as an epiglottal stop [ʡ] and released as a voiced epiglottal fricative [ʢ]. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.

Voiced epiglottal affricate
IPA Number173 174
Audio sample
source · help


Features of the voiced epiglottal affricate:

  • Its manner of articulation is affricate, which means it is produced by first stopping the airflow entirely, then allowing air flow through a constricted channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • Its phonation is voiced, which means the vocal cords vibrate during the articulation.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.


HaidaHydaburg dialect[1]May be a stop [ʡ] instead.[1]


  1. Mithun (2001), p. 18.


  • Mithun, Marianne (2001). The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052129875X.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.