Venray

Venray (also Venraij; pronounced [ʋɛnˈraːi̯] (listen); Limburgish: Venroj) is a municipality and a city in Limburg, the Netherlands.

Venray

Venroj
Venray city centre

Flag

Coat of arms
Location in Limburg
Coordinates: 51°32′N 5°59′E
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceLimburg
Government
  BodyMunicipal council
  MayorHans Gilissen (PvdA)
Area
  Total165.00 km2 (63.71 sq mi)
  Land163.38 km2 (63.08 sq mi)
  Water1.62 km2 (0.63 sq mi)
Elevation25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (August 2017)[4]
  Total43,567
  Density267/km2 (690/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Venrayenaar, Venrayer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
5800–5817
Area code0478
Websitewww.venray.nl

The municipality of Venray consists of 14 towns over an area of 165 km2 (64 sq mi), with 43,494 inhabitants as of July 2016.[4] About 30,000 of those inhabitants live in the city of Venray; the other 13,000 live in one of the 13 surrounding towns.[5]

Topography

Populated places

Mental Hospitals

In 1905, the Sint Servatius mental hospital for males was built by the Brothers of Charity. The first patients arrived in 1907. In 1906, the Sint Anna mental hospital for women was built by the Sisters of Charity of Jesus and Mary. The first patients arrived in 1909. In 1969, management of the mental hospitals was transferred to two separate foundations. Both mental hospitals have had a big impact on Venray from cultural, religious and employment perspectives that lasts up to today. Nowadays, both mental hospitals are managed by GGZ Noord- en Midden-Limburg.

Venray also hosts one of 12 mental hospitals in the Netherlands, De Rooyse Wissel, that house people assigned to mental treatment as a measure by the courts.

St. Peter in Chains Church

The St. Peter ad Vincula church in Venray hosts one of the largest late medieval collections of wooden sculptures that survived the iconoclasm of the protestant reformation in the Netherlands. The church itself was originally built in the 15th century in the gothic style. It was rebuilt after extensive damage following the World War II Battle of Overloon.

World War II

Towards the end of World War II there were a lot of battles in and around Venray, damaging large parts of the center of Venray. One of the more famous battles around Venray is the Battle of Overloon. One of the biggest tank battles between the Germans and Allies was fought in October 1944 in Overloon, resulting in hundreds of casualties on both sides. Venray was not liberated until 1945. Venray is also famous for its German War Cemetery, as it is the only German war cemetery in the Netherlands. 31,598 German soldiers are buried at this cemetery.

Economy

In recent decades Venray has made a transition from a manufacturing base to a third-party logistics base. As a consequence many warehouses have been built on industrial estates in recent years.

Small and medium enterprises and mental healthcare also continue to play an important role in the local economy. Venray also provides logistics through its Meuse river harbor in Wanssum and A73 motorway.

Nature

The western section of Venray, the villages Vredepeel and Ysselsteyn, was reclaimed from the Peel peat bogs in the early 20th century. Parts of the peat bogs remain and have been transferred to a national park. The western section of Venray is also straddled by part of the Peel-Raam Line, defensive works consisting out of a canal and bunkers dating to the World War II period.

Venray, near Geijsteren, also has a forest and sand dune area, that is one of the few locations in the Netherlands that is home to common juniper.

Notable residents

Sport

See also

References

  1. "Samenstelling college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Venray. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5801MB". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. "Welcome to Venray - Gemeente Venray". Archived from the original on 2016-06-01. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
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