Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Villejuif (Île-de-France (region))
|Coordinates: 48°47′31″N 2°21′49″E|
|• Mayor||Franck Le Bohellec|
|5.34 km2 (2.06 sq mi)|
|• Density||10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||62–130 m (203–427 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The earliest reference to this place appears in a bull signed by the Pope Callixtus II on November 27, 1119. It refers to Villa Judea, the Latinized version of the Old French expression meaning 'Jewish settlement'. During the following centuries, the toponym appears as Villejuifve, that is, following the archaic French spelling of the expression with the same meaning, cognate to modern French Villejuive. The French author from the 17th century Louis Moréri indicates that the settlement was founded by Jews expelled from Paris. This idea, however, remains speculative: available medieval Christian and Jewish sources do not mention the existence of the Jewish community in this place. For this reason, the exact role of Jews in the inception or the development of this town remains obscure. During the 20th century, certain authors suggested other etymological explanations that are, nevertheless, even more speculative and, moreover, do not explain the known Latin and medieval French spellings.
- Camille Loiseau, the Doyenne de France from 26 March 2005 to 12 August 2006, died at the Hôpital Paul-Brousse in Villejuif.
- Issei Sagawa, the Japanese killer and cannibal, was an inmate at high-security Paul Guiraud hospital in Villejuif, in 1982–1984.
- Komitas Vardapet, the founder of modern Armenian classical music.
- Vladimir Ghika, Catholic parish priest from 1923-1930, killed in Romania in 1954, beatified 31 August 2013.
Villejuif has many hospitals on its territory :
- the Institut Gustave Roussy, leading hospital in oncology in Europe
- the Hôpital Paul-Brousse
- the Paul Guiraud hospital
13 preschools, 11 elementary schools, and five junior high schools (Collège Aimé-Césaire, Collège Guy-Môquet, Collège Jean Lurçat, Collège Karl Marx, Collège Pasteur) are in Villejuif. Lycée intercommunal Darius-Milhaud (in Le Kremlin-Bicêtre) serves Villejuif.