Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army

The Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (VCSA) is the principal deputy to the Chief of Staff of the Army, and is the second-highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Department of the Army.

Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
Flag of the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
General Joseph M. Martin

since July 26, 2019
United States Department of the Army
Member ofArmy Staff
Joint Requirements Oversight Council
Reports toChief of Staff of the Army
SeatThe Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNot fixed
Constituting instrument10 U.S.C. § 3034
FormationSeptember 18, 1947
First holderGEN J. Lawton Collins
SuccessionFirst in Chief of Staff succession
DeputyDirector of the Army Staff

The Vice Chief of Staff generally handles the day-to-day administration of the Army Staff, freeing the Chief of Staff to attend to the interservice responsibilities of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. By statute, the Vice Chief of Staff is appointed as a four-star general in the United States Army while so serving.

The incumbent Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, since July 2019, is General Joseph M. Martin.


The senior leadership of the U.S. Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army and the Under Secretary of the Army, as well as two commissioned officers, the U.S. Army Chief of Staff and the U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff.

Under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of the Army (who in turn is under the authority, direction and control of the Secretary of Defense) the Vice Chief of Staff assists the Chief of Staff on missions and functions related to their duties. The Vice Chief of Staff also assists the Chief of Staff in the management/oversight of U.S. Army installations and facilities.

Furthermore, the Vice Chief of Staff may also represent the Army at the Office of the Secretary of Defense/Joint Staff level in areas relating to the Chief of Staff's responsibility and U.S. Army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs. The Vice Chief of Staff is the designated Army representative to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC).

If the Chief of Staff is incapacitated or otherwise relieved of duty, the Vice Chief of Staff serves as the Acting Chief of Staff. If both the Chief of Staff and the Vice Chief of Staff were to be incapacitated, the seniormost general on the Army Staff would become the Acting Chief of Staff of the Army until someone else is appointed.[1][2]


The Vice Chief of Staff of the Army is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among the general officers of the Army.

Unlike the Chief of Staff of the Army, there is no fixed term nor term limit to the position of the Vice Chief of Staff, although most of those appointed to the office have typically served for two or three year tenures.

List of Vice Chiefs of Staff of the Army (1947–present)

#NamePhotoTerm beganTerm endedPost(s) held after VCSA tenure
1.LTG (GEN) J. Lawton Collins[3]19471949Chief of Staff of the Army (1949–53)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1953–54)
Special Representative in South Vietnam (1954–55)
U.S. Representative to NATO (1955–56)
Retired, 1956.
2.GEN Wade H. Haislip19491951Retired, 1951
3.GEN John E. Hull19511953Commander of Far East Command (1953–55)
Retired, 1955.
4.GEN Charles L. Bolte19531955Retired, 1955
5.GEN Williston B. Palmer19551957Deputy Commander, USEUCOM (1957–59)
Director of Military Assistance, OSD, (1959–60)
Retired, 1960
6.GEN Lyman L. Lemnitzer19571959Chief of Staff (1959–60)
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1960–62)
Retired, 1969
7.GEN George H. Decker19591960Chief of Staff (1960–62)
Retired, 1962
8.GEN Clyde D. Eddleman19601962Retired, 1962
9.GEN Barksdale Hamlett19621964Retired, 1964
10.GEN Creighton Abrams19641967Deputy Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1967–68)
Commander, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (1968–72)
Chief of Staff (1972–74)
Died in office, 1974.
11.GEN Ralph E. Haines Jr.19671968Commander, United States Army Pacific (1968–70)
Commander, Continental Army Command (1970–73)
Retired, 1973
12.GEN Bruce Palmer Jr.19681973Acting Chief of Staff (July–October 1972)
Commander, United States Readiness Command (1973–74)
Retired, 1974
13.GEN Alexander HaigJanuary 1973May 1973Chief of Staff to the President (1973–74)
Retired, 1979
Secretary of State (1981–82)
14.GEN Frederick C. Weyand19731974Chief of Staff, 1974–76
Retired, 1976
15.GEN Walter T. Kerwin Jr.19741978Retired, 1978
16.GEN Frederick J. Kroesen19781979Commander, United States Army Europe (1979–83)
Retired, 1983
17.GEN John William Vessey Jr.19791982Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1982–85)
Retired, 1985
Special emissary to Vietnam for missing American service personnel (1985–96)
18.GEN John A. Wickham Jr.19821983Chief of Staff (1983–87)
Retired, 1987
19.GEN Maxwell R. Thurman19831987Commander, Training and Doctrine Command (1987–89)
Commander, United States Southern Command (1990–91)
Retired, 1991
20.GEN Arthur E. Brown Jr.19871989Retired, 1989
21.GEN Robert W. RisCassi19891990Commander, Eighth United States Army (1990–92)
Commander, United States Forces Korea (1992–93)
Retired, 1993
22.GEN Gordon R. Sullivan19901991Chief of Staff, 1991–95
Retired, 1995
23.GEN Dennis J. Reimer19911993Commander, Forces Command (1993–95)
Chief of Staff (1995–99)
Retired, 1999
24.GEN J. H. Binford Peay III19931994Commander, Central Command, 1994–97
Retired, 1997
25.GEN John H. Tilelli Jr.19941995Commander, Forces Command (1995–96)
Commander, U.S. Forces Korea (1996–99)
Retired, 2000
26.GEN Ronald H. Griffith19951997Retired, 1997
27.GEN William W. Crouch19971998Retired, 1998
28.GEN Eric K. ShinsekiNovember 24, 1998June 21, 1999Chief of Staff (1999–2003)
Retired, 2003.
Secretary of Veterans Affairs (2009–14)
29.GEN John M. KeaneJune 22, 1999October 16, 2003Retired, 2003.
30.GEN George W. Casey Jr.October 17, 2003June 23, 2004Commander Multi-National Force – Iraq (2004–07)
Chief of Staff (2007–11)
Retired, 2011
31.GEN Richard A. CodyJune 24, 2004July 31, 2008Retired, 2008
32.GEN Peter W. ChiarelliAugust 4, 2008January 31, 2012Retired, 2012
33.GEN Lloyd J. Austin IIIJanuary 31, 2012March 8, 2013Commander, United States Central Command (2013–2016)
Retired, 2016
34.GEN John F. CampbellMarch 8, 2013August 8, 2014[4]Commander, International Security Assistance ForceAfghanistan (2014–2016)
Retired, 2016
35.GEN Daniel B. AllynAugust 15, 2014[5]June 16, 2017Retired, 2017
36.GEN James C. McConvilleJune 16, 2017[6]July 26, 2019
37.GEN Joseph M. MartinJuly 26, 2019Incumbent

See also


  1. "General Richard Cody - Vice Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  2. "WAIS Document Retrieval". Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  3. Hewes, James E., Jr. (1983) [1975]. "Appendix B". From Root to McNamara Army Organization and Administration. Special Studies. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
  5. Hinnant, Jim (15 August 2014). "Milley takes FORSCOM colors as Army's new vice chief of staff departs Fort Bragg". The United States Army. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  6. Panzino, Charlsy (16 June 2017). "Army personnel chief sworn in as vice chief of staff". ArmyTimes. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.