Vipava (river)

The Vipava (in Slovene) or Vipacco (in Italian) or Wipbach / Wippach (in German) is a river that flows through western Slovenia and northeast Italy. The river is 49 kilometres (30 mi) in length, of which 45 km in Slovenia.[1] After entering Italy it joins the Isonzo/Soča in the Municipality of Savogna d'Isonzo. This is a rare river with a delta source, formed by nine main springs.[3] The Battle of the Frigidus was fought near the river, which was named Frigidus ('cold') by the Romans. It has the pluvial-nival regime in its upper course and the pluvial regime in its lower course.[4]

The Vipava in Vipava, flowing under the Tabor Bridge
CountryItaly, Slovenia
Physical characteristics
  locationGradiček (in Slovenia)
  elevation110 m (360 ft) [1]
The Soča (in Italy)
45.8990°N 13.5533°E / 45.8990; 13.5533
35 m (115 ft) [1]
Length49 km (30 mi) [1]
Basin size760 km2 (290 sq mi)
  average17.31 m3 (611 cu ft)[2]
Basin features
ProgressionSočaAdriatic Sea

See also


  1. Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. "Vipava" [Camis Project: Coherent Activities for the Management of the River Soča]. Projekt Camis - Usklajene aktivnosti za upravljanje reke Soče (in Slovenian and Italian). Soča Development Centre. Retrieved 8 February 2006.
  3. Omejc, Alenka (2009). Humar, Janko (ed.). "The Emerald Trail". RDO Smaragdna pot. COBISS 579912. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. Brečko Grubar, Valentina; Kovačič, Gregor (2010). "Pokrajinskoekološka oznaka jadranskega povodja v Sloveniji s poudarkom na kakovosti vodnih virov" [Landscape Ecological Characterization of the Adriatic Sea Basin in Slovenia with an Emphasis on Water Resource Quality]. Annales. Series historia et sociologia (in Slovenian). 20 (1): 153–168.

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