Velar ejective

The velar ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .

Velar ejective
IPA Number109 + 401
Encoding
Entity (decimal)kʼ
Unicode (hex)U+006BU+02BC
X-SAMPAk_>
Audio sample
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Features

Features of the velar ejective:

  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.

Occurrence

LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Abkhazакы[akʼə]'one'
AdygheTemirgoyшкӏэ[ʃkʼa] 'calf'
Shapsugкӏьэ[kʲʼa] 'tail'Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
ArchiкIан[kʼan]'bottom'
ArmenianYerevan dialect[1]կեղծ[kʼɛʁt͡sʼ]'false'Corresponds to tenuis [k⁼] in other Eastern dialects.
English[2][3]Non-local Dublin[4]back[bakʼ]'back'Allophone of /k/ for some speakers.[4]
Northern English[5][6][7][8]Pre-pausal allophone of /k/ for some speakers;[5][7] may be somewhat palatalised.[5] See English phonology
Southern English[4][5][6][7]
Scottish[9]Occasional word-final allophone of /k/.[9]
Georgianაბა[kʼaba]'dress'
Haidattsanskkaagid[tsʼanskʼaːkit]'beams'
Hausaƙoƙari[kʼòːkʼɐ̄ɾī]'effort'
KabardianBaslaneyкӏьапсэ[kʲʼaːpsa] 'rope'Palatalized. Corresponds to [t͡ʃʼ] in other dialects.
K'iche'k'ak'[kʼaːkʼ]'new'
LezgianкIир[kʼir]'fang'
Ossetian Iron къона [ˈkʼonä] 'hearth'
Digoron дзæкъолæ [d͡zəˈkʼoɫə] 'bag'
Quechuak'aspi[kʼaspi]'stick'

See also

Notes

References

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