Vizeadmiral, short VAdm in lists VADM, (en: Vice admiral) is a senior naval flag officer rank in the German Navy. It is equivalent to Generalleutnant in the Heer and Luftwaffe or to Admiraloberstabsarzt and/or Generaloberstabsarzt in the Zentraler Sanitätsdienst der Bundeswehr.
Shoulder board and mounting loop
|Rank||General officer group|
|Next higher rank||Admiral|
|Next lower rank||Konteradmiral|
In the German Navy Vizeadmiral is, as in many navies, a three-star rank with a NATO code of OF-8. However, in other German speaking naval forces, e.g. Kaiserliche Marine, Kriegsmarine, Volksmarine, and the Austro-Hungarian K.u.K. Kriegsmarine, Vizeadmiral was an OF-7 two-star flag officer rank.
The official manner of formal addressing of military people with the rank Vizeadmiral (OF-8) is "Herr/Frau Vizeadmiral". However, as to German naval traditions the “Vizeadmiral“ will be addressed "Herr/Frau Admiral".
Rank insignia and rating
Its rank insignia, worn on the sleeves and shoulders, are one five-pointed star above a big gold stripe and two normal once (without the star when rank loops are worn). It is grade B8 in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence.
German Navy officer rank
The sequence of ranks (top-down approach) in that particular group is as follows:
National People's Army
- Vizeadmirals of the GDR Volksmarine
|Born, Hendrik||1944-||Neukirchen, Heinz||1915-1986|
|Hesse, Gustav||1931-2001||Nordin, Wilhelm||1924-1993|
|Hofmann, Hans||1933-||Wansierski, Bruno||1904-1994|
|Insignia of a Vizeadmiral (OF-7) of the Volksmarine|
|Arabesques||Lampasse||Shoulder strap||Cuff title||Command flag|
Imperial German Navy and Kriegsmarine
In the Kaiserliche Marine and Kriegsmarine, Vizeadmiral was an OF-7 one-star flag officer rank equivalent to a Heer or Luftwaffe Generalleutnant, and to an SS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS.
The rank insignia consisted of shoulder strap and sleeve stripes. Shoulder straps had to be worn on uniform jackets and consisted of twisted gold-braids (one pip or star) on padding in navy blue weapon color.
Cuff insignia consisted of one golden big stripe, two normal stripes, and a five-point naval star above. The sleeve rings encircled the lower cuffs.
The last surviving Kriegsmarine Vizeadmiral, Admiralstabsarzt (Surgeon) Emil Greul, died at the age of 97 on 30 October 1993.
In the Austro-Hungarian K.u.K. Kriegsmarine (1849 to 1918) there were the flag-officer ranks Kontreadmiral (also spelled Konterdmiral in the 20th century), Viceadmiral , and Admiral, as well as Großadmiral.
- The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер"