Victory over the Sun

Victory over the Sun (Russian: Победа над Cолнцем, Pobeda nad Solntsem) is a Russian Futurist opera premiered in 1913 at the Luna Park in Saint Petersburg.

The libretto written in zaum language was contributed by Aleksei Kruchonykh, the music was written by Mikhail Matyushin, the prologue was added by Velimir Khlebnikov, and the stage designer was Kazimir Malevich. The performance was organized by the artistic group Soyuz Molodyozhi. The opera has become famous as the event where Malevich made his first Black Square painting (in 1915).

The opera was intended to underline parallels between literary text, musical score, and the art of painting, and featured a cast of such extravagant characters as Nero and Caligula in the Same Person, Traveller through All the Ages, Telephone Talker, The New Ones, etc.

The audience reacted negatively and even violently to the performance, as have some subsequent critics and historians.[1]

A documentary film about the opera was made in 1980.[2]


Victory Over the Sun, ed. Patricia Railing, trans. Evgeny Steiner (London: Artists.Bookworks, 2009), 2 vols. ISBN 978-0-946311-19-4

Further reading

Victory Over the Sun: The World's First Futurist Opera (original Russian libretto, musical score, translation, critical and historical essays), eds. Rosamund Bartlett and Sarah Dadswell (University of Exeter Press, 2012). ISBN 978-0-85989-839-3

Anfang Gut, Alles Gut - Actualizations of the Futurist Opera Victory Over the Sun 1913, eds. Eva Birkenstock, Kerstin Stakemier, Nina Köller. Contributors: Roger Behrens, Devin Fore, Anke Hennig, Oliver Jelinski, Christiane Ketteler, Avigail Moss, Nikolai Punin, Marina Vishmidt. Kunsthaus Bregenz; Bilingual edition (March 31, 2013). ISBN 978-3863351441

The original 1980 English translation of the opera by poet Larissa Shmailo was performed for the celebrated reconstruction of the First Futurist Opera at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art as well as the Brooklyn Academy of Music.[3] It was performed in full staging with digital sets and synthesized music at Boston University April 23, 2015.[4] Cervena Barva Press 2014 ISBN 978-0692302316

In 2015, during the Art Basel fair, the Swiss Fondation Bayaler presented a production of the opera that was shown in the Theater Basel on 17 June 2015.[5][6] It was a kind of preview to the In Search of 0,10 – The Last Futurist Exhibition of Painting[7] exhibition that run from 4 October 2015 to 10 January 2016 at the Fondation Bayaler.


  1. Isobel Hunter (12 July 1999). "Zaum and Sun: The 'first Futurist opera' revisited". Central Europe Review. 3 (1). Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  2. "Victory Over the Sun: A Futuristic Opera". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  3. "Victory over the Sun translation". Archived from the original on 28 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  4. "Join us for Revolutionary Voices: Victory over the Sun". Boston University. Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
  5. FondationBeyeler (15 November 2015). "Victory Over the Sun, Futurist Opera". Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018 via YouTube.
  6. "VernissageTV Art TV - Victory Over the Sun Futurist Opera at Theater Basel". Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  7. "Auf der Suche nach 0,10 - Die letzte futuristische Ausstellung der Malerei". Archived from the original on 4 September 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
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