Victualling Yard, Gibraltar

The Victualling Yard was a victualling facility in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar built for supplying Royal Navy ships while anchored at Rosia Bay.

Victualling Yard
Victualling Yard (centre right), Parson's Lodge Battery (centre), construction site at former Rosia Water Tanks (right), Rosia Cottages (right), former Old Naval Hospital (left), Camp Bay (left).
Location of the Victualling Yard within Gibraltar.
General information
StatusComplete
TypeNaval
LocationRosia Bay
CountryGibraltar
Coordinates36.120756°N 5.351587°W / 36.120756; -5.351587
Completed1812
OwnerGovernment of Gibraltar
Height
Top floor1

History

The early history of the Victualling Yard complex is traced back to the late 18th century. At that time, the dockyard was located at the New Mole, now referred to as the South Mole, and victualling was near the Old Mole, now known as the North Mole.

These facilities however, suffered great damage during the Great Siege of Gibraltar due to its proximity to the Spanish land artillery to the north.[1] In 1799, while residing at Rosia Parade in Gibraltar, John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, Admiral in Charge of the Mediterranean Fleet, recommended that the Royal Navy Victualling Yard be relocated to the Rosia Bay area, just south of the New Mole. Governor O'Hara did not approve of St Vincent's plan as he proposed to finance it by selling the naval stores at Waterport and Irish Town. However St Vincent won.[2] In addition to access to the bay, the site had the advantage of the protection afforded by Parson's Lodge Battery. It had the further advantage of being out of range of enemy gunfire from the North Front. Construction of the Rosia Water Tanks began in 1799 and was completed in 1804 by contractor Giovanni Maria Boschetti. The entire Victualling Yard complex at Rosia Bay was completed by 1812. It formed part of the Royal Navy base and contained stores of food, water, and clothing in sufficient quantities for a large fleet. The Rosia Mole was the berthing place for the Royal Navy vessels seeking provisions and water from the Victualling Yard complex; it also held coal for the garrison.[3]

Conservation

The complex was in use as a victualling yard until the 1980s, and remained in Ministry of Defence hands until 2004. It was described as 'until recently the best and least altered example of a [RN] victualling depot' outside the British isles;[4] however, the entrance to the Victualling Yard complex is the only portion to be listed with the Gibraltar Heritage Trust.[3][5] Having taken ownership, the Gibraltar government demolished the unique underground water tanks in 2006, in the face of international opposition.[6][7]

References

  1. Finlayson, Clive; Fa, Darren (2006). The Fortifications of Gibraltar 1068-1945. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-84603-016-1. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  2. Jackson, Sir William G. F. (1990). The rock of the Gibraltarians : a history of Gibraltar (2nd ed.). Grendon: Gibraltar Books. p. 188. ISBN 0948466146.
  3. "In The Supreme Court of Gibraltar". docs.google.com. Government of Gibraltar. 19 January 2006. pp. 8–10. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
  4. Coad, Jonathan (2013). Support for the Fleet. Swindon: English Heritage.
  5. "Gibraltar Heritage Trust Act 1989" (PDF). gibraltarlaws.gov.gi. Gibraltar Heritage Trust. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
  6. "Save Rosia Tanks". Archived from the original on 28 February 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
  7. "Rosia Tanks a Great Gibraltar Loss says Naval Dockyards Society". Vox - The Truly Independent Gibraltar Newspaper. 9 October 2007. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
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